WHOOSH Goes the Fed’s Lowest Lowball Inflation Measure. And Eats Up All Income Gains Plus Some

Powell should pay attention here so he’s better prepared at the next press conference when asked about the impact of inflation on regular Americans.

By Wolf Richter for WOLF STREET.

Fed chair Jerome Powell’s reaction today after he saw the consequences of his reckless monetary policies. Imagined by cartoonist Marco Ricolli for WOLF STREET.

The “core PCE” price index, which excludes food and energy and which understates inflation by the most of all of the government’s inflation measures and which is therefore wisely used by the Fed for its inflation target, spiked by 0.50% in December from November, and by 4.9% year-over-year, the worst inflation reading since 1983, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis today. As measured by this lowest lowball inflation measure, inflation, is well over double the Fed’s inflation target:

The overall PCE inflation index, which includes food and energy, spiked by 0.45% in December from November, and by 5.8% year-over-year, the worst reading since 1982.

So how did this inflation – the worst in 40 years – impact wages and salaries? Powell should pay attention here so that he is better prepared for the next post-meeting press conference when some wayward reporter asks him about the impact of inflation on regular Americans.

Adjusted for inflation, per-capita disposable income (income from all sources minus income-related taxes, on a per person basis) fell by 0.3% for the month and fell by 0.5% year-over-year, continuing the relentless decline that started last summer when inflation took off at a velocity not seen in decades. Note the pre-pandemic, pre-massive-inflation trend line (green):

Compensation from wages and salaries, not adjusted for inflation, and not including government transfer payments, rose by 0.7% in December, by 9.2% year-over-year. And those kinds of wage and salary gains would be something to celebrate. But they were eaten up entirely by inflation. On a per-household basis, after inflation, those wage and salary gains disappeared entirely, opening up an ever-wider gap between the money people earn with their labor, and what’s left over after inflation.

As inflation whittled down the purchasing power of labor, the rising number of households reduced the slice each household gets of the aggregate inflation-diminished income figures to where inflation-adjusted income from wages and salaries is now below where it was two years ago and below where it was three years ago:

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  308 comments for “WHOOSH Goes the Fed’s Lowest Lowball Inflation Measure. And Eats Up All Income Gains Plus Some

  1. MiTurn says:

    As always, excellent information with great graphs.

    Thank you, Wolf!

    • Resjudicata says:

      Wolf: what is the fixed inflow of money to the stock market from standard retirement vehicles like 401k, Roth’s, etc etc?

      • Wolf Richter says:


        What is the fixed outflow of money from the stock market as boomers are retiring in large numbers and are now drawing on their retirement funds? We just had this huge wage of retirements in 2020 and 2021. Everyone talked about it.

        The only figure that would make sense is some kind of net flow (inflow minus outflow). And I’m not sure it would make sense either because investors also shift money between their investment vehicles.

        • RH says:

          There is a documentary called “Demographic drought” that discusses demographic effects on items like this, which summarised well what many, many articles say. The US is much better off than China or Japan or other countries, even though immigration fell with the pandemic and the birthrate also fell sharply reportedly due to the pandemic but not immune in the long term.

          This pandemic will not go away, so people may wait even longer to have kids. Only smallpox was eradicated by vaccination of all persons possible. 100% vaccination rates are not achievable here, since too many believe vaccines will be used to control their minds via chips, etc. New variants will develop and come.

        • Wolf Richter says:


          “The US is better off” — no, it’s not. Corporate America is better off if there are more consumers and more workers (cheap labor). INDIVIDUALS are not better off because they have to divide that pie into smaller pieces. The LAST thing any of these countries you mentioned needs is more population. They’re immensely overpopulated already.

          The Japanese and the Chinese individually and as households are FAR BETTER OFF today than they were 30 years ago, in part because their populations have stopped growing, and they don’t have to cut the pie constantly into smaller slices.

          You’re unapologetically rooting for the billionaires that need more consumers to sell their crap to, and that need more cheap labor.

        • Dazed And Confused says:

          “INDIVIDUALS are not better off because they have to divide that pie into smaller pieces.”

          The fixed pie fallacy is back.
          Thank you, Thanos.

        • RH says:

          You are right that reduced populations (as after the Black Death) are better for ordinary Europeans and Americans as individuals by giving them increased bargaining power but there is a reason why I fear the contraction of the populations of the US and EU: the CCP and its genocides. A weakened West might allow them in the future to dominate Japan and South Korea if they can invade Taiwan. Russia is also a big threat militarily despite its other weaknesses.

          The skill/quality of workers, meaning their education, is also critical: that is why Asian countries with better K TO 12 educational systems are so competitive.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          I didn’t say anything about Black Death. We’re talking about Japan and China where birth rates are low enough — as they are in many other countries, such as Germany, Ireland, Russia, Italy, the US etc. — to cause the population to no longer grow or to cause the population do decline in tiny increments. Anyone who compares the effects of these low birthrates with the Black Death has a screw loose.

      • Richard Greene says:

        Zero. Unless the new funds are used to buy new issues of stock. Otherwise one person’s purchase is another person’s sale = net no change.

        • Jeremy Wolff says:

          If stocks are sold off, there can be outflows as the price of assets fall and people withdraw from stock accounts.

        • Richard Greene says:

          Mr Wolff
          If I buy a stock today for $10 a share from someone else who gets my $10 a share, how is there any net increase of money “going into the stock market?”

        • Wolf Richter says:

          There isn’t and that wasn’t the question. The question was about buying-pressure and selling-pressure from specific groups (taking money out or putting money into their portfolios), not from the market overall. Boomers that retired start taking their money out individually, thereby creating selling pressure, and if there isn’t an equal amount of buying pressure at these prices, then prices will have to drop until lower prices draw enough buyers in to create an equal amount of buying-pressure. When selling pressure is higher than buying pressure, prices will have to drop for sellers to find buyers.

          Individuals, groups like “boomers,” and specific funds can and do take their money out of the market by selling stocks. That’s what we were talking about. But if there aren’t enough buyers at these prices, then prices drop until there are enough buyers. It’s that simple.

          The market overall cannot take money out of the market, but individuals and funds can take money out of the market, and do all the time, and price is the mechanism that make sure that transactions happen.

  2. MiTurn says:

    “And those kinds of wage and salary gains would be something to celebrate. But they were eaten up entirely by inflation.”

    A few years ago I joined the ranks of the ‘fixed-income’ set. And inflation has impacted us so much that we have almost stopped eating at restaurants. Consequently, we eat most meals at home, which is fine of course. But I think that, if others are in the same boat, this will negatively impact restaurants. Or reduce eating out to food trucks visits and not sit-down restaurants.

    • Old school says:

      Interesting interview with David Hunter on wealtheon predicting how this is going to play out. He has gotten a lot correct this year. He is predicting sp500 going on a fast blowoff top to 6000 as Fed misplays it’s hand and then having to over react taking sp500 down to 1200.

      Is he correct? Who knows, but have a plan so you don’t make a big mistake.

      • TeacupDragon says:

        David Hunter has been surprisingly accurate and criticized roundly for his predictions. We also subscribe to Jim Rickards newsletters & pay attention when Jeremy Grantham posts his newsletter.
        I guess that makes us old school, too.

        • DR DOOM says:

          Rickards predicted deflation then inflation. Schiff predicted the opposite with a gold boom for miners and metal. There is an old you tube debate between them the about this. Rickards missed the mark on inflation and Schiff missed the mark on gold and miners but got inflation right. They both agree on a crash of some kind at the end. Rickards wanders off topic like a beagle in an interview.Peter Schiff says the same thing 5 different ways. I find them all entertaining. If Hunter is correct then jump in the S&P now to ride it to 6000 in the melt-up. They are all peddling something, and that is fine. I wish them success. Here is some advice that works every time but it ain’t very exciting. If you don’t know what to do, do nothing. Yogi Berra expanded that to include thinking. Wise man. I do not know what to do. I am in cash which is doing nothing. I do gamble with 2% of my cash trading SQQQ inverse shorts. It is not investing. A safe 5% return on my money is great for me. I do not need to out run inflation. Death will catch me way before inflation does.

      • Jon says:

        David Hunter has been wrong 99% of the time. People don’t realize he has been calling for a melt ups for years. He expected SPX to be 4000 in 2017, then 2018, then 2019, look at his seeking alpha if it’s still up. I can make a prediction every year and sooner or later I will be right.

    • Anthony A. says:

      Retired couple here (in our 70’s) and we have cut back on eating out to maybe once every two weeks with the daughter and her husband. We get to see them and we spit the bill. Otherwise, we are cooking at home and that is getting pricier because of higher grocery cost. Fortunately, we are not big beef eaters and usually cook chicken or make a big pot of Texas chili or soup with lasts for a week.

      • phleep says:

        Consumer spending stats seen today suggest a lot of people are pulling back. That would, I guess, be disinflationary: high prices curing high prices.

        I haven’t eaten out for years. Meanwhile I’ve built my portfolio all around, home(s) equity, cash stash, net worth. One can eat well or sleep well, to me, and I like my sleep. And healthy foods aren’t too terribly expensive. I last ate beef/pork/lamb in 2003, drink only water, and in my mid 60s I can run up the side of this valley at 3 am in winter. Simple exercise gear bought once lasts decades.

        • phleep says:

          Oh, and I just got my first (2.5%) wage raise since 2008. A tiny bonus is thrown on that is a joke. When the road gets narrower, I say, get better: evolve.

        • Harvey Mushman says:

          “I last ate beef/pork/lamb in 2003, drink only water, and in my mid 60s I can run up the side of this valley at 3 am in winter. Simple exercise gear bought once lasts decades.”


          If everybody lived the way you do, there would be no “Healthcare Crisis” in America. However, I’m guessing about 5% of the population could live the way you are.

        • elysianfield says:

          “I last ate beef/pork/lamb in 2003, drink only water, and in my mid 60’s..”

          You ain’t gonna live longer, it will just feel like it….

        • phleep says:

          elysianfield: I might not live longer, but I sure feel good moment-to-moment. I presume that denotes good health, and a mutually reinforcing foundation for the other pillars of health and fitness: mental and financial.

      • tom20 says:

        Out here in flyover, I’m surrounded by small operations doing layers.

        That flock gets changed out at 14 months.
        Last year I could get them for free to butcher. Processors & trucking
        was leaving them in a tough spot.

        Can and/or make soup. Great bone broth as well.

        1 day butchering, and the freezer is full & the canning starts.

        • Em says:

          Today we’re taking out 4 young roosters that are so full of desire to make the hens hide hours at a time. We have about 60 birds and let 3 or 4 hatch a new set every spring, to replenish the flock.

          Selling at the farmstand by the endbof the driveway best eggs possible for $7/doz

      • Old School says:

        I am wired to not enjoying being around a lot of action and people. I think it was because I wasn’t around a lot of people as a child.

        Always enjoy solitary or maybe up to four people at one time. No sacrifice not hanging out in eating joints, bars and ballparks.

        Give me something to read or a trail to hike or yard work to do and I am in my happy place.

        • drifterprof says:

          My preferences are very similar. For example, I never understood why, for me, bars were so unenjoybable. I’m on the tall side, and it seemed like short guys always wanted to fight me (slim, easy target).

          But probably it was more that the social games people play, and the status competition, were uncomfortable and seemed stupid.

          Research on elderly people indicates they are less willing to deal with social contacts which have some type of negative issue. Younger relatives can mistakenly think their elderly relative is too lonely, when actually the person has just decided “effit” to relationships s/he may have tolerated at a younger age for practical reasons.

          Pure enjoyment of life is the name of the game in retirement. And for some, that is achieved by having only essential social contacts.

        • TomJones says:


        • Jeff fandell says:

          A role model for being happy. Whatever blows up ur skirt…go for it. Chasing the crowd usually leads to a lemming moment.

        • Cookdoggie says:

          Amen, relationships to me feel like entanglements. The fewer the better.

      • Richard Greene says:

        We used to eat dinner at restaurants for many decades when we were workers. After retirement in 2004, about three lunches a week. After Covid hit in March 2020, not at all. i don’t know how they stay in business … But I lose weight when not eating at restaurants — that’s a good thing.

      • Brant Lee says:

        I just found a local grocery clearing out what must be the remains of Christmas hams. Nice smoked spiral cut hams at 99 cents a pound. I filled the freezer to last a while. I love chicken thighs also found at .99 lb. You can eat reasonably cheap at home.

        Beef is ridiculous, it’s an absolute price gouge at retail. My cousin said he just sold a load of cows for a little less than $2 at market, not much more than from years before.

        • OK Boomer says:

          We almost never eat out because quality at home is so much better. We’re eating beef for $5.25/lb by purchasing a half cow once a year right off the farm; lamb for $7.50/lb buying a whole lamb each year; chicken at $5.00/lb for 8-10 at a time twice a year; and pork for $4.50/lb half or whole once a year. All organic, grass raised. Feeds the two of us all year, plus visiting family in midwinter and for an extended summer season. We produce our own eggs and a lot of our vegetables – to be expanded this spring via a large new polycarbonate greenhouse (waiting in boxes for the snow to melt). 5 freezers in the basement – 2 are cast offs from neighbors and friends, 2 inherited, 1 purchased for $30 used. This summer we start raising grains and cereals, too: hulled barley, wheat, sweet canning corn, flour corn, and upland (dryland) rice. We store winter veggies and can summer produce.

          In addition, we’ve put all of our savings and investment money into bitcoin. Crazy, right? Well, we’ve seen over 175% average annualized gains since 2014 despite interim volatility. And life gets cheaper in bitcoin terms. Example: I drive Subaru Foresters. The MSRP of a base model 2014 was $21,995 and I bought my first bitcoins that year for $485/ea, so a base model Subaru Forester price was equivalent to 45.35 bitcoin. For 2022 the MSRP of a base model Subaru Forester is $25,195, a 14.5% nominal price increase. Right now, bitcoin is priced around $38,000, making the Subaru price equivalent to about 0.66 bitcoin, a 75x price decrease. That’s why we converted it all in 2018-2020. BTC holds and increases our purchasing power over the years; nothing else does that. Our retirement is comfortable, and we’ll leave a healthy legacy to our children and grandchildren.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          OK Boomer,

          Your last paragraph makes me feel sorry for you, unless you’re able to sell your BTC and get some fiat for it. How can you have your entire retirement nest egg in one gambling token that has already plunged by 50%, hoping that it will go back to somewhere? You should be using your play-money for that, not your entire retirement nest egg.

          Which makes me think you’re a BTC troll, and so in that case, I don’t feel sorry for you.

          Given that you have posted only two comments here, both hyping bitcoin in this idiotic manner, you’re surely a bitcoin troll who is now getting desperate.

        • Depth Charge says:

          “Given that you have posted only two comments here, both hyping bitcoin in this idiotic manner, you’re surely a bitcoin troll who is now getting desperate.”

          Hahahahaha. I love Wolf.

    • Swamp Creature says:

      We’re cooking more at home because our favorite places have all closed up. Not much choice. Still have a local Thai place that serves good dishes for a reasonable price. Mostly vegetarian.

      • polecat says:

        I can serve up virtually anything of good restaurant quality .. at HOME!
        If one has a decent spice cabinet/dry pantry/larder, and taking the time to master a few cooking skills, then one owns a pot of golden possibilities..

    • historicus says:

      Inflation stops expenditures as you note…..and raises the cost of business doing business.
      This is why the Federal Reserve has a “stable prices” mandate. INFLATION is a bad bad thing. And once started, difficult to stop.
      The Fed had NO BUSINESS promoting ANY inflation, then their policies were so reckless their course could only lead to this just beginning rampant inflation.
      Wait till all the unions go on strike…..and they will.
      I spend only on necessities … and have been for a while. I expect when stocks roll over, this will become very common.

      • MiTurn says:

        “I spend only on necessities … and have been for a while.”


        If inflation continues to rage, this sort of thrift will be self-imposed by necessity. And if fuel prices get high enough, people will, through necessity, cut back on driving and traveling. They might even get a chance to really know their neighbors!

        • historicus says:

          Like Powell said…
          inflation effects all Americans…
          except some have very tough decisions to make.

          What a stupid self contradicting statement.
          Right Jay, some people have to decide fill up the car or fill up the grocery cart. Others must decide if 3 country clubs are just too many,

    • Depth Charge says:

      Eating out is probably the worst budget killer in the average American household. Almost 20 years ago I did the math and realized I was spending close to $300 per month just on coffees and snacks at local espresso shacks. I bought an espresso machine and started making my own every morning. Not only do I enjoy a home made coffee drink more, I don’t miss drive-thru lines and I love the financial savings. At this point in time, I have saved over $50,000 just by eliminating that habit.

      Eating out is much, much more expensive than my own personal coffee example. Most people can’t actually afford it, but they do it anyway. I treat eating out as a luxury to be enjoyed on rare occasions, or in certain instances where I am so hungry and not home that I just have to get something. It is not uncommon for me to go 2 months without eating out a single time. I enjoy home-cooked food much more than what restaurants serve these days anyhow.

      • Augustus Frost says:

        Most people are either economic illiterates or lack the discipline you describe.

        I think the same way you do, I don’t waste my money on trivial expenditures.

        I don’t care that others do, except that I know (yes know) many are concurrently wasting their own money and feeding at the public trough at taxpayer expense.

        • Depth Charge says:

          Something that I didn’t even mention but which is just as important as the budget implications is the poor quality of restaurant food and its deleterious effects on peoples’ health. It is laden with sodium and all sorts of nasty chemicals and things. There’s so much processed stuff in everything. The people who eat out most are generally the most unhealthy.

        • Thomas Roberts says:

          When buying uncooked food at the grocery store you can mainly buy basic ingredients, bakery items, staples, pre packaged mixes, or ready to eat meals like most things microwavable or eatable direct from package (like junk food and TV dinners).

          For most meals ready to eat, I would say that inflation has gone up on this category more than restaurants and is in fact less healthy and more expensive than cheaper restaurants. Most of the reduction in restaurant eating has gone here, unfortunately.

          Right at the start of the lockdowns in America, alot of grocery chains cancelled all their usual sales that they didn’t already advertise, effectively a large price hike. While they did bring back the sales, the lack of competition and ability to to get away with price gouging, is the main culprit of the rise in food prices. Gas prices were higher 12 years ago and food was less than half as much.

          The average family and person is going to have to use mixes, basic ingredients and staples to bypass most of the price gouging and to obtain healthy food. Unfortunately, little can be done for most people to bypass the meat gouging. You can always see if there is a local butcher in your area, it just might be cheaper and almost definitely healthier.

        • El Katz says:

          Grocery shopping has become nothing more than a game. The stores no longer feature the best “sales” in their flyers, but only a few loss leader items to get you to act (and often available Friday and Saturday only).

          However, get their app, use their website, and you can find a bunch of sale items you might not otherwise find – even $10 off a grocery purchase of $50 or more…. Of course, you become a “product” and they track your every purchase and frequency of your visits to their stores, if you always go to the same store, and behavior (if you’re a hoarder or not).

          There’s also “geezer day” for those over 55. Safeway and Fry’s (Kroger) have geezer day on the first Wednesday of the month. They offer a 10% discount on most items (not booze). Playing their coupon games, I’ve sometimes “saved” more than 50% of the bill vs. if I just walked in off the street and purchased the same items. Then there’s the gasoline discounts ($.10-.$20 a gallon) which is a nice side perk (gasbuddy plus rewards even comes with a bigger savings). Puts Shell in the same price category as Costco (at least in our market).

          Sadly, this is our “normal” behavior. Inflation, recession, good times – doesn’t matter. We’ve done it for years. Sure, it takes planning but we only shop twice a month (big one on geezer day and a “fill in” of fresh) so it’s not a burden.

        • dr_doomz says:

          Thomas Robert:

          “Right at the start of the lockdowns in America, alot of grocery chains cancelled all their usual sales that they didn’t already advertise, effectively a large price hike.”

          Because we all know grocers are colluding…

          Grocers did what they did to survive. Do you expect them to eat the price hikes, plus the additional costs caused by the lock downs?

          “the lack of competition and ability to to get away with price gouging, is the main culprit of the rise in food prices.”

          Blame it on the retailers, never the government and central planners. We need price controls! Right?

          One of the last places you’ll find price gouging is grocery retail. It’s a hyper competitive industry. They are as much a victim as everyone else.

          “You can always see if there is a local butcher in your area, it just might be cheaper”

          In most cases it won’t. They’re up against excessive rules & regs and industrial farming. And it’s only getting worse.

      • VintageVNvet says:

        Totally agree DC:
        My better half is a ”semi-retired” gourmet chef who loves to cook,,, and has taught me SO much that we eat a ton better at home than at any but the very best restaurants.
        SO, we go out to enjoy the very best foods and service, with table cloths and cloth napkins, and to hell with the cost…
        If we wanted to ”save” money, we would stay home, but WE want to enjoy a great meal, and do so two or three ++ times per year, birthdays and our anniversary, etc.,,,
        And are very thankful, usually in the form of great ”tips” for the wait staff and cook staff,,, WE having been in those roles in our past lives…
        Surely, WE have not been in any junk food palace in the last couple decades, and have no wish to go there ,,, ever…

      • Whatsthepoint says:

        My husband refuses to dine out….averse to being indoors with others, weather still too cold to sit outside….and he thinks I cook better than anything on offer at restaurants we’d likely visit …I also enjoy it….my kitchen time is my zen time…saves a fortune, too!

        • Catxman says:

          Good comments from all the commenters.

          Just wanted to add that I’m one of the ones that wastes his money, but try to combine socializing when I can. A meal eaten over a table with good company is 10x better/more worth having than a bite snatched alone.

        • Thomas Roberts says:

          Yeah, it’s a shame most people are too lazy to come over to each others places anymore.

          Potlucks should be way more common. Homemade, store bought, or even fast food mixed together is almost always good.

      • drifterprof says:

        One thing I could never understand, starting in my teen years, was American packaged breakfast cereal thing. Not only is the price for the grains or other components super-gouged, the sugar added has probably contributed to the obesity / diabetes etc. problems.

        One of my top rules of being thrifty (pretty much a cheapskate) has always been make my own breakfast. And in the last decade or so, my pour-over “Clever Coffee Dripper.”

      • Harry Houndstooth says:

        Since virtually all restaurants use cheap unhealthy oils, eating at home can be much healthier, as well.

    • Bobber says:

      Over the past year, my family has cut restaurant bills in half. This was largely to reduce risk COVID. And we don’t order takeout, so the restaurant industry lost 50% of our restaurant attendance last year.

      The few times I did go out during the last few months, I thought the bills were outrageous. The tab for breakfast at IHOP, two people with coffee, was over $40 before tip last week, and one of us ate off the reduced price senior menu. The average price of a breakfast was $15, before drink.

      On the bright side, when you order coffee, you do get unlimited refills.

      I feel sorry for restaurant owners, but the COVID, along with associated lack of ambience and hassles (masks) and cost increases, makes dining out much less enticing.

      • Lawefa says:

        The cost of restaurant food is getting downright criminal. But then, all of this points at least partly back to the wreckless Fed monetary policies and J-Rome.

    • Lisa says:

      Our family does not eat out. Instead, we will order take out once in a while. We are not on a fixed income yet but it’s just ridiculously expensive to dine out. And I also don’t know why so many people are so willing to spend so much for food.
      I feel bad for the restaurants as some of those that have been in business for a long time have had to close. But I can’t see spending 15.00 on eggs, toast and hash browns when it costs 1.00 to make myself.

      • ru82 says:

        In the city I live in and is in flyover country, you better have a reservation or be prepared for an hour wait on Friday night and Saturday. It was this way before covid and it is that way now. Hardly any restaurants have closed near me. Maybe 1 out of 30 closed because of COVID but writing was on the wall for that one leading up to COVID. It was never busy.


        • Tom20 says:

          Out here in fly over, we couldn’t even tolerate the march 2020 shutdown.
          We had the speakeasy set up
          And grills fired up.

    • Pl’n’l says:

      Odds on that EBT bennies will beat inflation and keep the grocery stores and restaurants going. It’s the middle class that will continue to be ground between the millstones of taxation and inflation.

      • dr_doomz says:

        “Odds on that EBT bennies will beat inflation and keep the grocery stores and restaurants going.”

        This is correct. That’s how it was done in the 70’s.

        “It’s the middle class that will continue to be ground between the millstones of taxation and inflation.”

        At the cost of the middle class, correct again. Right from the 1970’s hyper inflation playbook.

  3. silverdog says:

    Can’t hide the sun forever with your thumb, the cat is out of the bag.

    Fed is going to have to take the political blame for the social unrest and social upheaval that is no doubt coming as regular people begin to understand they are screwed for the most part under the current system.

    Glib comebacks/political distractions are not working, look at the Biden poll numbers, someone is going to take the fall and it may be the Fed if they are not careful.

    • Depth Charge says:

      These banker scum just couldn’t help themselves after they were given free reign following the first meltdown they caused with the housing bubble/bust. When you hire the arsonist as the Fire Captain, this is what you get.

      The FED and all of these rich pukes and ivory tower hacks are blinded by rapacious greed and unrelenting hubris. Alarms have been ringing for years, yet they did not even so much as pay them a glance because they just couldn’t get enough. They’ve even started taking heat from some of the billionaires who benefited the most (though I think that’s more a case of the billionaires getting a bit nervous when they look at their pile while the world is starting to burn around them). Such dereliction of duty has never before been seen in this country. The far-reaching implications and effects of these horrific policies are too vast to list.

      For years we have listened to these filthy central bankers, ad nauseam, blow smoke up our aszes while they were basically stealing the futures of everybody but the wealthy. Those paying attention saw exactly what was happening, and have been criticizing them the whole time, myself included. I have been calling that crackpot Bernanke out since the beginning. And now the chickens have come home to roost, and Weimar Boy Powell is stammering his way through more bullshit and lies.

      This is not going to end well at all. The lack of affordable shelter has created a powder keg of anger, hopelessness and frustration. I see and hear it everywhere. And now you can add cars, food and everything else to the mix. This is an unmitigated disaster. What kind of disgusting society does this to their youth? And these pigs just keep on pigging out. Did the FED members really need another 50 million dollars each, or whatever?

      I can’t even type here what I really hope would happen to these filthy, vile sociopaths. I refrain out of respect for Wolf and his rules which I have tried my best to adhere to. But they are an evil cabal, and to exorcise evil, you have to sometimes resort to unpleasant measures which are necessary to restore the balance and health of a society. The future of our youth depends upon it.

      • Jeff Fandell says:

        Great rant! I honestly appreciate your passion. Its so lacking in our oversensitive pc world. Im a prehistoric ole guy.
        I know and remember hatd times. Its my opinion that few under 60 know difficult times. Go back 40 yrs to the Volker times…1980 14% inflation. Same as now but the formula
        Has been massaged. 40 yrs ago anyone under sixty was probably still living home.. a bir sheltered from reality! Remember back to back recessions in 1979 to 82? Ugly!
        What do you think the coping skills of todays average adult will be?

      • Martok says:

        DC – I couldn’t have said what you said any better, — hope you are still reading this post.

        I have been outraged for so long over all this, but when you mention that Fed policy has been doing for many over 10 years to other people their eyes glaze over and they say it’s whatever the current Pres in office is doings fault, and turn away, and see how many “likes” they got on a stupid FB post.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          This is one of the reasons why I started this website many years ago. My wife’s eyes were glazing over, and my friends thought I was nuts.

        • Martok says:

          Same with my wife, and just about all my friends, they all say it’s the Pres responsibility, and I try to explain it’s Fed policy changes that don’t take affect for a long time, of course, the same glazed look.

          Your effort and website is excellent and sure has opened up my eyes as to what the “H” is going on.

          Along with all the fine commentators who are aware too.

          So many times what is talked about by you and others becomes headlines days, weeks, or months later!

      • dr_doomz says:

        “This is not going to end well at all.”

        Since the beginning of (un)civilization, it never does end well.

        “The lack of affordable shelter has created a powder keg of anger, hopelessness and frustration.”

        All by design.

        “I see and hear it everywhere.”

        It’s hard not to see it, but ignoring it is the path of least resistance for the average citizen.

        “And now you can add cars, food and everything else to the mix.”

        Your flesh and blood too.

        “This is an unmitigated disaster.”

        To which a white knight will come to the rescue. Take a wild guess who that will be?

        “What kind of disgusting society does this to their youth?”

        A society with an apathetic majority that values comfort over freedom, not to mention bread and circuses.

        “And these pigs just keep on pigging out. Did the FED members really need another 50 million dollars each, or whatever?”

        No. But that’s not any of your business. It’s a big club, and you’re not in it.

        “I can’t even type here what I really hope would happen to these filthy, vile sociopaths.”

        Little by little, they will wear you out, until you’re left hollow, numb, and without a soul.

        “they are an evil cabal, and to exorcise evil, you have to sometimes resort to unpleasant measures which are necessary to restore the balance and health of a society.”

        True. The unpleasant measure, however, is not a revolution, it’s choosing freedom over comfort. Do you really believe the average world citizen will do this?

        “The future of our youth depends upon it.”

        The future is a human face being stomped on forever. No one cares about the future or the youth. That is the real frustration.

  4. Gooberville Smack says:

    Well that settles it. Peter Schiff was right, the Fed was wrong.

    • phleep says:

      If the world was that simple, we could all get rich on a few trades. If I had that level of confidence, I would be all-in on a few simple trades, within minutes, and ready for delivery of my Maserati. In today’s brokerage environment, investors have almost zero-cost access to securities that would cash in.

      In Schiff’s case it’s gold, right? Or was the last time I looked, about a decade ago when he was preaching the same chorus. That’s a long time to wait for a broken clock to be right, a huge opportunity cost paid.

      As for whether any thesis remains right or settled, I note that time does actually keep moving into a fundamentally uncertain future (and us stumbling into its fog). Wars thought to be won, great victories of history, like anything, decay in their meaning and impact. (Exhibit A, B: New Deal, USA WW2 victory and aftermath.) But maybe you just got that Maserati?

      • The Real Tony says:

        Gold and silver should be the two best performers starting in 2023. They’ll lie about the inflation rate coming into the midterm elections then inflation will turn to hyperinflation starting in 2023. It could be too early to buy gold but its what to buy towards the end of 2022. There’s only 3 possibilities in 2023 recession, depression or hyperinflation. Hyperinflation seems to be the heavy favourite.

        • Old School says:

          Fed has us addicted to debt. Rates go down houses for up. That cycle causes more debt and ever lower rates must be maintained.

          Once you hit zero, then you have to start handing out subsidies for having children so you can afford a roof over their heads.

          The 40 year trend in rates is down. It could go to 50 with 10 year sub 1%. Not a prediction, but it is one scenario. It’s a 40 year trend for a reason. Has that reason changed?

        • Augustus Frost says:

          There won’t be anything close to hyperinflation in the US with the 10YR @ less than 2%. It will have to be a lot higher than that first. Unless of course, your definition of hyperinflation is different than mine.

        • ru82 says:

          What is crazy is the commodity index are shooting higher this past year. But the odd thing is that Gold and Silver have not budged. They are still not getting any love and have been going straight sideways for a year while inflation is over 6%. . Not sure why. Those are two commodities that have zero inflation? I guess it still costs less than $20 to get silver out of the ground? Ther e must not be any wage increases, equipment cost increase, or fuel costs increases for the miners?

        • Escierto says:

          That’s hilarious. Gold and silver are getting annihilated and the prospects for both are dim.

        • Thomas Roberts says:


          Are you into platinum? Or have you achieved ascension and are buying up gen 1 Pokémon cards?

        • Janna says:

          Real Tony,
          What makes you lean toward hyperinflation? Personally, I don’t think that is likely and it doesn’t appear that the Fed/gov will allow a depression. The biggest question I have is whether or not the Fed has learned its lesson with QE or if we could see it again in a few years.

      • Gooberville Smack says:

        Most people that never actually listen to Schiff believe he is just hoarding gold and waiting for the crash. People only hear what they want to hear. For one thing, he is also in foreign stocks, which nobody ever mentions. All anybody mentions is the tired broken clock routine.

        • phleep says:

          Foreign stocks have significant drawdowns too, ironically (in terms of your stated holdings of Schiff) in tightening cycles by US Fed. There is a list of these events (among tons of other good data and views) in a really good book, The End of The Risk Free Rate (2nd ed. is now out and updated) by Ben Emons.
          And I believe the broken clock metaphor is spot on. One needs not only to be right in a prediction, but have a time frame on it that actually works, that is profitably actionale, or why have it? (Trick question: the answer is to occupy a place in the commentariat and sell books). Look where a person’s cash flows from. If he had such hot inbestments, why would he keep selling books with the same theses?

      • Gooberville Smack says:

        I love that graph. Wolf, can you explain something to me? When I read the headlines and listen to all the talking points, I hear how 60% of Americans don’t have $1k of savings. They say the median income is $34k. When I hear this I like to thump my chest with pride as I figure with net assets of $200k I must be in the ‘upper half of the bottom 90%’. But looking at your graph and I think you mentioned that to be in that ‘upper’ class I would have to have over $400 in net assets. What gives?

        • Wolf Richter says:

          Gooberville Smack,

          Yes, “Americans have no savings” is a conundrum. For many decades, they have been asking the same question. But today, many people don’t have savings. They have credit. If they need to pay for something, they use their credit card, even if they pay if off every month when they get paid. They don’t need to have $400 in savings. But they might have $50,000 in credit lines that have not been used. A millionaire today might not have $400 in “savings,” but when an emergency comes along, they pay by credit card, as most Americans do. Once I figured out that the payment reality of today obviated the survey about “savings,” I stopped paying attention to those surveys.

    • historicus says:

      Most of the people on this web site were right….and the Fed was wrong.

      and what are the consequences for bad decision making at the Fed?

      Time for the Taylor Rule……and solid connections between Fed Funds and inflation…..money supply growth and GDP growh.

    • Old School says:

      David Hunter said Fed’s big problem is they are a deliberative body looking at old data. Always has them looking in the rear view mirror.

  5. truth says:

    Powell paying attention to anything other than his investments.
    Good luck on that

    • phleep says:

      The End of the Risk-Free Rate by Ben Emons, page 164, pinpoints the moment (late 2018) when Trump openly jawboned and attacked Powell, policy (at the time of rolling off the balance sheet, i.e., a very graduated tightening). The two met, and Powell about-faced (compared by the author to Nixon’s arm-twisting Burns in ’71-’72, and Schumer arm-twisting Bernanke in the election cycle of 2012). Quotes are provided. At these key moments the then-Fed chair (different person each time) , it is readily arguable, caved to political pressure and loosened before an election.

      The 2018 event, not foreseeing COVID, juiced the economy into an inflationary overshoot mode. When the pandemic happened, the Fed had already spent its ammo and could only loosen more, resulting in this overshoot of inflation. The track record (including Powell’s) has been caving in crucial election years.

      But we did have the lame duck moment of Carter-new Chair Volcker when everybody commenced to do the right thing. Everybody waits for that moment like the Second Coming, but business as usual (gradualism, equivocating) is still happening. Is the current medicine strong enough? We have front row seats.

  6. perpetual perp says:

    “”Numbers released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, which is part of the U.S. Federal Statistical System producing data and official statistics, show that the U.S. economy grew by an astonishing 6.9 percent annual rate from October to December 2021. That puts the growth of the U.S. economy for 2021 at 5.7 percent in 2021. Despite the ongoing pandemic, this is the fastest full-year growth since 1984.
    At the same time, the U.S. added 6 million jobs in 2021, pegging the unemployment rate below 4%….” Different point of view, I suppose.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      The US economy added 6 million jobs after losing 11 millions jobs. It’s still millions of jobs below where it had been. Go look at my charts.

      All this would work a heck of a lot better without all this idiotic inflation that is now eating up the wage gains and that was brought about largely by the Fed’s reckless monetary policies.

      • Depth Charge says:

        Never forget the corrupt government handing out all of that free PPP money – almost a trillion dollars! – and paying people to stay home. That had a massive hand in it as well.

        • historicus says:

          Estimates for the government …$100 billion of fraud…
          they have recovered about $2 billion.
          A lot of the money went OUT OF THE COUNTRY!!!

          The government can just go borrow some more at near zero….
          and that is the problem.

    • Richard Greene says:

      Look at a labor force participation rate chart.
      Not good news.

      Try to hire and keep employees if you own a small business. Our wealthy friends are having nervous breakdowns over labor shortages and quits at their small business.

      The US economy declined -3.4% in 2020 and rose +5.7% in 2021. That adds up to +2% growth in two years WITH a HUGE expansion of deficit spending and a similar HUGE growth of Fed assets. And the 2% imay over state growth — many people believe it is based on an inflation rate that understates actual inflation.

      In 4Q 2021, the Real GDP rose at a 6.9% annual rate.
      But 4.9 points of the 6.9% growth rate was inventory growth that did not seem to be needed for rising sales in early 2022. Meaning that Real Final Sales rose at a 2% annual rate in 4Q 2021.

      I don’t see both 2% numbers as something to brag about. Plus Junpin’ Joe Biden will find some way to make the economy worse.

      And Powell at the Fed talks about “tightening” but so far Fed Assets rose $82 billion in the past two weeks — that not a serious signal about fighting inflation. So far just Blah blah blah. Wolf does not agree with me on this but Fed members will have strong pressure on them to not hurt the economy in the next nine months before an election where it currently looks like Democrats will lose Control of Congress. Fed members who arer Democrats won’t want to see that happen. Those who are Republicans will be pressured to ‘take it easy’ in an election year. Everything is political these days. Even Covid vaccines are political.

      The most overvalued stock market in history (capitalization as a % of GDP) will not ignore the amount of Fed tightening needed to cut inflation in half. Investors are already nervous just from talk about “tapering” — if their confidence has peaked, stock prices will go down. Stock prices climb a “ladder” of increasing confidence that peaks when stock prices peak.

      • Richard Greene says:

        The new numbers are in for this week:

        Federal Reserve Credit this week
        expanded $12.9bn to a record $8.839 TN.
        Over the past 124 weeks,
        Fed Credit expanded $5.112 TN, or 137%.

        Federal Reserve Credit last week
        surged $88.6bn to a record $8.826TN.
        Over the past 123 weeks,
        Fed Credit expanded $5.099 TN, or 137%.

        The Fed keeps “printing money”, with $88.6 billion last week, and $12.9 billion this week.

        An optimist would say the “money printing” slowed down a lot this week.

        A pessimist would say the “money printing” in the past two weeks does not add up to a Federal Reserve Bank very serious about “fighting inflation” in 2022.

        • RH says:

          The banksters’ privately owned “Federal” Reserve only pretends to care about inflation or most Americans’ interests. Coincidentally, no doubt, they continually funnel billions in QE commissions, “Federal” Reserve dividends, ultra slow interest rate loans, etc., to their banksters and their group.

          Read about the history of organized crime, the non-Italian part, and you will discover who has been running this brilliant scam on gullible Americans for decades and so controlling our money and thereby our politicians and government. Where do you think the billions generated from gambling, drugs, high-level prostitution, Las Vegas casinos, etc., wound up?

  7. Marco says:

    Fed STILL not worried … near zero Interest Rates , QE still flowing , no QT for months

    • Poor like you says:

      Do you think they’re really not worried? Or do you think they’ve painted themselves into a corner? I mean, it really is a ‘damned if you do, damned if you don’t” situation.

      • Depth Charge says:

        They’re not worried. They became fantastically wealthy. And the longer they put off the tightening and the raising of rates, the more money it means for them. They are going to slow-mo this thing as much as possible. They are never going to get ahead of inflation.

        • Marco says:

          Have to agree.
          Not a bug but a feature …

        • DawnsEarlyLight says:

          True, there many things happening in the US that appear to be accepted by blind people, but are instead well planned and orchestrated.

      • historicus says:

        , “it really is a ‘damned if you do, damned if you don’t” situation.”

        It’s DAMNED because you DID stupid over the top policy moves.

        Continuing is not an option. Hard measures now must be implemented by the responsible parties.

  8. Eastern Bunny says:

    Biden must send FBI to storm Fed headquarters, arrest all their members for insider trading, perp walk them on live TV, blame inflation squarely on the Fed, bring on Volcker II and tell the nation the hard truth about our economy.
    That will deliver a big win for him in November.
    Fed is a crime syndicate.

  9. Publius says:

    And after another month and a half of this, the Fed might raise rates to 4-5% under inflation. That’s what I call “nimble”!

    • Depth Charge says:

      I’m looking for a chintzy quarter point hike, and then the FED acting like “look at us, we’re so aggressive.”

      • Tom Bond says:

        a quarter point is what the media calls “stunning and brave” and “a serious threat to the economy”

      • historicus says:

        Inflation just went up about 24 1/4pts…….
        and the hand wringing is about 2,3,or 4 1/4pt rate hikes?

        It is beyond absurd.

        the Taylor Rule would have Fed Funds about 6% right now…
        and that would have shaken the boots of the cavalier Fed Governors.
        That is what is needed. IMO

  10. DR DOOM says:

    The real question is what is the political impact in the hallowed halls of Congress . The Fed’s bitch master has a problem they are ignoring, for now. Powell is their man. He’s got this. The next Whooooosh they hear might be the voters chucking them out on their grifter ass. We need a new set of grifter’s. Spread the wealth around by bringing in a new batch of grifter’s in a form of Congressional Grifter Equity. It’s the American way.

    • TheRealBlutarsky says:

      Little nuggets like this are the reason I drop-by here often. Simple, straight-forward but speaks to a systemic cluster of bad behavior… Samuel Clemens had it nailed many years ago… “There is no criminal Class in the United States other than the US Congress”

    • Poor like you says:

      The effective duopoly in Congress ensures that nothing will ever fundamentally change.

      • Augustus Frost says:

        It wouldn’t matter if there are more than two parties. The voters are equally at fault. Voters overwhelmingly want the government to do more of what’s failed spectacularly, believing it will be “different next time”. It’s called long term social decay.

        • Tom Bond says:

          It would matter a lot if there was a sane party. Voters would chose it if they could. Some places are >50% on a dole, but most are not – those people have no representation, not in media, not in academia, not by a party even outside of power. Those people would chose better if there was such a choice.

        • phleep says:

          Great points! I think it is both decadent voters and institutional decay. Everybody drifts into their own grifts, by small increments, with excuses plastered on. I think it is a mistake to pick one corner of this many-sided problem and should “there’s the (exclusive) bad guy!”

        • Augustus Frost says:


          Your argument is for political devolution with which I agree. At the state or local level, your preference might work. With most policy centralized, never.

    • Jake W says:

      their ages along should be a disqualifier. these geriatrics have had the reins of power long enough.

    • historicus says:

      ” the political impact in the hallowed halls of Congress ”

      The questioning at the last hearing from Sherrod Brown, the chairman of the Senate Banking Committee that allegedly oversees the Fed….weak, off topic, orchestrated.
      Congress loves the low cost of the Trillion dollar spending bills….and that is a caution.

    • DawnsEarlyLight says:

      Unfortunately, parties vote as bundled package. There is not too much thinking about it. To tell the truth, a lot of our decisions deal with the good and the bad bundled together. Heck, that’s how CONgress works!

    • Nick Kelly says:

      WR: I’m putting this here so u can kill after reading:

      ‘These two vile wastes of human flesh have presided over the death of this country. All of the bad stuff has happened right under their noses. You know why? Because they WANTED it. They should be facing the death penalty for treason.’

      This would never have appeared on yr site 2 years ago. The tone is going downhill and I see you getting testy. You kill my digressions/ rants all the time. No prob. But the above is over the top. I suggest you do one of 2 things: either limit comments to biz. finance, money OR start a second site ( hire some kid) called maybe Wolf Hunters, where culture wars can flourish. Hey, with all respect. if that’s where the eyeballs are..

  11. IStever says:

    These fools and their .25 rate increases will do nothing to stem this tide. Powell should be incarcerated for such blatant malfeasance.

    • The Real Tony says:

      Of course the rate of inflation will magically move lower as the midterms approach. In 2023 the U.S. dollar will fall off a cliff as hyperinflation ravages America.

      • Tony22 says:

        The best election poster is to post supermarket ads with prices from five, ten or twenty years ago.

        Plenty available on historical newspaper sites, which you can often use your library’s subscription to so as to view for free.

    • historicus says:

      Breach of fiduciary responsibility
      Failure to follow the three mandates as laid out in the Federal Reserve Act Reformation of 1977
      Max employment (success)
      Stable Prices (fail)
      Moderate Long Term interest rates (fail) All time lows are immoderately extreme.
      “The Federal Reserve Act 1977 states that the Board of Governors and the FOMC should conduct monetary policy “so as to promote effectively the goals of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates.””
      Their “Dual mandate” game intentionally carves out the third mandate, the one that would have prevented what they did to get us in this mess.
      Moderate long term interest rates keeps a balance between lender and borrower, it prohibits irresponsible long term debt creation by keeping a moderate cost to do so, thus it prevents current decisions making to pull wealth forward from the future to fluff the present.
      The Fed intentionally flattened the yield curve, then they pointed to their work and said “see, people arent worried about inflation”.
      Powell said the other day, “The government has no problem borrowing at these current low levels.” Missing was someone pointing out all the Treasuries and MBSs the Fed has and is purchasing to keep their foot on the interest rate scale.

      • Augustus Frost says:

        The solution to your problem is to end interest rate targeting (price fixing). There is no “correct” price anything.

        The way to prevent irresponsible borrowing is end government sponsored moral hazard. Let creditors who make foolish lending decisions suffer the consequences of their bad judgment. No bailouts and no lending guarantees.

        • sunny129 says:

          Augustus Frost

          ‘Let creditors who make foolish lending decisions suffer the consequences of their bad judgment.’

          Agree 100%

          If students could discharge their LOANS with personal bankruptcy but that choice is available to other types of loan including Business loans and Home mortgage but NOT for student loans!

          How did it happen? That Bankruptcy ‘protrction’ was removed at the behest and campaign from Banks. Mind you All banks and majority of US Corporations are registered in Delaware with PO Box addresses!

          Mr Biden who was VP at that was key instrumental in removing that protection! Public has a short memory! No wonder Educational cost went sky high! MSM has been very silent of this fact. Apparently NOT good for the establishment! It is/was tragedy which could have been prevented, corrupt politicians in power!

    • polecat says:

      Every Fed Head .. from Greasedspan on up!

  12. nick kelly says:

    There is velocity, there is acceleration, or the rate of increase in velocity and there is an increase in acceleration. Depending on where the data places the change in inflation, maybe a .5% bump in March is appropriate.

    To quote Bernanke: the Fed can always re-inflate even if it has to ‘drop money from helicopters’.
    In practice this would mean just ‘dropping’, depositing, money in every personal bank account.

    So what if the stock market drops 30%? If everyone, including the majority who aren’t glued to market screens, wakes up with an extra 1 or 2 thousand in their account, wouldn’t that be net inflationary?
    Although you can do the reverse, drain personal liquidity via taxes, you can’t just suck it out of accounts overnight.

    In which direction is there more risk of policy error, raising too fast or not fast enough?

    • historicus says:

      “So what if the stock market drops 30%?”

      Dow 26,000?
      It was 20,000 in 2016
      It was 22,000 in 2018
      maybe it was too high at 36,000

      • Old school says:

        If you punch into a dividend discount calculator the SP500 doesn’t even keep up with inflation rate at nominal 4% trend growth rate. Everyone thinks bonds stink, but stocks stink too

        With dollar strong, it’s probably good to rotate some funds outside of over priced USA.

        • Augustus Frost says:

          The USD is weak versus currencies that count.

          DXY is about 95 now. It was 120 in 2000 and 2002. It was equivalent to 185 back in 1985. Don’t know what it was in the 1960’s but presumably higher, when the FX rate versus D-Mark and CHF were about 4:1.

          The above does not incorporate interest rate or tax differentials.

        • nick kelly says:

          ‘The USD is weak versus currencies that count.’
          Which currencies are those? Or is this a flashback to days of the D-mark?

          Returning to the present: the dollar is strong against other dirty shirts and getting stronger but weakening against oil.

    • nick kelly says:

      Holy Sh%t: just read this over at Zoo hedge

      “We might need to bring back Paul Volcker,” Waldron said. “And have somebody that would be willing to kind of stay the course without regard to exactly what’s going on in the markets.”

      But who is this guy? He’s number two at Goldman.
      It’s from a piece posted yesterday with title: ‘Fed lacks will…’

      It looks the pressure on Powell is coming from unusual directions. One other thing: if he was to bump .5, no one would take his jawboning lightly for the rest of his term.

      • ru82 says:

        I am just guessing Waldron probably has a big short on bonds and is getting impatient waiting on a rate increase. He probably makes so much money inflation is not effecting him.

  13. Yancey Ward says:

    Just time for a new “Fed’s Favorite Inflation Index”.

    • Old School says:

      If you believe Steve Hanke core is going to be in this range for all of 2022. The money is already out sloshing around in the economy.

      • DR DOOM says:

        The professor Steve Hanke is armed with Milton Friedman’s Exchange Equation. He is a dangerous hombre. He has also got that wry mid-western dry biting humor he uses to educate even the dim witted among us. The lesson is simple, “its the money supply stupid”.

  14. Yancey Ward says:

    Late last year, my mother got her annual update on what Social Security would be paying her each month in 2022. She was very happy because she had heard about the adjustment upwards being the highest in decades. However, when she got the update, it showed that less money would be deposited into her checking account each month than in 2021. The Medicare plan deductions had eaten up the entire increase and then some.

    She was not happy.

    • Old School says:

      Very common situation.

      • phleep says:

        Medicare Advantage: almost free.

        • Richard Greene says:

          Medicare Advantage (C) costs at least the same as conventional Medicare (A), (B) and (D) combined. And Medicare standard premiums went up +14% in 2022.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          Many Medicare Advantage plans are FREE. Under Medicare Advantage, the government pays your HMO/insurer about $1,000 a month to keep you healthy, and when you get sick, your Advantage insurer has to pay the bill. This payment of about $1,000 per month assumes that you’re healthy. If your insurer shows that you have some chronic issues, the monthly payments can be far larger — I have read up to $4,000 per month. There was some good reporting in the NY Times (?) on the incentives for the insurer to cheat the government by claiming that you have bigger health problems than you actually have.

          Advantage plans change the equation for the patient. And there are pros and cons with it.

          Advantage plans also often include caps, which Medicare does not, they include prescription drug plans, and they often include basic dental care (free teeth-cleaning, etc.), health club memberships, etc.

          The thing to remember is that the government pays the insurer to keep you healthy. Under Medicare, the government pays the health care provider to do as much surgery and tests and other stuff as possible, often unneeded. So the incentives are very different.

        • Richard Greene says:

          Most Medicare Advantage plans are NOT free. except for low income people also on Medicaid — they are called “dual eligible”.

          Our Medicare Advantage plan, which we have had for several years are partially financed with the same amount of OUR money that would have gone to buy standard Medicare B and D coverage combined. It is NOT free for us. There are also deductibles and co-pays. Also some extra benefits, such as two teeth cleanings and one dental exam a year. The most important extra benefit may be the limit on our annual out of pocket payments which does not exist with standard Medicare. Our annual out of pocket limit is about $5,000.

          If you’re a low-income person eligible for Medicare, you also may be eligible for Medicaid. Being eligible for both Medicare and Medicaid is called being “dual eligible.” Unlike other types of Medicare coverage, you may not have premiums, deductibles, or co-payments/coinsurance if you are covered by Medicaid. Medicaid may also offer additional benefits that Medicare doesn’t, such as routine dental and routine vision services and hearing aids.

          Medicare Advantage is funded from two main sources. The plans receive some funding through monthly plan premiums, but most of the money comes from Medicare. The private insurance companies that offer the plans receive a payment each month from Medicare which averages about $1,000 a month.

        • phleep says:

          My upcoming Medicare Advantage is (one of several) offered in my area FREE. As in $0 out of pocket per month. Oh yeah, $12/month for dental. Includes all Medicare wrapped in. No medicaid involved. I think it depends on what networks are near you. Living in a well-populated city with several providers has definite advantages (no pun intended). Also living remotely adds other costs to your health picture anyway. Also for me several major provider complexes within the network within a few miles. I might also ask what state one is in — not sure if this affects it — mine is a blue state.

    • Depth Charge says:

      That’s what you call “no lube.”

    • Richard Greene says:

      We had friends who thought their Humana Medicare Advantage plan was “free”. They did not realize their Social Security checks had been reduced by the standard basic payment for Medicare B and Medicare D.

      They did not pay extra for Medicare Advantage (although some MA policies do have higher premiums than standard base Medicare) so it appeared to be free.

      If they were low income, and had qualified for Medicaid in their state, they could have had a Medicare Advantage policy for free.

      But if you are not low income, you don’t get Medicare A coverage for free.

      You must pay for Medicare B and Medicare D … whose price increases with income Payments, and are often are deducted from your monthly Social Security checks.

      • Wolf Richter says:

        well, yes, Medicare Part B is always there and has to be paid. It’s a requirement for the Advantage plan. The Advantage plan itself is often free and INCLUDES Part D coverage, often better (lower deductibles and no donut hole). It includes a bunch of other stuff, depending on the plan.

  15. phleep says:

    Real income almost flat to 2019, after this huge global shock, doesn’t look so bad to me. Yes, there was a big dip. There was a big shock. The Fed didn’t create that (though it was irresponsibly loose in years preceding the shock, in my view).

    • Jake W says:

      when you consider that we had to print $5 trillion to get that, it does look pretty bad to me.

      • Augustus Frost says:

        It looks bad to you because it’s another piece of evidence the economy is falling apart, a fake economy held together by government spending and “printing”.

  16. Kunal says:

    Wolf, yours is the only site I read that reports honest data and not sugar coated BS. Fed is enriching rich and enslaving poor. It will be nice to see these curves for rich (top 10% and 1%) and the rest and it will look even more disturbing.

    Fed should be abolished and its members should serve jail time for blatant robbery from ordinary Americans. 10+% real inflation and they won’t raise rates to even 0.25%. But ordinary Americans deserve to be scr ewed because they are typical sheep and still listen to and believe in Fed.

  17. CRV says:

    Funny how, over time, the old 2% ceiling has now been accepted as the Fed’s target and is kneaded into being accepted as an average. Next steps are getting it accepted as a bottom and then raise that up.

    • Nathan Dumbrowski says:

      Sounds crazy. Just crazy enough to work. Headline reads…

      “We need CPI > 2% or we are failing as a nation! What are you doing to help your country?”

  18. The Bob who cried Wolf says:

    Giving raises to my employees on the first of February. Also, giving notices to our tenants that rents will going up on the first of April. Just been informed by vendors that most materials will see increases on Feb 10 or so. Some vendors posting 38 week lead times for higher end windows. I sent out notices to customers three weeks ago announcing increases in my rates to them.
    Even the dems I know are calling this Venezuela.
    Somebody tell me how this ends well. It won’t.

    • Dan Romig says:

      When I ordered my home audio sub-woofers ten months ago (engineered & made in Florida) they were $2,000 per unit.

      Recently, that has been changed to $2,500 per.

      I really enjoy them and am glad I did not wait longer to pull the trigger and buy ’em.

      The Bob who quote is perfect: “… most materials will see increases.”

      • Richard Greene says:

        Welcome to the world of full range frequency response.

        Cheapskates can save a lot of money by building their own subwoofer(s). You can buy a finished box if you’re not handy. Or buying one instead of two.
        I’ve been building subs since the 1990s. My lowest cost 15″ driver sub cost only $300 to build including a used amplifier and low pass filter. It will outperform any commercial product for $2,000 or less. Adding a parametric equalizer for about $150, with at least 3 bands to tame bass resonances in your room, and your sub will outperform $5,000 subs.

        The test tone called a slow sine wave sweep, from 20 Hz. to 100Hz., will reveal how uneven the bass frequencies are at your listening position (that is a problem in every room of every home).

        • Dan Romig says:


          Right there with you on building subwoofers.

          My living room has a slight resonance in the low 40 Hz area, but I definitely prefer a “less is more” approach and run all my audio systems as flat as possible. Not into tone controls or equalizers.

          These subs take a line-level input from the preamp & run through a 4th order Linkwitz-Riley active crossover, which I set @ 80 Hz, to feed a high-pass line-level signal to the main amp directly. From 22 to 118 Hz, they run within plus or minus 1.5 dB output in an anechoic test set up!

          I do have a pair of actively crossed 15″ Rockford Fosgate subs in airtight cabinets (2.5 cubic feet volume) I made with 3/4″ marine grade plywood & no internal parallel surfaces, for my second audio system, but doubt I would be able to match the new subs’ accuracy with anything I could make myself.

        • Richard Greene says:

          Dan, as an audiophile since 1965, I hate to disappoint you … but no subwoofer in any location is likely to do better than +/- 6db in an ordinary home listening room, when using the correct test tones and a sound meter for measurements.

          Anechoic response is irrelevant in a home listening room.

          But the bottom line is if you enjoy the music, the audio system has done it’s job.

        • Dan Romig says:

          Haven’t done a set of test tones & a microphone check analysis, but my ears are indeed very happy with the balance of my system.

          The frequency vs dB sound output response is definitely dependent on room acoustics from the time it leaves the subs until it arrives to my ears (or a microphone). But it is the “Holy Grail” to have a dead-flat response in an anechoic test. Plus, this can be replicated and can be used to compare with other speakers.

          Kind of like having zero to 100 kph stats. It’s never going to be identical between different drivers and all the other variables that come into play to make the stats published in the car magazines. But I want the shortest time to go fast, and I want the flattest response from my speakers.

          My goal is to have the most accurate set up; without going off the deep end spending money to do it. From that perspective Richard, I think we speak the same language, eh?

  19. Danno says:

    Wolf could you do an article if you believe the price of oil will handicap anything the FED does moving forward?

    Thank you as always.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      If oil goes much higher, inflation will go higher, and the Fed will tighten faster, sooner, further….

      Oil is still cheap at $87 for WTI. Between 2011 and 2014, it was running between $80 and $110. In 2008, it hit $150. There has been a lot of inflation in that decade, but oil got cheaper.

      • Swamp Creature says:


        Another theory. If oil goes higher, prices at the pump will go higher, but inflation overall may not go higher as the price of gas is somewhat inelastic. People who just shelled out 50K for a new car are not going to let it sit on the driveway just because gas is 1$ or $2 more a gallon. They are going to pay. That means they have less money to buy other things. Less money chasing the same amount of goods. That’s deflationary. Add in the Fed tightening and you have all the ingrediants for a major recession.

    • Nick Kelly says:

      Saudi has announced price increase coming.

  20. Dietmar says:

    By now I think this is all done on purpose. These people playing monetary Lords, are either complete idiots or crooks. In my view the later is more likely to be the truth.

    • Old School says:

      I was thinking how did we get to the place that a Fed chairman can blow up the world by one bad sentence. But it is what you get when you play God and leverage up the world. But maybe that’s what you have to do when you are in fourth quarter of reserve currency game.

      • historicus says:

        Old School
        “blow up the world by one bad sentence.”
        Ask a friend in the brokerage business if he heard what the Fed just said………then be sure you can watch his face.
        It will prove that Powell is the most powerful man in the world without an army

  21. Phoenix_Ikki says:

    Read somewhere that under the old way of how FED measured inflation, we are well at 11% or higher YoY. Wolf, would you happen to have those numbers?

    If looking at real estate, especially in SoCal, one can only dream about inflation at 5% YoY, definitely in the double digits.

    • jon says:

      The real inflation on the ground is at least 20% plus. Manipulated govt metric is 7% plus I guess.

      • Swamp Creature says:


        Real unemployment is close to 18%. Add that to the inflation rate and you have a misery index of close to 40%. Carter’s topped out at 20%. We own Jimmy boy an apoligy.

    • Wolf Richter says:


      The purchase of a home is considered the purchase of an asset, such as stocks, and is not included in the CPI. What is included is the cost of “shelter,” which is a service, and this figure is based on two rent factors that I discuss every time when CPI is released. “Shelter” counts for about 32% of CPI. It’s huge.

      I’m OK with this theory of using rent to approximate the cost of shelter as a service. But the problem is that the two rent factors, though they’re now spiking (chart below), are way behind reality. Rents are spiking by the double digits (article coming this weekend), and this is very slow in getting picked up by the two rent factors.

      Below are the two relevant charts. To find out more, click on the link:


      If house prices had been included in the CPI, it would have generated massively negative overall CPI readings (deflation) during the housing bust. Instead, CPI remained positive (inflation). That’s why I think that it is valid to exclude home prices from CPI, and use the cost of shelter instead. But the cost of shelter needs to be calculated properly.

    • Swamp Creature says:

      David Stockman has inflation at 13.8%. I go with his figures, not government bull s$it.

      • Wolf Richter says:

        His number is bullshit. Basic math proves it. And I have had to explain these here a bunch of times. If inflation is 13.8% every year for six years, and you got by with an income of $40,000 in the first year, in year six you will need an income of $86,900. Which is of course bullshit. That is not happening. It’s the math of compounding that blows this nonsense from Shadowstats and all the others out of the water. Just do the math!!!

        CPI-W is nearly 8% as a national average. And that may be getting close. Every town and city has different inflation dynamics. So local inflation rates differ.

  22. Good news, growth is strong, the Fed won’t be raising rates. The markets get it. Those comps are going to disappear, inflation is a moving target, pretty soon it stops moving or it falls.

    • Jake W says:

      is this for real?

    • historicus says:

      “The Cause can not be the Solution. In fact, and nearly always, the solution is 180 degrees from the Cause.”

      Johnson’s Razor

    • Depth Charge says:

      This is dumb. Of course the FED will be raising rates, but it will be woefully late and insignificant. But to say they won’t be raising at all if foolish. Will you be back here to eat your words in March?

    • Flea says:

      We have a slowing economy

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Ambrose Bierce,

      Are you basing your investment decisions on this?

      • sunny129 says:

        ‘Are you basing your investment decisions on this?’

        This is the dominant, prevailing ‘hopium’ talk from the financial media!
        A Lot of wishful thinking out there.

        NOT many there with very few exceptions (in bloggers’ world) are NOT dissecting & systematically analyzing the data. like you do! Thank you for that!

      • Haven’t made an investment decision in years. I feel better now about growth prospects than I did twenty years ago. That was a lost decade by the way. The big issue to me is the end of consumer focused solutions. The real problems are corporate. How do you stop a pandemic, or a cyber attack? The solutions aren’t more government either.

    • Richard Greene says:

      Would you be interested in buying my 25% share of the Brooklyn Bridge?

  23. Putter says:

    Just allowing rates to normalize (positive real rates) will crush stocks, bonds and housing. Inflation will collapse with it! If the Fed simply gets out of the way, as they claim they are going to do in March.

  24. Brett Austin says:

    Just got my SoCal electric bill and even though we used virtually the same number of kilowatts it was 12.75% higher than last month. Must be the benefit of solar and wind?

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Did you check the price of natural gas recently? Wind didn’t get any more expensive. Actually, it’s still free. But the price of natural gas at the NYMEX more than tripled since 2020, NOT including the 46% spike and plunge the other day.

      • David Hall says:

        Natural gas used to be cheaper than coal. Global coal consumption is increasing. One day in West Texas it is windy and electricity is cheap. Another day less wind and the price of electricity spikes.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          Wind is always free. The price of natural gas ranges from cheap to expensive, but it’s never free. You need expensive equipment for both to generate electricity. But for one, the fuel is free.

      • Richard Greene says:

        Th word “free” is very deceptive.

        Wind itself may be “free” but the cost of generating electric power with the wind is considerably more expensive than coal, natural gas and nuclear power.

        The power generated by wind is highly variable and unpredictable, so requires 100% natural gas backup for when the wind is too slow to generate electricity.

        The claimed Levelized Cost of Energy numbers leave out many large expenses, including fossil furl backup, long transmission lines and the much shorter lifespans for windmills and solar panels versus other sources of electric power power.

        LCOE really means Liars Cost Of Energy.

  25. MonkeyBusiness says:

    It’s transitory.


    Next time it will be even higher!!! I promise

    – Pow Team

  26. dishonest says:

    Why should Powell care? Like James Cagney’s Cody Jarrett character, he’s “made it ma, top of the world”. It’s nothing but rainbow for Jerome from here out. When he retires the money will flow into his pockets. Powell is taking care of the only people who count.

    By the way, He’s tearing his hair out in that cartoon because one of the maids showed him the price of caviar.

  27. CreditGB says:

    Just wait until the IRS makes their tax adjustments. Every Gov’t bureau will increase “fees” too, but they are not technically taxes.
    Still it all comes out of the pocket doesn’t it.

  28. Jerome P. says:

    “Regular Americans”

    Please define, as I am unfamiliar with this term.

  29. Finster says:

    But the Fed says it did all this ZIRP and QE
    to *support* the economy. Is it possible things don’t work the way the Fed claims?

    • Depth Charge says:

      They’re “supporting” their bank accounts. They were frontrunning Wall St., day trading on their own future policies. They were using the US Treasury – the money of the people – to amass fantastic personal fortunes. There has never been a greater level of corruption. This is treason, and should be treated as such. Powell should be removed from office IMMEDIATELY. Instead, this corrupt-to-the-core Cadaver In Chief, has nominated him for reelection. He likes what he sees.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Thanks for letting me know.

      These people quoted me as if I had said this about the Q4 2022 GDP report, which is BS. I wrote this in April 2019 discussing the Q1 2019 GDP report. And I’m not an “affiliate” of them either. They just publish some of my articles. I need to tell them to stop it. This is garbage what they’re doing.

      • Richard Greene says:

        Your statement made sense even out of context. A large quarterly increase in inventories is good news if economic growth is accelerating. But I don’t see that happening in 1Q 2022.

        That Reckoning website is strange:
        They wrote:
        “Assume the government pays a fellow to shovel out a hole. Assume further it pays him to shovel it back in. In the official telling, you have just witnessed an increase to the gross domestic product. Have you? Or have you merely witnessed a derangement, the fruitless birth and death of a hole?”

        That’s very colorful language, although I have no idea how it explains volatility of inventories from quarter to quarter.

        • NBay says:

          Sounds pretty FN stupid to me….and…..”colorful”?

          Assume a CORP designs and advertises a car/fridge/washer, or whatever, that people can talk to…..

  30. Depth Charge says:

    The DOW is up for the week, erasing the entirety of the losses. Weimar Boy Powell is a gutless, yellow-bellied coward. He is one of the weakest human beings we have ever seen in power. I bet his handshake is like a cold, wet noodle.

    • Tom S. says:

      Day isn’t over bud. Markets have been moving to the opposite of the open every afternoon.

      B of A called for 7 rate hikes this morning. Don’t give up on the Fed as an inflation fighter just yet. Employment is going to remain near a maximum for quite a while as far as I can tell, gives them a lot of room to act.

      • Pea Sea says:

        Day’s over now. Finished green

      • Dazed And Confused says:

        Multiple Wall St banks recently lifted their predictions for fed funds rates this year and next. Looks like 1.5-2% this year and 2.5-3% next would not be a big shock to investors now.

        Maybe the FOMC’s forward guidance dot plot will reflect this at the next meeting or they may take another couple of meetings to catch up. As long as inflation and jobs reports stay hot, this tightening of forward guidance could continue for many months.

        Next up is the Jan jobs report next week.

        • Depth Charge says:

          3% by the end of next year, with inflation according to old measures running double digits? Buckle up, because Top Ramen is going to be a luxury by then.

      • Patrick G Serowka says:

        5 to 7 rate hikes, are these ppl high, there will be no meaningful rate hikes, what’s these banks angle on this malarkey, their selling garbage & this is there sales pitch

      • Flea says:

        Run for the hills when banks want higher rates ,they wiil front run bonds ,and Buffett is a huge shareholder I own buffett

    • jon says:

      Powell is doing what is best for him and his friends personally.

    • Swamp Creature says:


      Now tell us how you really feel

    • Wolf Richter says:

      I told you on Monday that there would have to be a bounce to “make your ears ring.” And on Friday, we finally got part 2, after having gotten part 1 into the close on Monday.

      “Nothing Goes to Heck in a Straight Line.”


    • Richard Greene says:

      “erasing the entirety of losses” ?

      Every major stock index is down so far this year,
      except in Brazil – their Bovespa index rose 2.7%
      last week (and is up 6.8% year to date)

      Not so good in the US:

      S&P500 up 0.8% last week (down 7.0% y-t-d)

      Dow Industrial up .3% (down 4.4%)

      Utilities down 1.8% (down 5.9%)

      Transports down 1.3% (down 8.7%)

      S&P 400 Midcaps down 0.6% (down 9.3%)

      Small cap Russell 2000 down 1.0% (down 12.3%)

      Nasdaq100 little changed (down 11.4%)

      Semiconductors down 3.8% (down 16.3%)

      Biotechs down 0.9% (down 10.3%).

      With gold bullion down $44,
      the HUI gold stock index was down 6.3%
      (down 7.2%).

      Bitcoin rose $1,409, or 3.9%,
      this week to $37,801
      (down 18.5% year to date).

    • Wolf Richter says:


      Your implication is? Citing this link is BS because there has been ZERO economic data for Q1 2022 so far. The Atlanta Fed GDPNOW is based on economic data as it is released. So there is no data, and its “initial” NowCast (released today, which you linked) starts at zero because there is no Q1 data. Duh!!! It is meaningless, and everyone knows this.

      • Richard Greene says:

        I’ve followed the model since it was launched about 10 years ago. But the GDP now typically over estimates growth until the quarter has actually ended. which is about three weeks before the official advance numbers are released. So i don’t bother looking until the quarter has ended. The average error at the end of the quarter is in the 0.5 to 1.0 percentage point range.

        But the official advance GDP number also gets revised many times. If the GDP quarter is near the start of a recession, large downward revisions are common (up to a year later).

  31. DawnsEarlyLight says:

    Wow, this is some scary stuff! Higher prices, smaller containers, hard to get items. This spike seems like it was a sudden knock on the door. Is there a true genuine fix to this mess? The last chart really hits home.

    • ru82 says:

      Dominos pizza said they are getting hit with higher input prices. They said they will keep their $7.99 pizza on the menu. But it will only have 6 slices instead of 8 and they will put less topping on.

      That sounds like 25% inflation to me.

  32. Flea says:

    People are foolish ,spent stimulus,now rents due student loans ,soon too stock market down. Stopped at a quick trip store delivery driver and clerk discussing buying more stock , 9% correction is a bounce then higher ,maybe 2-3 weeks ,afterward flush your money goodbye

    • endeavor says:

      Stopped at a quick trip store delivery driver and clerk discussing buying more stock , 9% correction is a bounce then higher ,maybe 2-3 weeks ,afterward flush your money goodbye.

      I want to know what the shoe shine boys says,

    • MiTurn says:

      “People are foolish ,spent stimulus,now rents due student loans ,soon too stock market down.”

      But they’re sure enjoying their recently purchased over-priced new vehicle…at least till it is repossessed!

  33. ru82 says:

    The beat goes on….I just received 3 postcards in the mail today from real estate investment companies wanting to by my rental home.

    Land grab is still on.

    • Patrick G Serowka says:

      No grab, just trolling for suckers

    • Swamp Creature says:


      I’ve got a pile a foot high of solicitations to buy my home. They actually don’t want to buy it. They want to tear it down. I sent out post cards telling them to get me off their mailing list. Didn’t work. What I’m thinking of doing is releasing their e-mail and phone number to all the spam solicitors and phone solicitors and give them a dose of their own medicine.

  34. Jim Cramer Fan says:

    If people DCA’d into low-cost index funds and Bitcoin for the past two years, they would come out way ahead of inflation… even with the recent Bitcoin dip. I have little sympathy for savers (cash hoarders) and people who blow all of their money on frivolous things. Your actions (or inaction in the case of savers) have consequences. Understand what the Fed is doing and play it accordingly. Some great deals out there right now!

    • Jake W says:

      people like you are what’s wrong with this country.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Jim Cramer Fan,

      Bitcoin was devalued by 50% over the past few month, while the fiat dollar was devalued maybe 2% over the same period. What kind of shit are you trying to sell me :-]

      • somethingstinks says:

        1 terrorist event anywhere in the world financed by Bitcoin and all this goes poof!!

    • Richard Greene says:

      Two weeks ago, in just one week, Bitcoin’s lost 15.6%. Etherium fell 28%, Litecoin 27%, and Binance 28%.
      Not exactly a stable store of value !

    • phleep says:

      Yes, luck feels so good, until it inverts.

    • Depth Charge says:

      You should definitely buy more DoggyCONs. Go all in.

    • Swamp Creature says:

      Jim Cramer Fan

      Who’s paying you to post this bull s$it on Wolf’s site?

      • somethingstinks says:

        The HTTP weblogs have source IP addresses… there are WAFs that probe the true client IP even from behind a proxy….The only way to combat trolling is to reveal those IP addresses for each post. I know “privacy” and “anonymity” and “first amendment” but either that or a truly good discussion gets scuttled by scumbags.

    • MonkeyBusiness says:

      Sure, the final history has not been written yet, but I still believe that a lot of people will DCA their way to bankruptcy with their Bitcoin “investment”.

  35. SnotFroth says:

    Slightly off topic but in the vein of income being eaten by the abyss, I’ve been seeing many posts on the WallStreetBets type forums of people complaining that they booked big gains last year, rolled them into new speculative positions that just got wiped out in the last few weeks, and now it’s about time to pay last year’s capital gains taxes on the gains that just got vaporized. Ouch!

  36. sunny129 says:

    ‘asks him about the impact of inflation on regular Americans’

    Probably Mr. Powell’s vocabulary doesn’t include ‘regular’ Americans. When a WP reporter asked the impact on lower income groups, he mumbled and then blurted out ‘ some (?) of the socio-economic groups will bear more pain
    Fed in denial of several things including increasing inflation#, loss of purchasing power of US$ inspite of wage increase, their responsibility in creating and increasing the wealth & income inequality, unlike any time in the recent past!
    Fed has NO credibility left any way. His answers will be ‘wishy-washy’ in contrast to Greenspan’s conflicting,confusing (apparently his intention apparently) and incoherent answers!

  37. sunny129 says:

    The indexes ended green after zooming up in the last hour of the trade day. Guess they are fron running the ‘end of the month’ cash contribution- inflow to the pension funds! They also required by law, to re-balance 60-40 between stocks and bonds!

    Mr Mkt has his own mind. Absolutely NO sound fundamentals to stay invested or add more cash, unless buying for hedges! wait n See!

    • Jake W says:

      yeah, once the algos are triggered, that’s what happens. algo trading should be made illegal.

      • sunny129 says:

        Jake W

        SEC is quite aware of that. They could do a lot things to curb it, but won;t! Why? That kind of trading is immesely profitable to stock exchanges in USA and also all over the World!

        Before 2009, you could NOT place an order for a PUT unless there was ‘UP TICK’ first. All went out of the window in the March of ’09! Greed won over prudence!

        SEC is NOT protecting the public interest but industrys’ interest. Wonder Made off was NOT discovered after 20 yrs until DEc of 2008!

  38. Escierto says:

    The USD is at a high it hasn’t seen since before covid – it skyrocketed after Powell’s remarks. So either the skeptical comments here are right or the market is right. My money is on the market.

    • drifterprof says:

      DXY has gone up about 1.3 percent in four days. I’m hoping it continues so I can do some fx out of USD. But I would not bet on something caused by what Powell said. Probably do better at the blackjack table.

      If your money is simply “on the market,” chance are it will be going out of your pocket into someone else’s pocket.

  39. sunny129 says:

    Let’s re cap what Fed has done
    The Fed’s actions have repeatedly led to adverse outcomes throughout history despite the best of intentions.

    In the early 70’s it was the “Nifty Fifty” stocks,

    Then Mexican and Argentine bonds a few years after that

    “Portfolio Insurance” was the “thing” in the mid -80’s

    Dot.com anything was a great investment in 1999

    Real estate has been a boom/bust cycle roughly every other decade, but 2007 was a doozy

    Today, it’s real estate, FAANNGT, debt, credit, private equity, SPAC’s, IPO’s, “Meme” stocks…or rather…”everthing.”

    Now the 3rd largest ‘everything’ bubble of the 21st century is staring at them! Do Mr. Powell has ‘intestinal fortitude’ to do what’s right? Don’t hold your breath!

    • Augustus Frost says:

      Not the 21st century, it’s the Greatest Bubble Of All Time (GBOAT).

  40. Patrick G Serowka says:

    Great stuff Wolf but fed clearly has had no interest in protecting purchasing power as long as they inflate equity owners, they care most about bailing out owners which casts great doubt on NY expectation of tightening, they react like an unlaid teen when liquidity shows any sign of waning, so you can still make 15% buying agg commodities as they have no real intention of tightening, it’s not even clear they’d allow balance sheet roll offs, they will just keep amassing treasuries & real estate debt, they have no credibility and have adhered themselves into a corner,p no palatable way out.

    • drifterprof says:

      “When asset inflation gets out of hand, people don’t call it inflation. They call it a boom.” (Lords of Easy Money)

      • historicus says:

        I saw the review for that book in the WSJ…..
        your thoughts? Good book?

        • drifterprof says:

          It’s a good book to incrementally acquire information related to the QE era of the Fed. It gives me a little deeper understanding of the mindset of the modern monetarists, who may have paved the the road with somewhat good intentions.

          But IMO an underlying theme I disagree with is that it seems to whitewash the Fed. It reads as if the lords of easy money were some modern aberration of an otherwise great job the Fed has done historically. And Hoenig was a hero going against the group-think.

          From the description I do admire Hoenig, his life as a real old-style straight-arrow American. But I don’t buy the underlying theme that the Fed has been superior to other possible financial control structures consistent with the original Constitution.

          Although, given my view that the Fed is basically an evil institution representing primarily the rich, I have no clue about what alternatives to the Fed would have a chance of working out better.

        • historicus says:

          drifter prof
          Thanks for the input.

          IMO, the Fed needs to be held to their mandates, and they have not been. They have been allowed to carve out the mandate of “moderate long rates” and also been extremely lax in the stable prices mandate. They self mandated a 2% inflation goal which I find a direct violation of their stable prices mandate.
          There seems to be no “check” on the Fed when they drift off mission, they seem to expand the money supply NOT to react to the economic demands of an expanding economy but to “goose” the economy (and markets) with inflation as the cost.
          What is needed is hard guard rails…
          GDP expands by X, the money supply may expand by Y.
          Inflation is %A, Fed Funds are %B.
          Taylor Rule is a starting point.

  41. Dazed And Confused says:

    Less than a year ago, inflation was 2%.
    And over the last 10 years up to today including the surge over the last year, inflation averaged (geometric mean) <2.2% per year.
    The 5 year breakeven inflation rate is below 3% while the 10 year breakeven inflation rate is below 2.5%.

    There seems to be a lot of recency bias in people's expectations from the Fed. Extrapolating from the recent period of disinflation over the last decade and low to moderate inflation in the decades prior to that to the current period of high and accelerating inflation might not be prudent.

    • stoneweapon says:

      The disparity between inflation and GDP is most likely going to expand in 2022.

      The masses will bear the consequences of stagflation.

      The multinationals will grow market share

      Governments will expand welfare.

      This is the course the Fed will maintain.

      • The Real Tony says:

        My guess the gap will narrow in the second half of this year but widen in 2023 when inflation starts to turn to hyperinflation.

        • sunny129 says:

          NO recession, in between! Wow!

          There is going to ‘nasty’ recession before the end of 2023, if not earlier. Global recession including USA. Been in the mkt since ’82 and gone through more than one recession.

          The coming one could be, as legendary JIm Rogers says ‘ will be a BEAR mkt of a life time’ for many especially newbie investors (45y or below) who entered the mkt after March ’09! DIP buying was so easy, every one was smart stock investor!

          The KARMA pay back of creating $ out of thin air and spending the ‘easy-peasy’ money for the last 13 tears will NOT go without serious consequences to US Economy and the mkts!

    • historicus says:

      “the recent period of disinflation ”
      where ? when?

      • Dazed And Confused says:


        “the recent period of disinflation ”
        where ? when?”

        Decade ending exactly 1 year ago (Jan 2021) just prior to the very recent surge in inflation.
        Inflation averaged (geometric mean) 1.7% during that decade.
        Inflation averaged 2.3% the prior decade and 2.7% the decade before that.

        • historicus says:

          That is 1.7% up…right?
          Now 7% up…right?


          Point to the deflation.

          Even now, if inflation goes from 7% to 3%…..that is still NOT deflation. That is 3% ON TOP of the 7%.
          Even a retracement of the 7% can not be considered “deflation”.
          Up 7% then, assuming, down 2% still is a net 5% increase.

        • Dazed And Confused says:


          Disinflation is not deflation.

          Disinflation is a decrease in the rate of inflation – a slowdown in the rate of increase of the general price level of goods and services in a nation’s gross domestic product over time. It is the opposite of reflation. Disinflation occurs when the increase in the “consumer price level” slows down from the previous period when the prices were rising.

          Deflation is a decrease in the general price level of goods and services. Deflation occurs when the inflation rate falls below 0% (a negative inflation rate).

        • historicus says:

          Let me know when “deflation” undoes the 7% of the last year….
          and leave us back to a base line zero gain …… which would result in Stable Prices over that period, not deflation.

  42. truth says:

    RE: Biden must send FBI to storm Fed headquarters, arrest all their members for insider trading.

    But he has not done that and is not going to, or he would have already?

    They all need to be removed but who is going to do that?

    Can’t you see how serious this all is? Sure, they should have Raised Rates long ago but now they are trapped.

    What do you think is going to happen if they raise Rates now?

    Yes, of course they don’t care they made millions form this it’s all on us now

  43. stoneweapon says:

    Inflation, Stagflation, Hyperinflation

    It is my opinion these institutionalized terms are insufficient at describing where we are now.

    We need a better word such as ‘disjointed inflation’ or ‘reserve hyper-inflation’ for when inflation doubles or triples GDP growth.

    At what point should the gap between inflation and GDP growth be defined as a consequence of stagflation?

    2% inflation with negative 2% GDP is better than 15% inflation with 6% GDP.

    We know CPI is a rigged formula and should be around 15%

    We need to better define the gap between inflation and GDP.

  44. ivanislav says:

    I got my comment deleted for mentioning it along with “booga booga” … tread carefully! Hah.

  45. Hyperinflation IS the soft landing says:

    Don’t worry, by February the BLS’ new inflation measure will magically cut January’s number in half so the Fed can claim victory.

  46. Winston says:

    Even when it appears they hit their 2% target, the reality is otherwise because the figure is a manipulated fiction.

  47. Anthony says:

    I still can’t get away from the feeling that everything is going as the Fed wants and that sometime in the future it intends to really crash the markets. It may sound wacko but it would , at least, explain what they have been doing for the last 20 years.

    I mean, if I was a super rich money guy or banker, having understood the book The Art of War, it’s what I would do if I wanted to own it all. After all, getting the proles deep in debt, would be great fun and very profitable……

    • Anthony says:

      Yum yum, lots of profit

    • Augustus Frost says:

      Most of the (supposedly) super rich would lose their shirts in the scenario you describe. There aren’t 724 genius billionaires around.

      Even if they were that smart, who are 724 billionaires going to sell to? Someone has to own these bubble priced assets all the time.

  48. c1ue says:

    I’ve been looking further into the Volcker Shock and Awe campaign vs. the Powell toe dip campaign:

    It is far from clear that the Fed’s present plan – rate hike in March followed by likely 2,3 [3,4] more rate hikes – is going to have any effect whatsoever on inflation. Barring a 0.5% or 1%+ rate hike, 3 or even 5 hikes will raise the interest rate to ~1.5% vs. the 7%-ish inflation going on now.

    Recall Volcker raised interest rates to 20% peak in order to tame inflation in the 1980s.
    10%+ Fed prime rates dropped inflation in half (from 11%) in 1974 but that lasted only 2 years – after which kicked off the spiral that ended with the Volcker spike.
    A comparable increase today vs. 1974 would require an increase in prime rate of 7.5%.
    A comparable increase today vs. the Volcker spike would require an increase in prime rate of 13.75%

    Oh, and of course 1973-1974 also saw an epic bear market: The Dow Jones Industrial average dropped 45%.

    • Depth Charge says:

      The FED is still drinking their transitory Kool-Aid. They fully believe that once supply chains start easing, that this inflation is going to, in their words, “settle down” on its own. They are completely blowing it, still.

      • stoneweapon says:

        Inflation is the primary cause of supply chain disruptions. There’s too many pieces of credit built into our supply chains.

        • sunny129 says:

          On going Supply chain disruptions( caused by Omicron – BA 1 and now BA 2) enhances the inflation number.Fed is helpless in this regard. Labor participation ( Baby boomers retiring, great resignation movement+) is declining. This puts pressure in wage increase, in turn has an effect on inflation!
          Fed is trapped by designs of it’s own. Their Karma is biting back.
          Without Fed ( credit creation) there is NO mkt of any kind. But DIP buyers keep jumping in,like lemmings!

        • stoneweapon says:

          And a huge shift of liquidity from tourism receipts to construction receipts

      • c1ue says:

        More fun facts:
        The Fed has changed rates 353 times since 1947.
        193 were increases, but 6 – 1% and 9 – 0.75%
        160 were decreases, but 1 – 2%, 11 – 1% and 4 – 0.75% decreases.
        There has never been a 1.25% rate increase.
        There are 5 more Fed meetings until the elections in November – the Fed would have to raise 0.75% or 1% in every meeting to equal the 1974 inflation fight (which ultimately failed).

        So yes, either the Fed believes that most of the inflation is due to “supply chain” – which is nonsense because Europe and UK are both showing comparable inflation increases – or they’re praying a “toe dipper” strategy of 0.25% increases will jawbone inflation back into submission (or both).

        Personally, I see them both crashing the stock market (and rightfully so) but also failing to tame inflation.

    • Augustus Frost says:

      The interest rates you describe would immediately cause the economy to crash into a massive economic depression, worse than the 1930’s.

      Economy is far more leveraged across the board, debt quality is lower than ever, most debt has no collateral or “secured” by mania price level, and the majority of Americans are actually broke. Most household “wealth” is a combination of someone else’s debt (most of it), inflated real estate, and the stock mania.

      • c1ue says:

        I both agree and disagree.
        “Most” Americans don’t own stocks – it is predominantly the 1%.
        Equally, money losing corps should die anyway.
        Housing is more of a distributed wealth, but a lot less than pre-2008.
        But I totally disagree on the 1930s comparison. We don’t have a gold standard nor are we having deflation.

    • sunny129 says:

      DJIA rised to 1000 in 1964 and started dropping. It did not recover fully back to 1000 until 1982! 18 yrs of BEAR mkt!
      More crazy Bull mkts, more crazy will be Bear mkts. Higher & higher they go, harder they fall . Will be obvious only in retrospectively!

  49. Tony22 says:

    Re the Personal income wages and salaries chart, per household, which shows no gains since 2019, adjusted for inflation,

    Is there anywhere a chart that shows the same for the last fifty years, during the oft repeated period during which “the working man has not gotten a raise adjusted for inflation.” ?

    And, figure that there are now two or more incomes in a household when back then there was probably just the man as the breadwinner in most households.

    • Augustus Frost says:

      Try FRED, Federal Bank of St, Louis. Not sure it goes back 50 years but since 1999, up a whopping 6% in total. That’s essentially a 0% increase annually for an entire generation.

  50. Jackson Y says:

    The 2 year treasury vs. 10 year is now down to only 0.61%. At a similar point in the previous tightening cycle (2014), it was over 2%.

    I hope that, rather than chickening out from tightening to prevent inverting the curve, the Federal Reserve can speed up their balance sheet reduction to bring yields up and prevent the inversion.

  51. Klaus says:

    It is my understanding that the Fed reduction in the Interest on excess reserves may be responsible for American inflation. There was 2.8 trillion on the Fed balance sheet prior to march 2020. I assume much of this money flooded into the USA economy when the Fed lowered IOER to near zero.

    The Fed conveniently discontinued the stats for the IOER money after march 2020.

    • Wolf Richter says:


      The Fed discontinued the series on IOER (interest on excess reserves) because it ended the “excess reserves” and the required “required reserves,” but combined them into “reserves,” and that series is alive and well. These Reserves peaked at $4.2 trillion in December and are now down to $3.8 trillion. They are on the Fed’s weekly balance sheet under liabilities.

      • historicus says:

        and the Fed still pays its member 6% on its required stock …right?
        They never cut that did they?
        Such a revelation of their mindset.

  52. Michael Engel says:

    DIA & SPY might be a rouse.

  53. SnotFroth says:

    Here’s my data point: rent just went up 8.8%

    Contra Costa

  54. Richard Greene says:

    The most interesting financial event on Friday:

    U.S. Natural Gas Futures Posted The Biggest One-Day Gain On Record

    Natural-gas futures tallied their largest one-day percentage gain on record Thursday, up more than 46% — the rally was fueled by the expiration of February contracts, but also the punishing Arctic fronts forecast for this weekend and into February.

    February natural gas fired-up $1.99, or 46.5%, to settle at $6.265 per million British thermal units on Thursday.

    As reported by marketwatch.com, February contract settlement marked the biggest one-day percentage gain for a front-month contract based on records dating back to 1990, according to Dow Jones Market Data.

    • historicus says:

      I believe everyone in the nation had their heating bills double.
      Remember just 14 months ago? We were energy independent….

      • ivanislav says:

        fake news, i don’t believe it :)

      • We still are it just costs more. The flow in the Gazprom pipeline to Europe is reversed. Russia may not have the oil it is contracted to sell through OPEC. We have fuel but no drivers, Canada has drivers who won’t vax. It’s all very crazy. I think China has stopped buying our oil. And it is a warmer than usual winter, despite the usual anecdotal claims.

  55. RockyCreek says:

    Meanwhile, back at the ranch…

    I recall an article The New York Times wrote about a month ago saying that the government had updated their weather forecast and were projecting a warmer than expected winter and since natural gas prices were tumbling (at that time) this dynamic duo would sweep in and relieve Americans who were fretting about impending high heating bills this winter. whoosh.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Hahahaha, yes, those were the days back at the ranch.

    • RichArd Greene says:

      The motto for one of my blogs:

      “Is that true, or did you read in the New York Times?”

      They predicted the end of snow in 2014.
      How’s that going?

      • historicus says:

        What could be better confirmation of one’s intellect than to be reading a New York Times, in a Starbucks , with your reading glasses on the end of your nose, with an IVY LEAGUE (you pick it) sweat shirt on, as you sip you double pump Grande Latte? /s

        • Swamp Creature says:

          The only use I have for the Washington Post and NY Times is cleaning dog s$it off my front lawn by rude neighbors who walk their dogs.

  56. LS says:

    Wage eating inflation and that all being said….

    I think unskilled and young workers have been bringing in the bacon the last one or two years. I think where wages have stalled have been in the college educated who have been in the workforce for awhile, the thirty somethings. While I don’t have much evidence, in regards to data this is what I’ve observed:

    I have never seen the amount of paper plates flapping in the wind as I have recently. Our next door neighbor who barely qualified for their mortgage, judging by the amount of roommates living there, have four brand new cars. Four, literally 4 brand new vehicles.

    My long time friend who has zero skills trade training and zero college education qualified to buy a brand new 4-runner based on six months of Etsy tie-dye income (25k). Six months of income qualified her for a vehicle that costs the same as she’s in annually via Etsy on a trend. Does that seem right? An acquaintance of mine, a hairstylist, just purchased the same 45k+ vehicle. She does well but she’s not making six figures. Her husband is making an average amount (he’s in public service).

    Something is off. Something has been very off the last two years in my opinion. Remember the last time gas prices were $5 a gallon in California? You could get a steal of a deal on a gas guzzling 4-runner. What happens if the world starts shifting and the jobs market isn’t as strong?

    • historicus says:

      The bonuses are huge on wall st and in the tech world.

      The workers, earners and savers of this nation are taking it right in the throat…..

  57. BerkeleyBrawl says:

    Here for the comments. Bless you all, except the trolls. Yanis Varoufakis put it best. Capitalism is dead. Marx was wrong. It was not killed by it’s internal contradictions nor the proletariat, rest their soul in peace, but by the emergent technofeudalism. The fed has been stuck floating the zombie capitalist system since 2008 but they are damned whatever they do. The choice is now between Star Trek utopia and Matrix distopia. The fallacy was believing that you can ally yourself with capital. No such thing. That will go into history books. Welcome your new tech overlords.

  58. Nick says:

    A question about the “per-capita” incomes charts: how is per-capita income calculated? Is it the mean (average) income? Or the median income?

    Average incomes overestimate what most people experience because they are skewed by the very high incomes. For example, if you have 99 people all earning $40k, and one getting $2.1 million, the mean “per-capita” income is $60k. But the median is $40k, which reflects what most of the people in the sample get. Most of us are not CEOs or partners at Goldman Sachs. Same applies to rates of increase which have been higher at the top end recently.

    • Wolf Richter says:


      The wealthy and the ultra-wealthy do NOT make their money from salaries. They make it from capital appreciation, stock options, etc. But all income figures EXCLUDE capital gains, stock compensation packages, etc. That removes nearly the entire top end from the income scale.

  59. Independent view says:

    Nobody’s going to ask him anything :)

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