Housing Bubble Getting Ready to Pop: Mortgage Applications to Purchase a Home Drop to Lockdown Lows, “Bad Time to Buy” Hits Record amid Sky-High Prices, Spiking Mortgage Rates

Refinance mortgage applications collapsed to lowest since year 2000.

By Wolf Richter for WOLF STREET.

This just keeps getting worse: Applications for mortgages to purchase a home dropped 7% for the week, and were down 21% from a year ago, the Mortgage Bankers Association reported today. An indicator of future home sales: Potential homebuyers try to get pre-approved for a mortgage, lock in a mortgage rate, and then start house-hunting.

Mortgage rates have soared this year, and home prices have soared for years to ridiculous levels, causing layers and layers of potential buyers to abandon the market, amid “worsening affordability challenges,” as the MBA called it. And these applications to purchase a home hit the lowest point since the depth of the lockdown in April 2020 (data via Investing.com):

The MBA’s Purchase Mortgage Applications Index has now dropped below the lows of late 2018. By November 2018, the Fed had been hiking rates for years (slowly), and its QT was in full swing, and mortgage rates had edged above 5%, which was enough to begin shaking up the housing market. Home sales volume slowed, prices began to come down in some markets, and stocks were selling off. But with inflation below the Fed’s target, and with Trump, who’d taken ownership of the Dow, constantly throwing darts at Powell, the Fed signaled in December 2018 that it would cave, and instantly mortgage rates began to fall, and volume and prices took off again.

Today, raging inflation is the #1 economic issue, and the Fed is chasing after it, with backing from the White House, and so this issue in the housing market is just going to have to play out.

Holy-Moly Mortgage Rates.

The average 30-year fixed mortgage rate with conforming balances and 20% down rose to 5.40% this week, according to the MBA today, having been in this 5.4% range, plus or minus a little, since the end of April, the highest since 2009.

I call them holy-moly mortgage rates because that’s the reaction you get when you apply this rate to figure a mortgage payment for a home at current prices and then accidentally look at the resulting mortgage payment (data via Investing.com):

“Bad time to buy a home.”

Turns out, sky-high home prices to be financed with holy-moly mortgage rates, plus uncertainty about the economy, dropping stock prices, and inflation eating everyone’s lunch make a toxic mix for homebuyers.

The percentage of people who said that now is a “bad time to buy” a home jumped to 79%, another record-worst in the data going back to 2010, according to Fannie Mae’s National Housing Survey for May. Sentiment has been deteriorating since February 2021:

“Consumers’ expectations that their personal financial situations will worsen over the next year reached an all-time high in the May survey, and they expressed greater concern about job security,” according to Fannie Mae’s report.

“These results suggest to us that increased mortgage rates, high home prices, and inflation will likely continue to squeeze would-be homebuyers – as well as those potential sellers with lower, locked-in mortgage rates – out of the market, supporting our forecast that home sales will slow meaningfully through the rest of this year and into next,” said Fannie Mae.

Sagging stock prices keep getting blamed.

The stock market is on the front pages every day. Only a small percentage of Americans own any significant amount of equities, but that doesn’t matter. Stock market declines, with many high-flying stocks plunging 70% or 80% or even 90% since February 2021, have rattled a lot of nerves. Which is in part why Fannie Mae pointed out, “consumers’ expectations that their personal financial situations will worsen over the next year reached an all-time high.”

The MBA also had previously pointed at the financial markets as one of the reasons for the plunge in purchase mortgage applications.

In the tech and social media sector, the big declines in stock prices have now triggered the first hiring freezes and a few layoffs. And this too – just the idea of nirvana being somehow over – is shaking up some folks.

Sharp increases in stock portfolios, stock options from employers, or cryptos empowered potential homebuyers and enabled many to borrow against their portfolios to come up with down payments. This option has either vanished or is looking very shaky for many.

Refi applications collapsed to lowest since year 2000.

Applications for mortgages to refinance an existing mortgage dropped another 6% for the week, and have collapsed by 75% from a year ago, to the lowest level since the year 2000, according to the MBA’s Refinance Mortgage Applications Index. The MBA obtains this data from a weekly survey of mortgage bankers.

With these holy-moly mortgage rates, just about the only reason to refinance is to extract cash from the home via a cash-out refi (data via Investing.com):

Cash-Out Refi mortgage applications.

According to the AEI Housing Center, which tracks mortgage applications by the number of rate locks, no-cash-out refi applications have collapsed by 92% from a year ago. But cash-out refi applications are primarily driven by the desire to extract cash from a home, with mortgage rates being a secondary issue – and so they continue but a slower pace.

Cash out refi applications in week through May 30 (black line) plunged by 42% from the same week in 2021 and have stabilized roughly level with 2019:

A cash-out refi provides a big lump sum for the homeowner to spend on all kinds of things, from cars to home improvement projects. They are also used to pay off high-cost debts, such as credit cards so that these credit cards can then be used for more purchases. The plunge in cash-out refi reduces the availability of these lump-sums, and therefore reduces the stimulus to the economy they provide.

No-cash-out refi mortgages at lower mortgage rates also boost consumer spending, as the lower rates reduce payments that then leave some extra every month to spend on other stuff. But the spike in mortgage rates, and the subsequent 92% collapse of no-cash-out refi mortgage applications ends this program.

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  305 comments for “Housing Bubble Getting Ready to Pop: Mortgage Applications to Purchase a Home Drop to Lockdown Lows, “Bad Time to Buy” Hits Record amid Sky-High Prices, Spiking Mortgage Rates

  1. Slick Willy says:

    Winter is coming

    • Tony says:

      It really isn’t coming, considering how high prices were. Just because it goes down doesn’t mean it’s weakness considering how high it has been. Markets don’t have to go up and down….they could also go sideways for long periods of time. It doesn’t have to always be doom and gloom. There is also neutral.

      • SoCalBeachDude says:

        Housing is now TOTALLY TANKING even in Beverly Hills, CA.

        • Cookie says:

          The ghetto parts of LA still have houses listed around 800 k. Insane

        • Pea Sea says:

          It is absolutely not tanking anywhere in Los Angeles. I’m rooting for it to do just that, but it hasn’t yet begun.

        • SocalJohn says:

          I read a realtor study saying that LA prices were down on a quarterly basis, but not on a yoy basis yet. Interesting because spring is when the opposite trend is expected. Also interesting because it came from a realtor (in OC if I remember correctly).

        • Iona says:

          Not sure about LA but Santa Barbara market has turned, what would take a day to sell is sitting for weeks with no offers and price cuts of 100k per family that live there.

        • gametv says:

          Real estate markets just take time to play out. There are still some idiots that are willing to buy at high prices, maybe they are selling one property and buying another.

          Supply is still pretty low, so it will take time to build. By this time next year we will have a very different market, one where sellers know they must sell or lose more in the future. Home prices are all about psychology. If you own a home and want to sell, do it now. Be willing to cut the price. Because the longer you wait, the worse it will get. You will not want to take a 50K hit on profits and will take a 500K hit 3 years from now.

        • Ryan Miller says:

          Not a bubble. Completely different than 08. May flatten but wont tank across the board. Supply and demand….with rates this high, who is going to sell their home with a 3 percent interest rate only to enter a turbulent market that offers 6 percent. Rates are way more important than people give them credit for. 3 points may as well be $100k cost differential…when it comes to your monthly mortgage. If you’re waiting for a return to pre-pandemic prices, you will die waiting.

        • WinterIScoming says:

          WRONG. Demand in areas that gained 100% are going to burst like a baloon. Depends on what part of the country you are in.. CA, WA, MA, NY won’t lose so much. But the AZ, TX, NV, ID, FL, UT’s of the world are going to free fall

      • Phoenix_Ikki says:

        I love the sideways for a long periods of time line, I believe every RE agents is mandated to repeat that talking point to every one of their clients. Not saying you’re a RE agent but do like that logic of it can only go parabolic on the way up but never down. I wish I can say the same about my income for the rest of my life too.

        • jon says:

          Real estate agents I know they tell me , prices can never ever go down in southern california. With these negative news about the housing in the recent months, they have the same line what Tony has: Prices may not rise but won’t go down for sure. So, it is prudent to buy now at these price/rate then buy later at the same price but at much higher rates :-)

        • Jack X says:

          Phoenix_Ikki, That’s cuz everyone & their dog wanna be & are RE agents & when it all collapses they get fired, so they lie like crazy, plus most are ignorant & have no knowledge about finance, economics or history. How anyone can read these articles & see these charts even if ignorant & not see what’s coming is beyond me.

        • Tony says:

          Now you are twisting my words and taking it out of context. In reality, you don’t know whether prices will go down, up, or sideways, but for some reason your crystal ball is better than mine? Come on. I’ve lived through 4 recessions. Rinse and repeat. This isn’t the END of the world like you doomsday commenters always spew the same narrative when things look bad. Inflation is the hidden tax and you think that all the Covid stimulus and vaccines were free as well? The govt writes stuff off all the time just like any other business. Sure it’s a loss, but when you have fiat currency they make the rules.

        • J says:

          “It’s just a gully.”

        • joedidee says:

          well I believe listings will come out big time – thereby increasing supply of UNSOLD homes

          2nd with those NEEDING MORTAGE(now over 6% and RISING)

          there won’t be market unless you have all cash

          and there is A LOT OF CASH BUYERS LEFT

          it’s ok – I’m patient for my vacay home – 2+ year horizon
          all cash – no issues – just motivated seller

      • Jack X says:

        Tony, try 50% plus property collapse, affordability is they only thing that matters & foreign buyers will not buying to get sanctioned, a downward spiral is coming. Anyone not seeing this is brainwashed by recency bias.

        • MiTurn says:

          The front page of the Spokesman Review (Spokane’s daily paper) showed a chart of rising house prices in Spokane County. Prices have doubled (!) since 2017 to $450k. Five years…

          We’re talking Spokane and the surrounding county — not particularly prime real estate. Those prices are not sustainable and definitely not affordable on local wages.

        • polistra says:

          Re Spokane: the prices might not be sustainable but they are successful. In my working-class neighborhood, prices were about $150k before 2020, now about $350k. The $350k houses are selling fast.

        • Jacob says:

          50% at a minimum. In Australia plenty of places can lose 65% and be fairly valued. Ofcourse the central planners will try to swing out of the tight corner they are in, but it’s hard to see any way they can relate their bubble from here…. spoiler, they don’t want to. The trillions they throw next time will come to late, just like they started to fight inflation too late.

        • Sal says:

          There is no downward spiral. The banking laws have changed. The rules in which they approve loans have changed. The market will slow because the Feds is raising rates to slow down inflation. There’s no bubble to burst. Some markets will get a small correction but not like all the chicken littles think occurred in the 2000’s. Been in the industry 20+ years. It’s slowing because with the rate increases client aren’t getting approved so many contracts are cancelling. This is a hodge podge of data that doesn’t tell the hole story.

        • Bruce says:

          Grasshoppers can’t see Winter is coming until it’s too late.

        • Tom bo says:

          Haha! Sure! 50%! Please stick to your day job? People don’t have any clue yet there are people like you out there saying oh my God the world is over. We’re leaving a time where the Fed pushed down rates artificially now we’re merely going back to where they should have been the price run ups are because people saw an amazing opportunity with low interest rates. There is still significant demand and household growth creates demand, and wages have gone up, people need a place to live.

      • Bobber says:

        Anything that can go up 30% in a year can go down 30% in a year. Why do so many people think housing prices are different, at a time when mortgage rates are rising fast?

        I do find it surprising that purchase mortgage applications are down only 21% from last year. With the huge increase in mortgage rates, and prices, you’d think mortgage applications would be down 50% or more. There must be a significant amount of FOMO remaining in the buyer pool at this time.

        Those FOMO buyers will be making their conversion to bagholders very soon. Sellers are still filling up the bags as we speak.

        • Educated but Poor Millennial says:

          So far , we still have overasking prices for lower and higher end markets in Los Angeles
          Check the sold houses and apartments for the last week days in Zillow , use the appropriate filters to see what I am talking about.

        • Wolf Richter says:


          The irony is that something that goes up 30% has to go down only 23% to get back where it was. If it goes down 30%, it’s 9% in the hole.

        • Gomp says:

          At Mortgage Watch Daily it’s interesting that most of these quoted 5.4% rates also require 10K in extra fees to get this rate. The “pure” rates are closer to 6%. And surely going higher.

        • BK says:

          Just wait for the June / July / August numbers. They will be down way more than 21%. I think you are right on @bobber.

        • Lenore K says:

          “Anything that can go up 30% in a year can go down 30% in a year”.

          YES! That all day! I don’t know why sone fail to grasp this basic market truth

      • Gomp says:

        Here’s a fun word. Naivete.

        • D Patterson says:

          Good. Maybe regular, hard working people can afford to buy again. We got priced out of the market despite a very healthy income and amazing credit rating. It’s getting to the point that the American citizens that make up the majority of this country can barely afford to live in it.

      • Nate says:

        Sure, for the forseeable future demand will fall off a cliff but everyone holds because they don’t want to book a loss. If it was that simple, no one would lose money on anything.

        That’s not how markets work, even housing. People sometimes are forced to move. Or they die. Or they cannot service their debts. Or they bought many years ago and some profit is better than no profit. Or institutional investors withdraw because the numbers don’t make sense. Or builders can’t afford to sit onto the homes that are already being built. Or all of it.

        And then, prices go down. Typically after that, more people decide they don’t want to catch a falling knife and they sell, and so on.

        • Phoenix_Ikki says:

          Another way to think about this is if you look on eBay, sometimes an item that would normally sell for $1k with an open not reserve bid for a $.01. if people are that rational and everyone wait and only bid last 5 secs, the winner will likely get the item at much lower price than normal value but we all seen that’s not how the normal world works.

          Gaming theory help explain this type of perceived orderly behavior that’s not grounded in reality.

        • Alan says:

          Except rents have continued to go up 10, 20% or more, when rents go down 30%, then there is room and opportunity for home prices to go down 30%. Who really thinks rents will go down 30 or 50%?

      • Augustus Frost says:

        totally wishful thinking.

        This is a mania, the biggest US housing bubble ever. There will be no long-term sideways flatlining, especially if the bond mania ended in 2020 as appears.

        The headwinds for housing now are worse than 2006 at the end of housing bubble 1.

        • Norcalbang says:

          “The headwinds for housing now are worse than 2006 at the end of housing bubble 1.”

          Nope. Not even close. That was a credit anomaly and far different. I agree the mania is subsiding and flattening to small drops are possible, but lots of skin in the game and lots of cash floating around… still.

          Back then we had bartenders getting no doc loans and leveraging on 10 rental properties at a time. This time around it’s still rather difficult to obtain financing… as it should be.

          Many hoping for 50% off just aren’t going to get it.

        • SocalJohn says:

          Funny thing about these bubbles is that each one is different, and that is one the reasons that so many people get trapped. It’s true that it’s different this time in so many ways. But that doesn’t matter. The only thing that matters is the herd mania, and that is the same.

        • Depth Charge says:

          “Back then we had bartenders getting no doc loans and leveraging on 10 rental properties at a time. This time around it’s still rather difficult to obtain financing… as it should be.”

          Here we go again, braindead people posting things they have no clue about. I have posted links that show it has been SUBPRIME this whole time. Fog a mirror financing is around this time just as last time. Wake up and learn a little bit instead of posting from whatever stupor you are mired in.

        • CaliforniaWishflDreamin says:

          It is different this time, but the credit anomaly is still present. My husband and I make a combined gross of 130K. We were approved for a 750K loan in Southern California. We have 75K to put down and on a 4.3% rate we would be paying $5,000/ a month on a 700K home. We decided against any purchases at the moment. We net about $6,500 a month once you factor in taxes and insurance. How many people out there are being approved for loans they realistically cannot afford. If either one of us loses our job we cannot afford our mortgage.

        • gametv says:

          2006 was a worse situation, but the problem now is that the Fed cant cut interest rates to stop price declines, once they begin. so we have a much longer downward spiral in home prices coming in my opinion.

          markets that crash and then bounce back result in smaller losses. markets that just keep moving lower and lower and eventually noone wants to buy them at all are the real problems. that is what will have. but the people who look at their real estate holdings as their assets will deny it for a long time.

        • Nate says:

          It was different last time is a common refrain right before the pop.

          It was different. Then, we had liar loans and out to lunch lending standards. This time we had a temporary demand spike because of COVID/WFH, a building slowdown because of COVID, a ban on foreclosures and evictions, and a flood of stimulus to avoid layoffs and safety net those who were laid off. Honestly, it’s hard to envision a crazier set of circumstances to juice demand and suppress supply.

          No one can see the future. But something has to give because income vs. price ratios are completely out of whack. The best case scenario is flat prices with massive inflation in pay. But this is America where raises are bullshit so I don’t like those odds.

      • John L says:

        The economic cycle has expansion and recession…. cyclically, there is no neutral over time.

      • JChurch says:

        That comment comes from someone who perhaps is in real-estate and doesn’t see the world changes that are forthcoming and certainly doesn’t want to realize anything that would jeopardize “sales” as it there revenue. Rose glasses on . Time will smear the shade of glasses on.

        General Contractor here has made this comment / reply

      • paulie says:

        i remember rates when i was a child at 16% that was the 70s then great for investment then when i worked in banking in the 90s rates were around 8.25% our seniors complained of their time deposits barely being worth the money
        …. do they still even have time deposits anymore? idk but i remember mtg rates being of acceptable rates then, now to hear holy moly rates at 5% is a funny thing….i did loans for manufactured homes rates were between 9 – 11% ….. people didn’t complain then, i don’t get it

      • Nick says:

        You’re assuming 10 to 20% correction. Superbubble means 60 to 70% off current home prices.

    • Phoenix_Ikki says:

      Can it be a Nuclear Winter instead of the regular flavor Winter for the housing market?

    • Frank Rizzo says:

      Haha winter is coming. If you didn’t sell its already to late. Better start learning how to speak mandarin.

      • Juicifer says:

        Yeah. Because everybody knows- if there’s one people on the planet who don’t have a bigger system-wide property bubble right now….it’s the Chinese.


    • Sonny O. says:

      “Brace for Impact”

    • historicus says:

      Here’s what is not being discussed….and what makes this situation different..

      the replacement cost of these homes is soaring……
      this wasnt the case in past housing crashes…
      and there is still corporate money saddled with the objective of buying housing and renting it out…looking for a fair return vs the current inflation.

      • Lynn Marie says:

        the key issue here is the investors driving up prices in the real estate market. investors need renters, with no more free money and inflation we will see renters cannot afford these inflated housing costs (look at the costs of housing versus median incomes) investors will pull the trigger to offload properties soon and flood the market. Different cause versus the 2008 foreclosures but the same outcome. Crash.

        • Chip says:

          You hit the nail on the head. Investor accumulation has caused this market manipulation and squeeze. The panic sell offs will create a crash. It will also trigger increased foreclosures of those who will walk away from homes they excessively paid over fair value. Supply will soon not be an issue. Expect 25% price drops by 23

        • Tony B. says:

          Wait for the Wall Street boys to exit when they have to liquidate to cover their losses. OpenDoor still buying shit in AZ and trying to sell for 50k more 3 weeks later.

        • Liz is unimpressed says:

          Spot. On. As I am not a realtor, but rather have a masters degree in global science, I have already noticed an increase in the homelessness rates since the moratorium on evictions has expired. If so many are opting for the roadside, renters are not actually collecting on these vacant investments. Considering that the average household cannot absorb a $1,000 emergency, yet food costs have soared over 10% gas about 50% year over year— we’re looking at a household deficit of between 5-9,000 this year if trends continue. Homelessness or housing adjustment—these are hard facts. The hyper-inflated technology bubble is already bursting. This is absolutely going to roll over the housing market like a steam roller. Pricing will adjust accordingly, and hard. Even Zillow had the foresight to get the heck out of the buying market and start unloading it’s inventory. It’s always those who have the most to lose who are the blindest. Will this market recover? Of course— it always does. Markets always recover, but I would expect that buyers stop rolling over immediately and own their power, and sellers understand that it’s not 2021 anymore.

      • Cas127 says:

        1) Isn’t it funny how costs/replacement cost just “happened” to double over the very same 20 years that ZIRP halved interest rates, keeping monthly pmts roughly constant? I wouldn’t take it as gospel that claimed “costs” are anywhere near bottom line true production costs. Builders have heard about the Fed too…and quickly reprice accordingly.

        2) Institutional ownership of SFH is still pretty small – maybe 5% to 15% (very maybe) of new build and unlikely to be much over 1 million cumulatively (in a 75 million+ SFH market nationally).

        And nobody knows better than institutional investors just what interest rate movements do to asset value/affordability/resale value – so they will move on a dime.

        Just ask Zillow – which dumped its home flipping operation last November (after losing tens of millions). Not many entities are as plugged into SFH supply/demand dynamics as Zillow.

      • Anthony Beckham says:

        Cas, what are you on about?

        Investors are about 30 percent or more of the home sales TODAY and have been for the past couple years. You’re taking the inventory that is just sitting there not on the market makes zero sense. They are responsible for driving prices up.

        Zillow exited buying houses, still sitting on 4 billion or so in houses (read its balance sheet on its 2021 10k). Cost of lumber is still elevated but has dropped 50% YoY.

    • Linda Campbell says:

      Apparently you lack a sense of history as well the economics of pyramid Capitalism. Speculation or the action predicting the future doesn’t have a good record in the investment of Real Estate or Stock Market. As a young adult in the 70’s I remember having inflationary and recession pressures on economy at same time. In the early 80’s Home interest rates were 18%
      Didn’t think I would ever be able to purchase a Home. At that time thinking your home was an financial asset that you could flip into a higher price home was not a thing. A home was a place to live and raise a family or not. But even as mortgage rates dropped and economy improved. The so called Wolves of Wall Street have kept up their Speculation, informing their consumers of the future disasters when anything happens that might hamper their right to capitalize on their prey. In the year 2000, we were able to refinance our house from 6. 5 per cent to 5.00 %. That was considered great. Currently interest rates were raised to ease the pressure of inflation. Also, no one can predict the future. Especially the false prophets of Capitalism. More like Coyotes than Wolves.. Plus the Government has no control over real estate prices or oil prices. They are private businesses. But like all bully Capitalists, they must blame the GOVERNMENT when their predictions fail..

    • Laura says:

      Not tanking in Phoenix…….

  2. SoCalBeachDude says:

    Treasury yields rise, 2-year hits highest since Dec 2018 ahead of Friday’s U.S. inflation report

    • Iona says:

      Yep, shorted the correction and focused especially on the spike in junk bonds. Thinking that may have been related to the Luna/terra crash somehow.

  3. Old School says:

    That why I think it isn’t going to take that high of a rate to roll the economy into recession. Ten year between 3% and 4% and a flat yield curve and mortgages at 5.25% – 6.25% should be enough in my opinion. It’s not written in statute that inflation has to be 2%. Volker was satisfied with 4% I think. Market is already baking in 2.75% average next 10 years.

    • DawnsEarlyLight says:

      The 10 year should be up near the rate of inflation, anything else would result in continuing the same old crap.

      • OC says:

        10 year inflation breakeven is exactly 2.75%…so 10 year bond is already above where it should be according to you…

        The vast bulk of the inflationary impulse is from commodity price inflation NOT wage growth. Pretty much every commodity globally is well above its incentive price so to assume commodity inflation will be contributing meaningfully to inflation next 10 years from the current extremely elevated position is overly pessimistic.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          Inflation has shifted to services — healthcare, rents, insurance, travel services, etc. And 70% of consumer spending is services. Your commodities theory was widely held a year ago, when they still thought that inflation was “transitory,” which turned out to be wishful thinking.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          Inflation has moved into services, where inflation is now spiking. 70% of consumer spending goes into services — rents, healthcare, insurance, travel services, education, etc. Your theory was the reason Powell dismissed inflation as transitory. This has turned out to be a horrendous mistake. I think it’s time you update your theory.

      • Vickie says:

        So many people looking at only one side of the picture regarding real estate crashing. The term crashing can only describe 2008 from faulty ARM loans given without income verification to any person on the street who applied and stated they made all this income. When a friend who was a furniture delivery guy can take out a home equity loan and use it to buy a high rise condo worth twice as much as his primary home and the HOA dues are high like another mortgage can get a stated income loan we’ll yes the market will crash eventually. But since 2008 the SAFE act was implemented to deter from bad loan practices. TODAY people are sitting on lots of equity in their homes and staying in them because they’re still shell shocked from 2008 therefore even though demand is shrinking the supply is still low. My opinion there will be a corporate crash first then other markets will decline as well but not Crash. That word is too extreme and promotes fear in people rather than educating them.

        • Cas127 says:


          It all comes down to monthly mortgage payment affordability.

          If home prices doubled/tripled over the last 20 years only because mortgage rates went from 8% to 4% to 2.6% (last year), then a *lot* of that gets unwound now that rates are 5.4% (and likely heading higher in DC’s panicked fight against the inflationary cancer it long courted).

          A $400k house at 2.6% rates ain’t worth $400k at 5.2% rates…far too few potential buyers have the income to qualify for the monthly payments that go along with a $400k house at 5.2%.

  4. 2banana says:

    You mean like every other president before and since?

    So, why did he re-cave?

    “But with inflation below the Fed’s target, and with Trump, who’d taken ownership of the Dow, constantly throwing darts at Powell…”

    • Pea Sea says:

      “Every other president before and since” didn’t get on Twitter and issue very thinly veiled threats to fire the Fed chair if he didn’t cut rates.

    • The Bob who cried Wolf says:

      If Trump was tossing darts at Powell I would surmise that Biden is indiscriminately and without any regard tossing lawn darts in the air.

      • phleep says:

        The Fed’s independence means lawn darts in the air are better than darts from (any) Pres thrown directly at the fed chair. There are reasons institutions, like people, have boundaries. Now just mouthing it on twitter is worse than LBJ privately manhandling William McChesney Martin, who served in uniform in WW2 and could certainly handle it.

        Yes, the Fed fumbled, but more pressure from various sides only stirs the mess worse. We all make mistakes and then hopefully set things right. No part of the USA or person in it is exempt from this natural state of uncertainty.

        • phleep says:

          And note: Trump’s darts were all toward opening the floodgates to cheap credit constantly, mainly to crank up stocks, something now bemoaned by many of his fans here.

          But I know plenty of folks don’t care about facts, they want to feel angry and powerful and cutting and on top of it. Like a tough guy. Clue: none of us are on top of it. We are in the worst moments, helpless tidal creatures floating in whatever it will do now.

        • VintageVNvet says:

          With clearly equal ”certainty” pleep,,, many places in USA continue to be ”exempt” from the uncertainty brought on most of WE the PEONs in USA who have debt.
          Not to reveal too much to the banksters and others of their ilk who have done SO much damage to almost everyone who has ANY DEBT,,,
          But, in fact, there are many folks in USA and likely elsewhere who have NO debt,,, and have not had debt for years, maybe decades, maybe ever…
          That is EXACTLY ”WHY” the Federal Reserve ”bank” was started in the first place:::
          All of us LOLs, in this case little old ladies of each and every kind, kinda/sorta learned, usually the hard way,,, to put our excess gold in jars buried in the yard when times were good/booming,,, and then take out our savings and buy for pennies on the (gold) dollar when the ”bust” arrived.
          Because SO many, if not ALL ”banks” went bust in almost every recession/etc… the FRB was started by the usual oligarchy types to make sure ”their” money/investments would not suffer, again and/or ever, etc.
          Foundational basis for ALL the ”issues” that continue to haunt and rip off all LOLs who are savers and thrifty folks…

    • Ggg says:

      The Fed reports to Congress not to the president. Thus only Congress can remove a the Fed Chairman.

  5. Jack X says:

    The US is bankrupt & Japan will soon show the world ya can’t engage in fraud any longer, Japan got away with it so long only cuz they were the only ones, now everyone is doing it. A collapse & total collapse is coming, a good lesson that QE, market manipulation & fraud at the highest levels will be paid for in total ruin, even uttering the words “We’ll do whatever it takes” is the height of , what ever takes results in ruin.

    Why are there rules in the first place? Doing whatever it takes has consequences, if not, let’s all be criminals, fraudsters & thieves to get rich, let’s all do “whatever it takes” to be wealthy, the arrogance, hubris & delusion is unprecedented.

    • Depth Charge says:

      Alan Greenscum, Ben Berstanky, Granny Yellen and Jerome Bowel should all be in prison. Just look at a chart of the FED’s balance sheet over the past 100 years to see what a filthy, vile sham they perpetrated.

      • Phil says:

        This kind of doomer talk is around all the time… I remember it well from 2008… but life goes on in spite of the hoarding of beans. When I was young and impressionable, I was more likely to get caught up in the nihilistic fever dreams.

        • phleep says:

          The broken-record tough guy stance must sure feel good, though. But nobody can show the alternative: what the world would be without these moves. It is sheer conjecture. It is too complex for anyone, tough or not, to calculate.

        • Harrold says:

          This talk has been floating around for years, closely followed with ‘buy gold’.

        • Cas127 says:

          Things turned out to be pretty nihilistic for the 8 million households that got foreclosed out of their down payments/equity/houses in the wake of 2009 (out of 50 million SFH with mortgages).

          Just because the MSM takes orders not to talk about it, doesn’t mean it ain’t happening.

          Quite usually the opposite in fact.

      • Gomp says:

        LOve your nicknames. Very Appropriate

    • Nate says:

      Meh you don’t need look at future Japan. Just look at past Japan. Their asset.price bubble was no joke. Japan is why the refrain stocks always go up is simply not true.

  6. Phoenix_Ikki says:

    Funny, I have been playing around with data you can download from Realtor.com and charting out SoCal areas and what not…what I noticed is that huge spike up in price reduction YoY and yet median list price and average list price is still extremely sky high…just funny to see how sticky home prices is, hopefully will see that crack and drop in the latter part of this year

    • Ryan S says:

      Very sticky, and some people will follow the market all the way down. I knew someone during the last collapse in SoCal that initially listed their house for $1.04M when the market had already turned down and that was peak pricing. They followed the market down with price cuts for well over a year, though I don’t remember the exact length of time, before finally selling at $720K. Those same sellers are out there now, they just don’t know it yet. I’ve owned a house for 22 years in the same neighborhood and have watched it go way up, way down, way up above the previous peak, and now what? I’m not a complete pessimist though, I don’t think it’s going below the previous bottom.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      The last housing bust took 5 years. In the first year of it, people didn’t even know it was a housing bust. Afterwards, with hindsight, they knew. But the underlying dynamics were spelling it out already.

      • Phoenix_Ikki says:

        Yup, one thing that’s eerily similar to that mortgage app line on the way down is when I charted out price reduction count YoY and that line is pretty straight up, looks very much like that mortgage application drop line in reverse, with some areas worst than others, what’s a little surprising is seeing that line spiking up in all SoCal metro areas as some would like to believe it’s impossible out there cause the weather is so nice.

        Will see how this hold up over time as you said it took half a decade last time but the pattern is there for sure and that denial and never ending hopium will take quite a while to work through, need a black swan event to help the price stickiness to come down faster I hope.

        Oh as some others will like to believe this might just level off or we’re in a temporary gully..there’s no impossibility just probability right?

        • Harvey Mushman says:

          “need a black swan event to help the price stickiness to come down faster I hope.”

          I don’t think you need a black swan. If interest rates keep ticking up, that should do it.

      • Iona says:

        It’s going to crash much faster than last time thanks to social media. Plenty of RE agents, lenders and investors on Twitter and YouTube are bringing lots of good data from the trenches which we didn’t have during the last bubble. It’s why things turned so quickly from the beginning of the year. Very few bubble deniers left at this point.

        • Augustus Frost says:

          It should crash faster than last time because the overvaluation and fundamentals are far worse.

          Conversely, since history never repeats, I’m anticipating it won’t and I’m probably the biggest pessimist on this blog. I expect the crash to be bigger – eventually – but it might take longer than these posts expect.

          First, I expect market rates (including mortgages) to hit a preliminary peak (the first of many only) and temporarily move contracyclical to FRB monetary policy, maybe six months to a year.


          Don’t know but nothing moves in a straight line forever and rates have already been rising in anticipation of FRB tightening, both QT and FFR increases. 30YR UST has already lost 55 points from 191 to 136 since March 2020. That’s a huge move even though rates are still very low.

          Second, when real estate starts falling noticeably, unemployment increases “a lot”, and foreclosures with it, I’m expecting another mortgage moratorium. Many politicians almost certainly believe it’s mostly cost free and of those who don’t, still might conclude it’s cheaper than bailouts and reverse wealth effect.

          It’s going to be worse this time, but probably not particularly soon.

        • Dan Romig says:

          A F,

          “A mortgage moratorium?”

          Yeah, that’s what we will surely need. Contract law and property rights are so passé. /s

        • gametv says:

          I dont agree that it crashes faster. Last time the banks had to foreclose on may properties. This time there is not that issue.

          This is going to just be a lack of demand that will slowly wear away at pricing. It will take 1-2 years before there are any people underwater on their mortgages. It will take 2-3 years before people start to realize that if they dont sell they will lose more money. 5-7 years later, the prices are at 50% of peak, that will be when plenty of people walk away from homes.

        • Seen it all before, Bob says:

          The Fed wants a soft landing.

          The Fed absolutely does not want housing prices to crash 30-50%.
          Especially if it happens suddenly. Too many people may decide to mail in the keys to their lender when the beautiful 30% gain they achieved in their home evaporates and they are underwater. The Fed works for the banks.

          However, if housing prices only drop 10% over 3 years while the Fed is making a half-hearted effort to control 8%/year inflation, people will still be able to sell their house for a 17% gain and won’t walk.

          Nevermind that 8% inflation times 3 = 24% and a 10% loss totals to roughly a 34% effective loss.

          Inflation is the Fed’s friend to avoid another 2008 housing crash.

        • Seen it all before, Bob says:

          At the moment the RE market has gone from 100 over-asking offers with inspections waived for homes to “only” 4-5 offers at list price or slightly over.

          The last time during a market that was rising with inflation around 2014, we offered 5% lower than asking on a house that was on the market for 2 months. One other bidder had tried a 10% under-asking number and we “won”. We still had buyer’s remorse for a short time because it is costly to make your house the perfect home for you.

          I consider that a normal market.

          2008-2012 with the 30-50% crash was not normal either but we are still a long way from that.

      • Bobby Dale says:

        Bingo. It seems that until sellers see price cuts and/or lower appraisals no one realizes that the trend has reversed.
        This time IS different than last time in that sellers will not be forced/foreclosures so much as those wishing to downsize or moving for jobs, with the former being the big driver as boomers retire and move. (What is the vacancy rate for homes owned by this group?)
        The big question mark that I see is the institutional owners of single family homes. How will they react? Mark to market does not have to be published in order to be public knowledge and smart people may realize that their investments in this sector are losing value and they rush to cash out of the fund.

      • Swamp Creature says:

        The last housing bust actually started here a few months after the sub-prime lenders in California got into trouble. In late 2005 I noticed the days new listings sat on the market started going up. That turned into an avalanche in 2006. 2009 was rock bottom.

    • Cas127 says:

      What did the data from 2006 to 2009 look like?

      Bubbles build over time, but pop very, very rapidly – because 1) the herd only knows to follow the herd (not understand the fundamentals) or 2) speculators think they can outrun the herd.

  7. 2banana says:

    When holding an extra home becomes much more expensive than the sweet appreciation, there will be a housing inventory glut.

    When rents, alone, don’t cash flow to cover holding costs and there is no sweet appreciation, there will be a housing inventory glut.

    When corporations can no longer find cheap and easy money, there will be a housing inventory glut.

    • jon says:

      A lot of second/third home owners won’t even wait for cash flow.
      I have friends who owns multiple homes and have the conviction that home prices won’t ever go down. So far, they have been proven smart and they for sure have the right to gloat over it.
      They are cash positive but if their home prices drop by 15% or so , say, they won’t hesitate to sell it.

      • Jack X says:

        Won’t hesitate to sell but will be unable to, greed is a terrible thing, why wait. If ya not prepared to hold down 50% plus you should’ve sold 6 months ago.

      • ru82 says:

        Do these 2nd/3rd homes sit empty, rented, AIRBNB?

        Did they pay cash or are they making payments on houses that just sit empty

        • Harrold says:

          I think they mostly sit empty. According to the Census, there are 16 million empty houses in the US.

        • Cas127 says:


          On a semi-related note, “normal” active listing inventory averages about 1.2 million in a given year.

          In 2021, it was between 400k and 500k (thus the goofy, post 1 million Covid dead, price spike – less than 50% of the normal inventory was available).

          With rates now up to 5.4%, inventories are back up to about 600k…before peak selling season.

          Once pandemic paranoia fades, for sale inventories will normalize.

          And that 16 million, negative cashflow heap o’empty houses, can surge active listing inventories in an instant.

        • jon says:

          It does not matter. Even if they are rented and producing positive cash flow, a lot of people just can’t see the value of their real estate holdings going down. They’d rather cut prices and sell it. This is true even more these days because of proliferation of media and real estate holding is a psychological process.

          The more gloom and doom stories you have ( as it is currently right ow, ) the more people want to get out.

      • Depth Charge says:

        There are now mass vacancies on vacation rentals, etc. A large part of the shortage of for sale inventory was due to the rapidly increasing prices. Who sells a house that’s increasing in value $10,000 per month, and faster than the loanowner’s actual income?

        All of these speculative shacks are going to hit the market en masse as soon as these greedy speculator scvm realize they’re depreciating $10,000 per month. The carnage is going to be unreal.

        And I am also expecting these same people to put the barely used pickup trucks and SUVs up for sale as well.

        • COWG says:

          “ And I am also expecting these same people to put the barely used pickup trucks and SUVs up for sale as well.”

          You can have my truck…

          When you pry my cold, dead hand from the gas pump nozzle….

    • Brant Lee says:

      I see home values dropping but not rents. I think most renters are trapped by increasing circumstances of ownership being well beyond their ability ever. Landlords won’t give in to lower rents unless they absolutely have to.

      • They will not have to lower rents until it becomes cheaper to buy than rent.

        Which is why the bad tax policy that encourages speculating in residential real estate has screwed people who need a house to live in and also those who want to rent.

        Yet nobody wants to change tax policy. They want to blame the FED, when really all they do is try to compensate for the bad policy coming from congress.

        The answer is to abolish the income tax, go to consumption taxes and remove inducements to speculate in residential housing.

        I discuss that in the link associated with my name above.

        • Augustus Frost says:

          Tax policy isn’t even close to the primary driver for either housing bubble 1 or housing bubble 2, this one.

          It’s primarily artificially cheap money and lax lending. I’ve read this sentiment here before (I think from you) and it’s totally wrong.

          Do the math yourself. The tax code didn’t change meaningfully since 2006 to benefit real estate. If anything, the major increase in the standard deduction in 2017 had the opposite effect for most taxpayers.

          Median house payment has increased something like $800/month in the last year from the combination of rising prices and higher mortgages. This increase dwarfs any tax benefit for most homeowners or prospective buyers.

        • Hi Augustus,

          Thanks for the reply.

          Real estate boom bust cycle has been going longer than since 2006.

          And I think tax policy is just a contributor to the effect.

          But if we change policy to make real estate speculation more expensive, would we not have less competition for houses people need to live in?

        • Kurtismayfield says:

          “They will not have to lower rents until it becomes cheaper to buy than rent.”

          Nope.. rents only go up as far as people can pay. When they can’t, they will double up/move in with family/etc. Rents are controlled by what people can afford.

        • Augustus Frost says:

          It’s a factor but not the primary factor.

          The point I was making is that there isn’t a material tax policy change that led to a lack of housing affordability or the two real estate bubbles. This equally means that reducing tax benefits for real estate alone wouldn’t make much of a difference.

          In my last post, I also forgot to mention the SALT cap. The combination of the SALT cap and the much higher standard deduction means that most homeowners either get no net tax benefit or it’s marginal. Even with higher home prices and higher interest rates, any incremental benefit after the $24K standard deduction is modest at best and it’s not much better for many higher income people due to the SALT cap.

          For investors, shorter depreciation schedules probably make the most difference, but it’s been 27 1/2 years to my knowledge for a long time. The $250k/$500K exemption isn’t available to them but doesn’t help homeowner occupants on the front-end anyway which matters most.

        • Seen it all before, Bob says:

          I don’t think tax policy is driving up house prices or rents..

          The 2017 Tax cut doubled the std deduction which greatly helped renters. They had more cash (24K per year) to burn.
          SALT cap hurt homeowners since they can’t deduct their state and property taxes. It should have driven RE prices down.

          Rental landlord deductions did change in 2017 and if your rental is a business, you can deduct a certain percentage of the rent collected. I don’t know the details on this but it benefited landlords and corporations that have properties as part of a business. This should have been passed on to tenants.

          I think rents went up because:

          1) Low interest rates cause higher prices. More people can afford a more expensive home. They purchased available rental property to live in. Including a couple of neighbors who are happily living in former rental properties to the dismay of the former renters who were thrown back into the limited rental pool.

          2) Limited investment options for ROI. Rental properties, stocks, and REITs that purchased a large amount of homes and rented them had a great ROI. They had to make a return after purchasing a former rental so they raised the rents. Safe treasuries and bank accounts did not have any ROI.

          3) The “Flipper” craze. If you are handy, and have some cash, invest in a fixer home and automatically make 20+% while the bubble was rising. That took away low priced un-gentrified rentals.

          4) The AirBnB craze. Short term rentals for fun and massive profit. That drove out long-term renters in some areas.

          5) The Covid migration out of cities with people buying up former suburban rental homes. I think Wolf stated that city rents have been flat.

          6) Rental property churn. Long-term landlords who had low mortgages and lower rents sold for a massive profit to new landlords who had to raise the rent to have an ROI.

      • The Real Tony says:

        Rents are always a lagging indicator. They always have been and always will be.

      • Augustus Frost says:

        When unemployment rises sufficiently and people can’t afford it, rents drop.

        Landlords who refuse to reduce rents will find themselves with high vacancies and negative cash flow as their renters move out and “double up”.

        • Cas127 says:


          Generally agree with you here, but 30% to 40% rent hikes over 1 or 2 pandemic years has me thinking other factors may be in play.

          (Also recently found out that 150 to 200 MSAs (out of 380) in the US lost population from 2010 to 2020…hardly conducive to soaring rent prices under normal supply/demand conditions).

          If national apt complex landlords are riding yield optimizer software hard, they might be willing to eat abnormally large vacancies under protection of abnormally high rent rates – see above.

          On tools like rent.com, etc. I’m seeing 75th percentile rent pricers apparently happy with dozens of vacancies…while 25th percentile pricers are utterly leased up.

          I agree that you can’t get blood from a stone…but they can try.

        • Cas127 says:


          All it takes for SFH speculation (and general inflation!!) to end is for DC to allow mortgage rates to rise from their money-printer-poisoned 2.6% to today’s marginally rational 5.4% to an honest-risk-adjusted 9%.

          The rapid 21% decline in mortgage applications (yr over yr) happened within 2-3 months of rates going to 5.4%

    • Gomp says:

      In last 24 hours, front range Colorado MLS shows new listings over 400. Price reductions (same period) 263. Seems to be accelerating every day.

      • Happy1 says:

        I’m also seeing price reductions in my metro Denver neighborhood, it looks like the peak was probably last month, there was no inventory here since about March 2020 and things were selling in days, now some homes sitting for weeks with reductions from the peak pricing of earlier this spring. Not dropping like a stone yet. One house sold a month ago for about 25% higher than any comp, and everyone rushed up to list at that number, but it appears to have been a weird outlier peak, nothing sold within 15% of that one sale. Really interesting to watch first hand. Homes have roughly tripled in value in our neighborhood since we bought in 2001.

        • I would say they tripled in price, not value.

          Value is the same, a house.

          I do think we should discourage investors from speculating in residential real estate.

          What would it take?

          Require payment in full at closing, no leverage, no borrowed money if corporation is buying?

          If not a corporation, 25% down on second house, 50% down on third house, 100% down for more than three?

          Requiring more capital should reduce competition for homes from people who do not plan to live in them.

          House flipping is not a value adding activity, it is a disease that merely extracts wealth while providing no value.

        • Cookdoggie says:

          It’s getting so hard to sell a house in my town that sellers now actually have to put up For Sale signs on the property.

    • Motorcycle Guy says:


      “When corporations can no longer find cheap and easy money, there will be a housing inventory glut.”

      Ten or fifteen years ago I was visiting an aunt in Pleasanton, CA (where I had attended high school). She had gotten her RE license just to have something to do.
      Pleasanton Valley homes were selling for a 800k and I asked her how the average couple could afford to buy there. She told me that when companies like People Soft transferred someone to the corporate office in town, the company bought the house for them to live in.

    • Augustus Frost says:

      All true

  8. Wisdom Seeker says:

    Wolf’s article provides another nail in the coffin for the 40-year bull market in bonds: “The average 30-year fixed mortgage rate … highest since 2009.”

    But it’s odd that the 30-yr mortgage rate is “highest since 2009” while benchmark Treasury Bond rates are still about 1% below 2009 rates. Typically the 30-year mortgage rate is about the 10-year Treasury rate plus a “spread” of about 1.5%. The current spread is unusually high, well over 2%. It’s the wide spread that’s pushing mortgage rates to “highest since 2009” ahead of Treasuries.

    Unfortunately, since 2000, “wide mortgage spreads” have only been seen in times of financial crisis (Spring 2020, Fall 2007-Spring 2009)…

    Alternatively, spreads could be wide not because of tight financial conditions, but because, in a time of rising interest rates, mortgages are now more likely to be held longer. During an era of falling rates, mortgages were often refinanced early at lower rates, so the loan was of a shorter duration for the lender, and they could offer a cheaper rate. With a rising rate trend, the effective duration of the mortgage loan will be larger, and lenders maybe want a higher return to make up for the risk of sustained inflation?

    • Wolf Richter says:

      I should do another piece on the spread between the 10-year yield and the 30-year mortgage rate. This is really interesting in a geeky kind of way.

      • Seen it all before, Bob says:

        I’m geeky and very interested! Thanks Wolf!

        Other than the late 70’s and early 80’s, have we had rapidly rising mortgage rates over multiple years? Please go back that far if possible.

        Homeowners, like my parents, made out very well in the late 70’s and early 80’s. 5% mortgage rate while earning 10+% in LT bank accounts.

        They didn’t have to move so they didn’t and had no incentive to pay down the mortgage. House prices were relatively flat compared to high inflation. They also had awesome COLA (6-8%) raises every year.

        Renters did OK also until the mid 80’s when rents skyrocketed.

        Of my HS class of the early 80’s, my friend’s parents who owned homes in S. CA are still there. My friend’s parents who rented are long gone.

      • Tbv3 says:

        Please do riff on the spread between 30-yr MBS vs. 10 Year T-notes.

        The proposal I heard 6 months ago was:

        Sell 30-Yr TBA MBS against Ten-year Notes in the belief that (even if you don’t know which way interest rates will go) you’ll make money shorting MBS against Notes because the Fed selling its MBS.

        FRED says the spread was tightest in April 2021 at 1.35.
        By January 2022 when I heard about it, the spread = 1.76.
        Now the spread = 2.33.

        So, the trade idea is working, but very slowly.

        It feels like everyone and their mother has it on.

    • Iona says:

      I heard an interview of a former money manager who theorized that the fed wants to make rates at the long end high but keep them low at the short end to reduce speculation while maintaining liquidity and not kill off good businesses.

      Might be some truth to it.

      • SocalJohn says:

        It would seem like they could do this via QT, which just began, so time will tell…

    • Bricks says:

      Spreads have also widened significantly in commercial real estate lending. CMBS is functioning but with wide spreads, the Debt Fund lenders, who have become a big part of commercial lending, have been doing much much lower volume the last 2 months.

    • Franz Beckenbauer says:

      “But it’s odd that the 30-yr mortgage rate is “highest since 2009” while benchmark Treasury Bond rates are still about 1% below 2009 rates”

      Mortgage rates are set by the market.

      Treasury yields are played around with by the Fed.

      It’s called “being behind the curve”.

      Wait until QT kicks in. You ain’t seen nothing yet.

    • Cas127 says:

      Uncertainty/risk/fear widens spreads.

      Everybody and their dog in the business knows that the Fed has been “crack dealer to the masses” for 20 years.

      Banks have re-priced mortgages quickly and blown out spreads to offset the fear of what happens now that the Fed starts cutting back on the interest-rate crack supply.

      The banks know madness is likely to come – near term price crashes (as buyer supply evaporates with higher rates), general macroeconomic mayhem, cats and dogs sleeping together, etc.

  9. Jack X says:

    Ok Wolf whatever.

    • SocalJohn says:

      I read that inventory was growing in Seattle. Is that wrong? If not, it is normally a leading indicator of market cooling. The stock thing will fade unless we revert to more monetary insanity.

  10. Erik says:

    In Seattle, houses are still selling, though not as fast. I don’t see any dark winters here tbh. A lot of cash buyers. Lots of RSU money has to flush through imo. Idk how long before it collapses. Perhaps it won’t when the Fed reverses course and the printing presses start firing again.

    • Seen it all before, Bob says:

      I agree, the outlier RSU company money has crashed but there are plenty more companies who haven’t crashed (yet).

      FYI, RSU’s are typically paid in lieu of a salary increase. Instead of a salary increase, you may be paid in stock that vests over the next 3-4 years. You take it and eat ramen on your current salary with no cash raise.

      If you received RSU’s in 2019/2020 (Vesting in 1,2,3,4 years), and the company stock is still up significantly since that time, you have no motivation to move this year.

      It is hard for companies to lure people away from other companies who have greatly appreciated RSUs since then.

      The stock market has to normalize away from Pandemic highs for this to happen. What company has appreciated 5-10X in 3 years? The worthless ones have crashed.

      If your company gave you 30K in RSU’s as a 3 year raise back in 2019, and now the company stock is up 5X, that is worth 150K. That is hard to walk away from and when vested, would provide a good down payment on a house.

      In many ways, this is a good retention program for employees during tough hiring times. However, it is likely costing the company more than they expected by giving stock instead of a cash raise back then. They have to buy back stock at an inflated price to pay their employees the RSUs committed.

      The old saying for startups is: “You can’t eat stock”. However, today, you can buy a house with it.

      • Harrold says:

        The Tech companies have crashed though. Those RSU issued at $30k are now only worth $3k in many cases.

        • Seen it all before, Bob says:

          As Wolf pointed out, many profitless tech companies have crashed.

          I work with profitable tech companies who have not crashed yet….. They are still up 2-3X from 2019. These companies are probably not worth 2-3X more than 2019. (Look at Nvidia, AMD, Apple, Microsoft, )

          We are still early. All it will take is one bad quarter to send these company’s stocks plummeting. Just like in 2001.

    • The Real Tony says:

      All the money funneled out of Vancouver, Canada and into Seattle Washington on April 20th 2017. I told everyone buy all the homes with 8’s in them. Don’t buy homes with 4’s in them. Buy every house you can get near elementary schools all the corner lot homes closest to the elementary schools. Anyone who listened to me and bought next-door or directly across the street from the elementary schools would have tripled their money.

      • Bobber says:

        The last place I would want to live is near an elementary school. The traffic before and after school is ridiculous. At a school near my house, people can’t even get out of their driveways at certain times because the cars are backed up.

        • Double Bluff says:

          Mormons build their churches as close as they can get to the local elementary school.

        • Harrold says:

          Watching your little ones walk to school from the kitchen window is worth a lot of money to some people.

    • SocalJohn says:

      I read that inventory was growing in Seattle. Is that wrong? If not, it is normally a leading indicator of market cooling. The stock thing will fade unless we revert to more monetary insanity.

    • Augustus Frost says:

      FRB has about 30 points on the DXY if they decide to restart QE. They might be nuts enough to do it again when financial conditions tighten meaningfully and markets really start to crack.

  11. Poor like you says:

    Soft-ish landing my ass.

    • Jack X says:

      He still says landing don’t he, yet people say prices will never fall, landing means down down down, with so many speculators it will be the hardest landing ever, the Fed can’t go back either with inflation soon to be 10% & people raging. I mean to say “landing” is a big deal for the Fed, do people think they’ll say it’s gonna collapse? 2007 they didn’t even admit prices will crash while already falling.

      • Gomp says:

        I think Flippers are now working 24 hour shifts to finish their flip. I would be “flipping out” to finish asap.

    • Happy1 says:

      Japan is still landing from its peak in 1989.

  12. Brent says:

    I have nagging suspicion that nothing will pop – ever.Because house prices aka principal does not matter (just like $30T US Gov Debt).Nobody in his right mind plans or tries to repay it. Pay interest only then flip it to the bigger sucker or live in for free as long as you can.

    Out of 10 biggest mortgage originators 7 are non – banks but quasi-gov entities.

    Banks which STILL write mortgages dump them ASAP as hot potatoes.

    The question is: who’s financially pressed to evict “homeowners” when they don’t feel like paying off their >$500K crapshacks ? Auntie Yellen, Uncle Jerome ? They could not care less…

    Also if RE bubble starts deflating how our retired Sacred Cows (cops, teachers, firefighters) will continue to draw their $200K pensions funded mainly by property taxes ?

    Found the website for you, Doubting Dorothies:

    transparentcalifornia dot com slash pensions slash all slash

    $200K pension sounds like f… peanuts.Honor Roll begins with a $1.5M pension drawn by former cop.

    • Phoenix_Ikki says:

      Just wow in your reply…I think my brain broke a little just from reading this..

      • Brent says:

        I have an article in my scrapbook dated 2010.One guy “bought” a home sweet home with NINJA loan which was quite popular in 2005-06.

        After 5 years of almost free living (interest only) he sent a jingle mail and assumed it was the end of it, since his state was “no-recourse”

        Well, his former state hounded him down in another state and garnished his wages for unpaid PROPERTY TAXES !

        IMHO that’s the deep meaning of RE bubbles.Fed Gov inflates bubbles so that increased property taxes cover State Gov fat salaries and even fatter pensions.

        Because if Feds take over bankrupt state retirement funds no f… way they will keep paying $1.5M pensions of retired CA cops.

    • Escierto says:

      What planet are you living on?
      Average Texas teacher’s pension: $24,921
      Average Texas police and fire pension: $47,000.

      • Wisdom Seeker says:

        California isn’t Texas, and averages are misleading because many people don’t stick it out to properly milk their pension system.

        Pension spiking based on overly-generous formulas is a financial art form, not so different from creating cryptocurrencies, private equity shenanigans, or overhyped IPOs…

      • El Katz says:

        He lives on the planet California.

        I knew a couple (worked with the wife)… he was a statie in CA…. “retired” from CA after 20 years, with a vested pension and then went to be a cop in Huntington Beach and worked long enough to get a second pension. The trick is that they “pack” overtime and raises in the last year that has some kind of effect on the overall pension amount. Plus COLA.

        They have a mountain ski house (Mammoth). A beach house (Huntington Beach). A motor home for their trips to AZ towing their ski boat. Everything is top notch.

        As a patrolman. Not a captain. Not a chief. A patrolman.

        • Brent says:

          I live on the next best planet – IlliNoise.

          It appears that our planet learned a lot from your planet 😀

        • ru82 says:

          I always wondered why state workers (not sure about Gov) get to retire after 20 or 30 years and start receiving a pension when the rest of us smucks have to wait until 65 or longer.

        • Harrold says:

          They have unions who negotiate on their behalf.

        • SimpleLife says:

          To ru82. I’m a federal officer and can help with your question. The pension and health benefits are a recruiting tool, as long as the retirement age based on year of birth. Starting salaries are very low relatively speaking. There is matching 401k for first 5%, but we also pay in towards our pension. The government promotes a three-legged stool of pension (now only about 30% of average high three salary for most), TSP 401k, and social security. I’ve never received stock options, sporting event tix, and have to refuse even a dinner invitation from private firms due to any potential conflict of interest. I also have to submit to a background investigation every five years to demonstrate good standing with financial and personal relationships. Though the pay eventually catches up to provide a comfortable life, you never get rich as a federal employee, so the trade off is early (ish) retirement.

      • jon says:

        My friend in CA retired as a high school teacher with a pension of $100K. He owns a 2 million dollar home, has a RV/Bus, paid $550K to roam around :-)

        • David G LA says:

          Plus they get gold plated medical, Rx and dental for life. Shhesh…

        • Bay Watch says:

          Don’t overlook the pay and benefits of lifeguards in California. Also, if cops scam the state by claiming a disability when they retire. This means their pension payments are exempt from state income taxes.

      • Ross says:

        Oy Vey
        How much does a Public School Teacher make in Texas? The average Public School Teacher salary in Texas is $53,853 as of May 27, 2022, but the range typically falls between $44,980 and $65,661. Salary ranges can vary widely depending on the city and many other important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession.


        • Ross says:

          Sorry Wolf, forgot about the link thing.

        • Brent says:

          What about school principal’s salaries ?

          It is no secret that at schools and especially institutions of higher learning non-teaching administrators grossly outnumber those who teach.

        • Phil says:

          It’s not a secret, it’s false. The ratio of staff to admin in public primary and secondary schools is higher than any other industry in the US, (@13:1 employees to admin.) For example, the ratio in government/public admin is more like 3:1.

        • Harrold says:

          Texas teachers also do not pay into Social Security or Medicare, so they will not have that when they retire.

      • Happy1 says:

        TX doesn’t have a massive pension problem generally. CA, IL, NJ, and weirdly, KY do though.

    • TimmyOToole says:

      Brent, does that pension mean total $$ given to person per year, or just total $$ to be disbursed to them? Thanks

      • Staunton16 says:

        Pension amounts are usually always given per year.

      • Brent says:


        But… in my first comment I used a loophole 😀

        Substitute . for dot and / for slash and see for yourself.

        Top 20 are drawing >$1.5M YEARLY

        If you click Heroes’ names there are additional entries like additional lump sum payment ( another $1.5M, sort of retirement gift ?)


    • Augustus Frost says:

      Let me see.

      It’s different this time, right?

      There really is something for nothing?

      The US is exempt from the economic reality which applies to everyone else, both now and since the beginning of civilization?

      The answer to your question on pensions is that they won’t, not in the same purchasing power.

      • Brent says:

        As much as I want to believe an old wisdom7 that it’s not gonna be different THIS time – I am awestruck and deeply amazed by the craftiness of Financial Devils.

        Ross Perot in 1992 made polite noises about balancing Fed budget…

        Then Paul Krugman proclaimed “Deficits dont matter !”

        And it is onward & upward since then, with no end in sight…

        • Old Ghost says:

          Brent wrote: “Then Paul Krugman proclaimed “Deficits dont matter !”

          Wrong. If Krugman did say it, he was just repeating talking points from others.

          “Reagan proved that deficits don’t matter,” Vice President Dick Cheney said when the Bush administration sought a second round of tax cuts …”

          Cheney’s sidekick is also reported to have said ” “Stop throwing the Constitution in my face,” Bush screamed back. “It’s just a goddamned piece of paper!”

          You all might want to keep this in mind, it is what the .01% think when talking up stuff like “mandates” that might restrict what they want to do.

        • Augustus Frost says:

          In theory, it’s “onward and upward” until the USD FX rate starts crashing. This is the ultimate limitation on what you are describing, and the US isn’t any different than anyone else.

          In the real world, it’s also based upon psychology. Look at the performance of the major asset classes in other major economies. The only universal mania since the late 90’s is bonds, credit and debt. This is the “mother of all bubbles” (reflective of currency expansion) and without it, the other bubbles have no oxygen and die.

          In a highly leveraged financial system, no government or central bank can keep the financial markets and asset values from collapsing. They can only reflate after the bust, as they can’t act fast enough to prevent it.

          In Japan, it’s been over 30 years and stock prices are lower. Real estate, I don’t know but at most only somewhat higher in most of the country. In Europe, the credit bubble didn’t reflate the stock market, though recently some markets have exceeded the 1999 and 2007 highs, nominally. Real estate is somewhat in a bubble in the sense of recent appreciation. China has a massive real estate bubble, but stock prices are off by more than half from the 2007 peak. Credit has expanded by a factor of something like 5X.

          The point is, it’s not a mechanical process with a guarantee that the money will go where we think.

        • Brent says:

          @Old Ghost

          “Important political fact, which is that whatever you would do with the deficit, the public won’t notice. In 1996, a majority of Republicans thought that the deficit had increased under Clinton, even though we had in fact been on an incredible run. So no, I mean, the deficit doesn’t matter. The economy matters. And that’s why somehow or other, Obama has got to get jobs being created.”

          Paul Krugman, “This Week with George Stephanopoulos” show, Nov 29, 2009, ABC transcript.

    • SoCalBeachDude says:

      Don’t you realize that almost 50% of the US government debt of $30 trillion matures each year and has to be and is repaid in full and that new US Treasuries have to be issued to float the total debt again at whatever the prevailing yields (interest rates) are?

  13. Nunya says:


    You stated “Only a small percentage of Americans own any significant amount of equities…….”

    That is misleading. A decent amount of Americans own lots of equities INDIRECTLY through their 401k funds/annuities/pension plans/etc. These are ETFs, mutual funds, Target Date Funds, etc. The 401k plan at my current employer offers about 10 different types of mutual funds that are not index funds and only 2 of them did not have Facebook/Amazon/Microsoft on of their top 25 holdings.

    • Ryan S says:

      It’s not misleading when understood as a percentage of total stock value. 2019 data from the Federal Reserve shows that 70% of all stock value is owned by the top 10% of income earners. The bottom 60% of earners only own 7.3% of total stock value. The 60-80 and 80-90 percentiles own another 11% and 12%, respectively. A stock market crash does not impact the vast majority of American households directly. The Fed data includes both direct and indirect stock ownership.

      Also, far fewer Americans have employer based retirement plans than you seem to think.

    • Wolf Richter says:


      The bottom 50% of households in terms of wealth hold essentially zero stocks, directly or indirectly. Their major “wealth” are durable goods (cars, phones, etc.) and small amounts of home equity.

      The next 40% (to round of the bottom 90%) hold very modest amounts of equities.

      Most of the equities are held by the top 10%.


      • Oji says:

        Yes, from a $ standpoint, but that’s a narrow way of looking at it. Marginal utility matters a great deal.

        For that 50-90% bracket, for instance, losing money on their investments has an outsized financial impact on their lives compared to the top 1%– even if the top1% lose far more in $-terms.

        There’s a psychosocial component as well, but that’s another discussion.

        • SoCalBeachDude says:

          Were they somehow incapable of reading the stock prospectus of any stock or fund they ever bought which clearly states THERE IS A RISK OF 100% LOSS IN EQUITIES (stocks)?

      • ru82 says:

        Good chart.

        About a year ago I came across a chart that had the cumulative bailouts (TARP, COVID, etc) plus the QE added together since 2009 and it was between to 25 trillion to 30 trillion. Anyway, this would have been the equivalent to handing out $80k to every person in the U.S. which would also be about $210k per family. Instead, it mostly all went to the top 1%.

        IMHO. That is partly why we did not see inflation during many of the early bailouts. One person can only wear at one time on shirt, pants, and shoes at one time and can only eat 3 meals a day. They can only buy so many kitchen tables, lazy boy chairs, or bicycles. They can own several cars but they can only drive one at a time. You get the point.

        So those kind of things did not go up in price. It is the things that were rare, like collectibles, land, etc that were going up faster than inflation as the top 1% were chasing those items over the past 13 years. Finally when the Government started to give everyone some money and forebear their debt, inflation eventually took off as supply could not keep up with this new pent up demand with free money.

        There is all this talk about supply chain issues (which there are), but somehow China had an all time trade surplus record in 2021 and after 5 months this year, China is ahead of last year. Looks like the supply issues is because they cannot increase production fast enough?

        People talk about a shortage of chips, but the chip makers are setting records on how many chips they produced and sold. Also you read about a shortage of truck drivers but there more truck driver on the road than ever in any other past years. Part of the inflation issue is certainly demand.

        Just try to book a hotel on the beach this year or last. People are paying record prices.

        Crazy. Hopefully higher interest rates will cool things off.

      • Happy1 says:

        It’s true that stock ownership is very heavily weighted to the 1% and even more to the 0.1%.

        But a 50% decline hits people lower down the economic scale much harder. A billionaire with 50% lower net worth will have no appreciable change in lifestyle. A 60 year old aiming for retirement on a portfolio of a million or so is looking at 5 extra years of work. And the 30 year old working for the company propped up by speculation in stocks is unemployed in that scenario, so stock ownership is only part of the equation.

      • Poor like you says:

        “Their major “wealth” are durable goods (cars, phones, etc.)…”

        The slowest of depreciating assets ;P

  14. DawnsEarlyLight says:

    And what about the poor government property tax income, when property values plummet! /s

  15. Randy says:

    Well it’s not happening in beach towns like westerly RI or margate NJ or South Florida like Boca Or Delray Beach. In fact still multiple offers and prices still sky high. Higher rates in luxury vacation markets aren’t having any effect. All cash buyers.

    • SocalJohn says:

      You’ve discovered a correlation between learning disability and coastal living. Excellent work!

    • ru82 says:

      A few months ago I was in Orlando at a Disney resort and started talking to a home remodeler from Miami. He was telling me 80% of the work he has been doing the past 2 years has been for people moving from New York. They had money flowing out of their pockets. Tearing down $1 million dollar homes and building $3 million dollar homes. Tearing down $4 million dollar homes and building / renovating them into $10 million. He said he has a rental and 3 years ago he rented it for around $2k and now he rents it for $3.9k.

      He was traveling with a buddy who did not believe he was renting his rental house for almost $4k as this guy lived on the same block but had not been checking out current rents. We went online to several places that rent homes in Miami and sure enough, the going rate was about $3.7k to $4.5k.

      The buddy said holy cow, I am going to rent out my home as my payment is only $1500 and I will make bank and pocket $25k to $30k a year. But then the remodeler said….where are you going move your family to live? You will not be able to afford to buy in the your neighborhood or Miami anymore. You would have to move to the Midwest. LOL

    • TheFalcon says:

      Randy these are early days. Coastal RE will not be immune.
      San Diego 1990-1995 and 2007-2012

    • Doug says:

      You do realize real estate is lagging compared to the stock market? Are you expecting demand and prices to fall off a cliff overnight? Or are just a realtor?

    • ManDarino says:

      Its happening in Florida. Everyone is slashing prices by 10%, tons of inventory flooding the market. Things are starting to sit.

  16. TK says:

    My 1st mortgage, way back in the 80s, had a high rate of interest. So we bought what made sense and paid down principle as fast as possible. We started from the premise- let’s not get too much house and worry about the loan. Today they start with how much monthly payment can I get? Even car dealerships start with negotiating the payment. We have lost our way and deserve what we get. My Grandfather used to say – we need a good old fashioned recession. I’d like to rates go up to reflect risk. Maybe T bonds would yield more. Maybe even keep up with the cost of living?

  17. David Hall says:

    The number of unsold home listings (not pending or contingent) on realtor(.)com in my SW Florida county hit bottom in mid-January and has almost doubled since then. I kept an inventory file on my iPad.

    My HOA fees are supposed to go up $26 dollars/mo next year. The country club and golf course lost money during the pandemic. They dipped into the reserves to cover it.

    • David Hall says:

      “Florida rent increases top the nation…” – Palm Beach Post, June 8

      “Central Floridians find themselves facing huge rent increases of 20% to 40% over what they currently pay.” Orlando, May 9

    • Wisdom Seeker says:

      You want to compare against year-ago data. There’s a lot of seasonality. In many markets, listings normally hit bottom in the winter (fewer sellers during the school year, fewer buyers needing to move). So they can rise in advance of the “spring selling season” just from normal market dynamics.

  18. Not Sure says:

    “Only a small percentage of Americans own any significant amount of equities, but that doesn’t matter”

    True, but about half of Americans own stock (often through 401Ks), and a bunch of them are in the middle class. They may not hold a lot of the stock market’s value, but individually, their 401K matters a lot to them and many of them watch that 401K like a hawk. When both stocks and bonds are selling off, there’s not really any investment vehicle that provides a good hiding spot. Cash is an uncomfortable place to be with 8%+ inflation, but it’s beating the stock indexes and it’s vastly better than the 50%, 70%, 90% drops in tech stocks and cryptos.

    As those 401K balances get hit by weak stocks and bond funds while house prices are under attack by monetary policy, property owners may start feeling the burn of carrying costs without that sweet unsustainable price growth. It’s certainly not unreasonable to imagine that RE investors from individuals on up to larger institutional buyers could get spooked into selling investment properties rather than dealing with the pitfalls of being a landlord or being eaten alive by carrying costs.

    • Gomp says:

      Incoming. A Gaggle of black swans!

    • Seen it all before, Bob says:

      The stock and housing market is driven by fear or greed.

      It has been driven by greed.

      In order for a soft landing, the Fed has to avoid extreme fear in any market.

    • Augustus Frost says:

      Unlike homeowners, institutional investors have no emotional attachment and won’t hesitate to sell to beat the rush. They won’t list at ridiculously optimistic prices either, most of them anyway.

    • Happy1 says:

      Yes, middle class stock ownership is a small fraction of overall wealth, but a very important part of middle class fungible assests, as the bulk of middle class net worth is typically the primary home, which you can borrow against but not sell for retirement unless you are doing the geographic arbitrage thing.

    • Seen it all before, Bob says:

      “True, but about half of Americans own stock (often through 401Ks), and a bunch of them are in the middle class. ”

      This was the same in 2001 and 2008. It did postpone retirement for some. It wiped out people who were speculating in stocks or houses.
      It wiped out people who overpaid for a house and then lost it all when they lost their jobs with no cash buffer. I believe history does repeat itself.

      Most people I know who were diversified, rode it out. They had enough cash to wait for their stocks to recover. Inflation is a long term retirement killer. IMHO, the Fed and politicians won’t let retired Boomers slowly starve (They vote too often). At least many Boomers will have already paid off their mortgages by retirement age.

      In 2001, I saw many in their 30’s and 40’s who purchased expensive houses, RVs, bling cars, and planned to retire early based on their tech stock portfolio. Most are still working now after the crash wiped out this dream. They counted their chickens before they were hatched.

      As Wolf pointed out, this is happening again.

  19. Digger Dave says:

    I live in a really cheap and rural area. I bought a house about 10 years ago for $80k that I didn’t have to do much to in order to fix it up and rented out for a few years. It was coincidentally on the market in late 2019 going into early 2020 before the pandemic hit. It went under agreement for $120k in February of 2020. Everyone (not me) was freaking out about the end of the world. My agent was panicking that the buyer would back out. I was happy with the $40k gain. I’m a don’t get greedy kind of person. I bought four houses after the 2008 recession all around the same price and this was the third of them that I sold (I still own the fourth and have turned the gains on the other three into higher ROI multifamilies). Well fast forward 2 years. The woman I sold that house to has also done nothing to it and just sold it for $170k. It took me seven years and several tenants to see $40k after buying at the bottom of the market. It took this woman two years to see $50k after buying in an inflated market. This is just insane. Population growth has flatlined and real incomes are dropping. Yet prices are still holding steady. I just feel like there’s got to be some breaking point where things fall back to reality – something that everyone is not seeing. But maybe not. Who knows?

    • Depth Charge says:

      Ask pretty much any long term owner if they could afford to buy their house at the current price and the answer is a resounding “NO.” That’s all you need to know to figure out where this is going.

    • cresus says:

      The biggest, fastest gains are just at the end of a move. That’s the nature of log functions.
      But remember also that the biggest loss is immediately after that point.
      And the tippy top is a real b.tch to find, especially in real estate.
      She could have been on the losing end just by a few weeks/a missed closing etc….
      You made a profit, be happy.
      Also you will be the one with the biggest profit of all: owning fixed rate leveraged cash flowing real estate in a rising inflation. Nothing beats that. It’s virtually tax free.

  20. Boomer says:

    Why is it that historic interest comparisons only start in the 2000’s in these threads? Before 2000 we thought we were doing great getting mortgage rates under 7% and those rates were near 30 year lows. I remember my parents had a 30 year loan at an unbelievable (to me) 3.x rate taken out in the ’50’s. The bank was begging them to pay it off because they didn’t want it on the books anymore. Mortgage rates can’t go higher? That 350k house has added hundreds to the monthly 30 year payment in the last few months, pity the FOMO recent buyers if they do.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      How about starting at Adam and Eve? This is not a history website. Occasionally I post a long-term chart when it’s important for some reason. And you can see them when you go to those articles. So if you read my articles you will see them go back decades when I do talk about history.

      But you lose all the current detail. Four months are just one dot. Or a year is just one dot. And that’s the trade-off. And so normally a few years are enough.

  21. Beardawg says:

    in support of the commenters who feel we will see more of a leveling in housing prices (in general) – though some markets would see modest dips, don’t underestimate the power of your elected leaders and / or the Fed to auto-smooth any potential pain.

    I mean, we can’t have corporate mega-buyers as well as Jo-Bag-o-Donuts facing foreclosure now – can we? Instead, we will have the 8% APR perpetual mortgage. You bought that 3rd vacation house in 2022 at 8% APR and you are over-leveraged now? No worries, we will enact legislation which forces Freddie and Fannie (and all lenders, private or public) to refi your TERM from 30 years to 100, thereby reducing your monthly payment by 50% – no need for foreclosure you mean lenders !!

    There – prices stabilize, people can get 100 year mortgages for any budget and all is good again in Fiat-land !!

    • Wolf Richter says:

      I think you still underestimate the power of this inflation — and what it will take to get it under control. We will have much higher rates for much longer. Prices may “stabilize” like they did in 2006, if you remember, but as long as inflation is raging, the Fed won’t bail out the housing market.

    • TimTN says:

      I was thinking along same lines, politically it wouldn’t be good to have a repeat of 2007. If it got real serious, since Fannie owns most loans just do a pause like the student loans currently.

      • Whatsmynameagain says:

        Politically it depends who’s in office. If the white house and Congress are controlled by a single party then they’ll do whatever they can to avoid such repeats. But votes follow the economy, so if there’s something to be gained from a major crash, the party that can benefit will almost certainly let it happen and then point fingers. Although I’m sure they’ll find ways to cushion the blow for their biggest donors.

    • Wisdom Seeker says:

      Actually, at 8% rates, stretching the term from 30 years to 100 years only cuts the monthly payment by 10% or so. Term extension only delivers significant payment reductions on low-rate loans (<5%).

    • SocalJohn says:

      Only thing that matters is spooking the herd. Once they’re scared they will switch direction. Remember, the Fed was throwing lots of fuel on the herd when prices continued to fall last time, and it still took years to arrest the decline. The herd doesn’t turn easily. This time it will be hard or maybe even impossible for the Fed to intervene since they’ve got a bigger fish to fry.

      • Iona says:

        And we’re likely heading towards a liquidity crunch, as indicated by the dollar strength. Layoffs will add to the cash crunch and people will sell there extra properties. Not even potato Joe will want to bail out Airbnb gurus. I could see protection for primary residence but it also might come very late if at all given the rabid inflation we are dealing with

    • Augustus Frost says:

      You’ve mentioned you are a landlord in the past and your posts reflect it.

      Keep on believing what you do because it isn’t accurate.

    • Depth Charge says:

      Another overlevered speculator planning on a bailout. YAWN.

  22. unamused says:

    I’ve been watching “Bargain Block” on HGTV:

    ‘The new season of “Bargain Block” will reflect some of the impact of soaring prices in the housing market. “For this season, our prices range from $85,000 to about $150,000, which is higher than normal, but we did do some bigger houses,” says Bynum. That’s compared with roughly $70,000 to $100,000 in the first season.’

    There ya go. Just get a nice desk job in Accounting with General Motors in the Renaissance Center with a nice view of Windsor and you’re styling. These guys take a pride in their renovations, so they’re very nice houses after they’re done. On the weekends you can go Up North with everybody else, even if your crappy cottage did cost more than your primary residence.

    As for the machinations and gyrations in the US residential real estate market (a tribute to the Sacred Independence of the Federal Reserve, meaning they can do whatever they please without accountability from anyone, and very profitably at that), I’m just glad that they can’t blame any of it on me. I make a perfectly lousy scapegoat anyway.

    That said, I’m turning up the Somebody Else’s Problem field to ‘Hi’, so you guys are on your own.

  23. Gabby Cat says:

    Went to visit builders, again, in central Ohio. Great news – we can lock you in at the current prices and rate for one year. Just like 2019! We can finish the house under 6 months and we have many lots available. All things we could not say a year ago. If you build with us again we will give you 1% of the base price toward upgrades and if you use our preferred lender we can give you up to 4K in closing cost. Same house builder for same house over the years:

    2018 – Fully Finished Basement, 4 Bedrooms, 3 Bathrooms, 3k Square Feet, 3 Car Garage, Craftsman Style Front and Back Porches on .3 Acre = 350K @ 3.9% fixed FHA 30 year mortgage. Must have 7% down. Returning Builder received 5K toward closing and 4% (from base price) free in upgrades. Welcome home package included free installed top tier appliance, designer sturdy 3 inch blinds, and top tier landscaping. Finished in 6 months guaranteed.

    Community close to downtown, near world famous zoo, community pool in subdivision, multiple playgrounds in community, and access to main river and two lakes.

    2022- Can deliver same house on same lot with no finished basement (lose 500 square feet). 600K @ 7% fixed FHA 30 year mortgage. Must have 7% down. Returning Builder receives 4K toward closing and 1% (from base price) in free upgrades. Welcome home package included tier one appliances, no blinds, and tier 1 landscaping. Finished in 6-9 months.

    Community close to downtown, near world famous zoo, community pool in subdivision, multiple playgrounds in community, and access to main river and two lakes.

    2021- Wait time to make appointment with sales department 4 months.

    Today, walk in. Staring to promise incentives again, but nothing like before.

    2018 Monthly Payment = $1527.68 Principle, Interest, and PMI only

    2022 Monthly Payment = $3944.89 Principle, Interest, and PMI only

    Taxes = 2% County Adjusted Worth = $900 month. HOA $125 a month.

    Current clientele household income gross is between $120K to $190K a year. After taxes that is between $6K and $9.5K a month to spend on mortgage, cars, student loans and normal monthly expenses.

    I know one of the sales people, cousin, who said all applications dried up seemingly overnight. Over 30% cancelling contracts during builds. The ones that are able to buy at this rate are multi-family applicants with a total of 4 full time employees working. They have a few people that pulled out stock proceeds to pay for cash, but they make up less then 1% of the clientele. The sad part is this house is not built with two masters.

    Something will give soon. It’s how the market responds this time!

  24. Capitalist says:

    A house in our area was priced at 1.3M (overpriced by at least 30%) and it got sold for 1.9M. The house went into contract in March. I cannot wrap my head around this. Where are people getting all this money? Is there some fraud happening? I feel that all sense of sanity has been lost in the housing market.

    • SocalJohn says:

      I agree with your thoughts. All I can offer is that this behaviour is the very essence of a bubble. I am amazed that so many people cannot see it.

    • SnotFroth says:

      With a wink and smirk, central bankers around the world calibrated conditions so that the financial system became a well-spring, and money sprang forth, collecting in pools both seen and unseen. The smart money went into hard assets, the “dumb money” is those born after them, I guess.

  25. unamused says:

    Chaos creates opportunity. But try telling that to Ozymandias.

    The US certainly does have a lot of problems, but they’re not nearly so severe as they’re going to be when The Recession deepens after the Regime Change in a few months. I’d post a timeline of how things Go Down from here over the next several years, and explain the why of it elsewhere, but it really wouldn’t help you, it would only make you depressed and anxious, and I’ve pretty much worn out my welcome anyway. As the Tralfamadorians would say, So it goes.

    “All the perplexities, confusion and distress in America rise, not from defects in the Constitution or Confederation, not from want of honor or virtue, so much as from downright ignorance of the nature of coin, credit, and circulation.”

    – John Adams

    “Whoever controls the volume of money in our country is absolute master of all industry and commerce … and when you realize that the entire system is very easily controlled, one way or another, by a few powerful men at the top, you will not have to be told how periods of inflation and depression originate.”

    – James A. Garfield

    “All things must pass.”

    – George Harrison.

  26. Ernest says:


    Sorry this is way off topic, but I remember you last year talking about writing an article about how Janet Yellen was far more hawkish than anyone remembered. Any plans on still writing it or is it gone for good? Was very interested in reading it. Thanks for all the great content!

    • Wolf Richter says:

      I don’t remember I said I would write about it. It’s history, and I don’t cover history. But I did say in the comments a bunch of times that she was the one that started the rate hikes and QT. Powell just continued them and then stopped them, and then U-turned.

  27. SocalJimObjects says:

    In my neck of the woods, mortgage apps have soared by 1000%. People will pay anything to live near SocalJim.

    “Consumers’ expectations that their personal financial situations will worsen over the next year reached an all-time high in the May survey, and they expressed greater concern about job security,” according to Fannie Mae’s report.

    Expect the next retail sales report to be BLOCKBUSTER.

  28. NotDeadYet says:

    All part of the roller coaster ride… I’ve been on it now for 50 years. We’ll see how this leg of the run turns out. Regardless of what happens, one thing is certain: There will be opportunity for those who are smart enough to see it.

  29. Seattle Guy says:

    I finance investors….As a mortgage guy. The Seattle market has 4 major hard money lenders that do hard money loans 10% down x 6 – 8 months x 12% int only – for house-rehab flippers.

    More and more calls from investors with listed – unsold rehabbed homes….now looking for long-term rental No-Doc loans to bail them out – cause they have not sold. Not too many calls on new projects – Now those hard money loans balloon balances are due and the accelerated rate is 24% and they pay extension fees.

    I will not work on loans for homes listed as they get sold and I wasted my time, or I have to pay the investor that buys the loan an E.P.O. – early payoff penalty if it is sold within 6 months after closing. The pain is starting.

    After 40 years in this racket – it is time to quit. Started with Paul Volker and 13% FHA/VA fixed and ended with Powell. Now to find a 3rd world country where my Social Security will cover cat food from Dollar Tree.

    • Phoenix_Ikki says:

      This is the kind of stuff I love to hear and I hope these flippers get shaft hard, I have negative adjusted rate sympathy for them waiting.

      I hope this kind of stuff is happening to SoCal flippers investors as well

    • cresus says:

      24%, OMG. Nobody can survive long with that.
      You do the leg breaking too or you outsource it?

    • Anthony A. says:

      Seattle Guy……It’s now $2Dollar Tree….

  30. SoCalBeachDude says:

    There are going to be a lot of folks out there asking ‘WHAT HAPPENED?’ as this fun and interesting year progresses into summer and towards Fall!

  31. ru82 says:

    Over the past couple of years, I have come across a lot of these turnkey real estate companies. Most require you to invest at least $25k and then they pool the money and buy homes to rent. If is is a really hot market they will flip.

    One I came across promised 12% return YOY for 2 years on a $50k investment with the possibility of 16%.

    I just got a flyer or email from another one of these turnkey companies saying you can start with investing in real estate with them for as little as $100.

    I have a feeling these are also a lot of the cash buyers?

    These small crowdsourcing type of real estate companies my be the canary in the cold mine if they start to go under?

    Just google turnkey real estate investing and you will get hundreds of results.

  32. Anthony says:

    I wonder what would happen if there was a long drought in Southern California and its effect on house prices. We know over the last 300 years, California has been very wet but climates change.. Sadly, we cannot compare any present drought to the 100 year drought of the 1600s, as we would have to wait another 97 years to find out. It could happen, though…but who knows…after all, who needs water….

    • SocalJimObjects says:

      Everyone should really read the following article from the New York Times “As the Great Salt Lake Dries Up, Utah Faces An ‘Environmental Nuclear Bomb’”.

      A lot of people seem to be under the delusion that this decade will be similar to the last decade. It won’t.

      • Happy1 says:

        I’m a UT native and old enough to remember when the Great Salt Lake was overflowing and the state built pumps in the west desert to pump the lake level down so the airport wouldn’t flood. And before that in early 60s the lake reached its last all time low. Agriculture use is the key water use issue there, as it is everywhere in the west. My inner skeptic says the publishing of this article may signal an upcoming wet cycle there.

        • Harrold says:

          Those coal plants in Utah consume a lot of water

        • 4th gen Utahn says:

          I live 3 miles from what used to be the Great Salt Lake and only survive the pollution by literally buying out CVS’s Actifed supply. It only gets worse from here.

          I was out at Saltair last Wednesday. There is NO LAKE LEFT! Just mile after mile of barren salt flats waiting to blow in the wind.

          Considering that SLC was for several days last year the most polluted city ANYWHERE on the planet and now with the Great Salt Lake becoming the Great Salt Flats and the addition of diesel pollution from the Inland Port the State forced on us locals one wonders when the tide of in-migration turns to out-migration as no one can stay healthy here.

          Then there is the smoke from fires everywhere else in the West. It is only mid June and I could not see Bear Lake from the overlook due to out-of-state smoke.

          Then there are the earthquakes.

          When discussing real estate prices in the future one should consider the environmental conditions. Can LV or Phoenix live with no Colorado River water? What about increased heat? What about unreliable power supplies?

          There is a reason Intel chose Ohio for their plant. Low housing costs (with a static population there have to be out-migration areas with low housing), a very dependable water and power supply, etc.

          Perhaps the old rust belt will become the new destination area as the current destination areas become uninhabitable.

      • David Hall says:

        Tucson made desert landscaped yards mandatory decades ago. They are not allowed to water grass. There is gravel, ocotillo, prickly pear, mesquite and palo verde. Tumbleweed grew in rural areas.

        • Harvey Mushman says:

          Probably a couple rattle snakes to complete the desert landscaped yards!

        • Arizona Slim says:

          Tucsonan here. You can have a grass lawn here if you want one. Trouble is, those lawns are too freakin’ expensive to water.

          Yours Truly has never had a lawn. Instead, I use xeriscape principles in my yard.

      • phleep says:

        Just saw an LA Times article on the resort CA coastal town Cambria drying up. Cutest little town you ever saw. Groundwater was over-drawn, salt water is leaching in. So many folks in California found their dream spot, only to find it is in an extremely precarious environment, water and fire-wise. (Exhibit A: the town of Paradise, that became the opposite of that.) That risk is moving closer to where some of my relatives live, lake Tahoe. These places have gone from jewels in the history of planet earth, to shaky, on the margin of seasonal disasters, in a few decades. I’d be interested to check into insurance costs in such places too.

        • crazytown says:

          Ground water can’t sustain huge civilizations. And the Colorado doesn’t have near the flow to sustain multiple states plus agriculture. I’d highly recommend visiting the Salton Sea, it was a “paradise” created by accident when people tried to mess with the Colorado.

          The west is a desert, go long moving vans because it is against nature to build huge civilizations in a desert. Egypt has been successful long term by keeping their population close to one of the largest rivers in the wold. Southern California ain’t getting any more water from out of state, I think a civil war would start if they made a move to tap the Columbia or Great Lakes.

          A couple hundred years from now, the completely silted up Lake Powell will be a great archeological site. A huge waterfall over a great dam that can no longer support a civilization.

        • Depth Charge says:

          California has an inexhaustible body of water along the entire state to the west. Water ain’t a problem, the politicians are.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          “Water ain’t a problem, the politicians are.”

          Money is the problem. Desal is very expensive water. If you irrigate with it, expect to pay a lot more for food, and yes, that means you, Depth Charge, because California ag supplies the rest of the US will kinds of goodies.

          80% of the water in California is used by ag.

        • SocalJimObjects says:

          Consumers are smart Wolf. That’s why they haven’t tapped their credit cards for so long. When the time comes, they’ll use their credit cards to pay for water desalination.

          1. Don’t fight the Fed.
          2. Don’t fight muppets.

      • THRILLHOU says:

        @SCJO – I read that article yesterday. My mind has been spinning since, and still is, almost 24 hours later – it’s all I can think about.. What an unbelievably dark tragedy unfolding in real time. I would encourage every WS reader to check that article out. Just have a wee dram of whisky ready to ease the horror…

    • Turtle says:

      The weather is so darn good, something will be figured out. Massive desalinization and super high water bills, I should think.

      Should build a pipeline from the Great Lakes!

      • crazytown says:

        No pipelines, if they can’t have the Columbia River, they certainly can’t have the great lakes. Stop messing around with a mega-civilization in the desert. Read “Cadillac Desert”

        • Green Bay says:

          I always showed the documentary in my Water Resources course. Google “Cadillac Desert movie” and you will find the 9 parts on you tube. Excellent.

        • rick m says:

          crazytown- Outstanding book, water management can be a dry topic, but the author was a compelling storyteller. Mark Reisner wrote another book, Game Wars, that focused on the career of an old friend, Dave Hall. Sadly, both have passed.

        • crazytown says:

          Rick m – thanks for the recommendation, I will be giving it a read.

          Mark Reisner was a gifted writer and researcher, and sadly the water situation has only gotten worse as Southern California has grown and the Colorado has returned to its historical norm of lesser flows.

      • Tony says:

        Forget about the pipeline from the Great Lakes. Still not too late to buy waterfront there before everyone else figures it out.
        Duluth, Traverse City, etc. will become the next Denver and Austin-type boomtowns.

        • 4th gen Utahn says:


          Right on! As I stated above concerning the Great Salt Lake becoming the Great Salt Flats: “Perhaps the old rust belt will become the new destination area as the current destination areas become uninhabitable.”

          Intel has the right idea on where to build a new fab line.

    • SoCalBeachDude says:

      California has among the longest coastlines in the US and can simply build desalination plants in order to get an unlimited endless supply of water from the Pacific Ocean and should have done this years ago, but better late than never. It is basically a desert here in California next to an endless bountiful supply of water that simply needs to be desalinated.

      • PocoPete says:

        Where will the money come from for California to build more desalination plants?

    • Just Another Millennial says:

      “Whiskey is for drinking, water is for fighting”
      – Mark Twain

  33. cresus says:

    In the financial markets there’s always a phenomenon when the so called smart money moves into a forgotten market that until then only interested the contrarian. So the massive volumes entering the dead zone create this new massive bull. So smart money was indeed smart (but less than contrarians). Towards the end of the bull move, the so called (socal?) stupid money, from greed and vanity (yes definitely soCal) enters the late stages of the bull. It’s all rosy and profits abound for everyone.
    But the contrarians (being contrarians) have already left. The smart money finally understands that they’re “all in”. The dumb money, still enjoying new wealth at the beach, doesn’t know yet. And buys more. Trophies, 2, 3 homes, ocean front, vacation ranch etc…
    And boom. It flips. It flipped 3 months ago. Once it flips real estate is dead. For a long time.
    Real estate is a money game, not a construction/housing game, and the price is determined by IR.
    It happened, it’s cooked. When wall street started gobbling up mom and pop houses that was the beginning of it. That was my signal.
    When IR went vertical I went numb. Unbelievable graphs. A bomb exploded.
    Now comes the real pain. Not everyone will keep their property. Least of all in soCal (and Florida)

  34. unamused says:

    Tony: “This isn’t the END of the world like you doomsday commenters always spew the same narrative when things look bad.”

    To the contrary, we doomsday commenters do NOT always spew the same narrative. We provide variations depending on the conditions under discussion and then spin accordingly. We can be very flexible that way.

    Let me ask you a question.

    The US is in another housing bubble, similar to that in 2007. The bursting of that bubble was so severe it took down Lehman and several other of the larger concerns, so severe that The Fed and other agencies had to go to extremes to bail out the Financial Industrial Complex to save the system from collapse after credit channels locked up. There were so many cases of conveyance fraud they couldn’t be prosecuted.

    With me so far? That was the scenario, wasn’t it?

    This time around the bubble appears to be at least as bad. Worse, there are other highly negative conditions which were not present in 2008:
    – Toxic assets from the last meltdown are still on The Fed’s books.
    – Economic effects of The Plague, like lockdowns and product shortages.
    – The war in eastern Europe which has motivated destructive sanctions.
    – High inflation.
    – Interest rates going up.
    – Domestic political instability.

    Still with me?

    Do you believe the effects of the bursting of the present bubble, compared to the last one, are likely to be
    1) About the same?
    2) Worse?
    3) Not as bad?

    Let’s restrict this discussion to the effects on the US economy and forego discussion on the collapse of civilization. The book we’ve written on those projections (five authors) is still being edited for clarity, the graphics aren’t all ready, the citations and bibliography need a lot of cleaning up, peer reviews are expected to take months, and we’re still deciding on a catchy title. And besides, you’d need to pay for a subscription to get a copy, and with printing costs being what they are it won’t be cheap.

    Quibble all you like. I won’t mind.

    • KPL says:

      “The bursting of that bubble was so severe it took down Lehman and several other of the larger concerns, so severe that The Fed and other agencies had to go to extremes to bail out the Financial Industrial Complex to save the system from collapse”

      Including scrapping mark-to-market and introducing mark-to-fantasy (is it still the way assets are marked?) and ENDLESS QE.

      In fact with inflation showing no sign of retreat, housing bubble of 2008, stock market bubble of 2000, printing orgy of last few years, rate hikes, QT and may be the Fed cannot turn on the printing press that easily as our “saved the world” Bernanke could – beats me how this bubble cannot be worse than 2008. Except that may be it may not bring banks down.

      Sanctions was a nice way of shooting oneself.

    • Phoenix_Ikki says:

      Love it but all you’ll get are standard lemmings counterpoints…here’s some sampler for you

      1.) Demand will remain strong cause you know millennials
      2.) FED won’t let the stock/housing market fail because they will do a U turn in no time
      3.) Housing will never go down because it’s a religion and homeowners have sooo much equity now
      4.) Location, Location, Location…everyone wants to live in desirable areas like SoCal
      5.) This time is different, don’t know how or why, it’s just different. Besides 2008, housing is a sure bet, only up up and up

  35. Island Teal says:

    Good article and comments.👍👍

  36. Shawn says:

    Here in Canada, I am starting to see longer terms GIC rates not seen since 2007 to 2008 levels. I am seeing 4.25% to 4.30% for 10 years and some even more for 5 years 4.45% and some really trying to get depositor’s money now before interest rates really go up. I am seeing a 7 and 10 year GIC rate of 5.00% from Motive Financial. They are all CDIC deposit insured to the maximum $100,000 principal and interest for each joint account, each RRSP, RRIF, LIRA, LRIF, RESP, RDSP, TFSA and for each different single named person. I will not be surprised 5.5% to 6% GIC rates are coming in the next 12 to 18 months.

  37. BBB says:

    Prepare for and Expect 40-50% declines/retracement throughout real estate housing bubble.

  38. OutsideTheBox says:


    Remember DC IS NEVER wrong.

    Just ask him.

  39. MH says:

    Wolf, I agree with you. However, I need to point out that Dave Ramsey just released a video a few hours ago “Why RIGHT NOW is The Best Time To Buy A House! (Don’t wait!)”

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Maybe it was sponsored by the NAR, meaning that Ramsey got paid by the NAR to do the video? This kind of stuff happens all the time.

      • Swamp Creature says:

        Ramsey should have said “Why RIGHT NOW is The Best Time To Rent your House out and downsize your lifestyle! (Don’t wait!)”

        Rents on houses here in the Swamp are going up at 20%

    • Phoenix_Ikki says:

      If you take what Ramsey said as serious financial advice, you need to have your head examine.

    • Mike G says:

      Now there’s another reason to sell.

  40. Darci says:

    The first paragraph of this article is incorrect. A borrower cannot lock in a rate until they are under contract on a home purchase.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Nonsense. It’s routinely done. You get pre-approved for a mortgage and lock in a rate for x months (the “rate lock”) then you go home shopping, knowing how much you can borrow and what rate/payment you can expect.

  41. Tom says:

    Shawn is right, Pete in Toronto, they just changed the CDIC deposit rules back in 2021, April-30. GICs, It is insured more than 5 years and it is in Canadian dollars so it is covered. Look it up at CDIC’s website.

  42. Doug says:

    For those saying the Fed won’t let prices crash 25%+ are forgetting that the extreme runup in house prices only happened within the last two years. Most people that currently own a home did NOT buy a home at these inflated prices. I think the Fed’s demand destruction is intentionally hitting inflated house prices. House prices have to come back down to normalize. That doesn’t mean a 2008 all over again. House prices can fall without a financial crisis.

  43. Gary says:

    The Fed has lost control, inflation will be 7%+ for at least the next 3 years and according, interest rates will keep rising and 3.5% to 3.75% CD rates are coming by the end of this year. For 2023, 4.25% to 4.50% CD rates are coming. In 2024, 5% CD rates is quite possible.

    • Turtle says:

      My high yield savings account has gone from 0.5% to 0.6% to 0.75% to 0.9% in just a few weeks. I like this side of the coin.

  44. Mark 2 says:

    Wolf, i love you, but you’ve been writing the same article for at least 11 years. During that time housing has more than doubled. Eventually, of course, the market will go down. All markets do at some point. But unless you can nail down exactly WHEN, these prophecies aren’t worth much and have actually hurt those who have been on the sidelines waiting for 10 plus years. The markets would have to fall by more than 50 percent just to get back to when you told people not to buy because they were overpriced. And if that happens everything else will fall too and be in chaos. Housing sucks, but what were/are the alternatives? Stocks? Bonds? Bitcoin? Cash? At least you can live in a house and it is tangible.

    • Turtle says:

      Did Wolf ever say not to buy? It seems to me he shares data and lets us make our own conclusion. Sure, his headlines might point in a certain direction but really it’s in these comments that you hear the perpetual doomsayers.

      • Mark 2 says:

        His commentary and charts essentially tell you it’s a mistake to buy and doing so would make you an idiot. He doesn’t have to use the words, “Don’t buy.” The message is clear. Please.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Mark 2,

      I started the “Most Splendid Housing Bubbles in America” series in maybe 2017. And I stared this “Housing Bubble Getting Ready to Pop” series maybe six weeks ago.

      A bubble is when price are already ridiculously high and keep rising.

      A bubble pops when prices come down.

      When the underlying dynamics of a bubble deteriorate, even as prices still go up, the bubble gets ready to pop.

      So if you could just RTGDFAs, you’d know what they actually said, and you wouldn’t have to waste valuable air posting this kind of nonsense.

      • Mark 2 says:

        Wolf, please… you didn’t put them under that label until 2017 (and I never said you did), but you have been posting that the housing market is ready to pop since long before 2017. A rose by any other name… Here is one I found from 2013:


        So instead of being snide and dismissive, maybe just look at your own posts?

        • Wolf Richter says:

          Mark 2

          If you’re going to link something, at least RTGDFA before linking it. You never read anything at all. You have NO CLUE what’s in ANY of these articles.

          Conclusion of the article you linked: “As the Fed’s money is trying to find a place to go, prices may continue to rise. But with the economics to support these prices—namely rental revenues—giving way, the remaining reason to buy would be a singular hope: economically unsustainable price appreciation. The definition of a bubble.”

          And NO, it doesn’t say, “The Most Splendid Housing Bubbles in America” in the title. That series with all the charts started years later.

  45. JeffD says:

    Holy Moly one day increase in mortgage rates is the story of the day!

  46. Vince B says:

    “The stock market is on the front pages every day. Only a small percentage of Americans own any significant amount of equities, but that doesn’t matter”

    I don’t know what the author calls “significant”, but I would think just about all retirement accounts have equities in them that are a big part of that account….that’s no small potatoes to the account holder.

  47. cpatr922 says:

    wolfstreet perhaps still renting their home.

    last time I checked, the gdp-to-house price in north america region is 30.
    In Asia its 60-150.

    We still have long way to go up up up

Comments are closed.