Business Loan Delinquencies Rock Past Lehman Moment Level

Leading Indicator of big trouble, now fermenting in the banks.

This afternoon, somewhat obscured by the Fed’s media-savvy and endless flip-flopping about rate hikes, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve released its second quarter delinquencies and charge-off data for all commercial banks. It shows that if the Fed wanted to raise rates before serious signs of trouble emerged, it might have missed the train.

Consumer loans are still doing well, though delinquencies have ticked up 10% from a year ago to $26.8 billion. Loans are considered “delinquent” when they’re 30 days or more past due. Credit card loans are also still doing well, though delinquencies have jumped 11% from a year ago to $13.8 billion.

Delinquencies of all real estate loans are low and still falling. Which is logical: commercial and residential real estate prices have been soaring for years. If borrowers get in trouble, they might be able to refinance and cure the delinquency, a form of “extend and pretend.” Or they might be able to sell the property and pay off the loan. Delinquencies in real estate don’t rise until property values are falling. That is now happening in some cities, but it hasn’t yet budged the national averages.

But delinquencies of Commercial & Industrial loans are a doozie. There are $2.06 trillion of these loans outstanding at banks in the US. In Q4 2014, delinquencies hit a post-Financial Crisis low of $11.7 billion. That’s when the largest credit bubble in US history peaked, or more politically correct, when the “credit cycle” began to end.

Then delinquencies started to soar. Initially, this was due to the oil & gas bust and the numerous defaults that it triggered, but increasingly it’s due to trouble in other sectors, including retail. At the end of Q2, 2016, delinquencies hit $29.6 billion, up 150% from Q4 2014!

As the chart from the Fed shows, this level of delinquencies was last pierced on the way up in Q4 2008, during the fallout from the Lehman bankruptcy (red marks added):


What’s even more significant than the absolute level of delinquencies in C&I loans is their unpleasant function as a leading indicator of big economic trouble. C&I delinquencies rise in the run-up of official recessions: sometimes with little lead-time, as during the Financial Crisis; other times with more lead-time, as during the 2001 recession.

Companies load up on debt – egged on by their own optimism, eager loan officers, the Fed, and low interest rates. When business conditions aren’t quite as perfect as hoped, and when sales and cash flow, instead of skyrocketing as expected, are shrinking, these loans begin to weigh on the business.

At that point, formerly eager loan officers begin to get nervous. With regulators breathing down their necks and asking questions, they put one hand on the money spigot. And suddenly, a company has trouble scraping up enough cash. Payroll comes first. There are other priorities too. So the executives sit down with their bankers and try to work something out. That’s how it starts for smaller businesses. It’s not the end of the world for a company, but it’s the beginning of big trouble.

Large companies have other options. They can sell junk bonds to yield-desperate investors and pay off the bank loans with the proceeds. This works – until it doesn’t.

If the delinquency is not cured within a specified time, the bank gets serious. It goes after the collateral and charges off the portion of the loan balance that it deems uncollectible.

That charge-off rate has started to rise. In Q2, it reached 0.45% of all C&I loans. Last time it rose to this level was in the run-up to the Financial Crisis: it hit 0.44% in Q3 2007 and blew to 0.68% in Q4 2007. Even during the darkest days of the Financial Crisis, with banks toppling and getting bailed out, the charge-off rate maxed out 2.55%. It doesn’t seem like much. But it doesn’t take that much to sink the banks!


When companies see a squeeze on the horizon, they re-prioritize. To conserve cash and be able to service their debts, they cut costs and capital expenditures. Often this isn’t enough. Delinquencies become a reality. More cuts are made, which then impact sales, which begin to fall more sharply. These cuts in costs turn into lost sales for suppliers, which then have to undertake their own cuts. It spirals through the system. If enough companies do this, and if they lay off enough people, it filters down to the consumer. By that time, big trouble is appearing in other data. Hence the tight relationship between delinquencies of C&I loans and recessions.

And there was more banking activity hidden behind the Fed’s flip-flop theatrics about raising rates. Read… Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, JPMorgan, “Other Banks” Ask Fed to Let them Dodge the Volcker Rule till 2022

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  55 comments for “Business Loan Delinquencies Rock Past Lehman Moment Level

  1. nick kelly says:

    Wow! To think the US has passed through 5 years of 5% unemployment ( officially ) record car sales, record commercial and residential real estate prices, record stock prices, and the Fed has made just a quarter point to windward as we now have to try to tack past the rocks.

    It looks like its going to hit the fan again and there is no dry powder. So much for reloading between skirmishes.

    • Jonathan says:

      Well, orthodox-ists has learned the art of not admitting recession at any cost is the best way to avert one.

    • jonlaughing says:

      You clearly still believe that an activist monetary policy has some connection with the real economy. After twenty years of Japan and almost ten years of the Fed I have disabused myself of that notion. I would prefer that the Fed has no opportunity of “reloading.” Three massive bubbles (2000, 2008, now) is three much in a short time.

  2. Chicken says:

    Spontaneous combustion is the new strategy. Although, they have unconventional tools at their disposal.

  3. Steve M says:

    The odds of the cynic are against the charge-off rate reaching escape velocity.

    What’s to stop the Fed from buying the delinquent loans?

    The only a question is how.

    I’m betting on a Wolf to catch it before a fox.

    • bead says:

      Congress won’t stop the Fed, I promise. This is politics 2016. Votes were never less meaningful

    • Petunia says:

      The banks charge off the bad loans and then sell them to collection agencies who become the new creditors. This is the same thing that happened during the financial crisis in 2008. They might even tell the delinquent customer they have written off the loan and will not be pursuing repayment, while forgetting to mention they sold the loan to a another firm who will.

      • LBO WORLD says:

        debt jubilee!! weeeeeeeeee…ahem…uh…I mean…restructuring and making investors whole. very serious stuff. seriously, if debt jubilles were good for medeval times, theyre good now. we need to get a clue, and by we, i mean the elites. get a clue people! smh.

        • d says:

          “debt jubilee”

          Grow up.

          The only Private citicen recipients, of any form of “debt jubilee” will first be bankrupted, by a collector somewhere in the system.

  4. Thomas Malthus says:

    Day after day … year after year… the pundits tell me that the central bankers are stupid/insane/corrupt/evil and son on….

    Consider this headline:

    Bill Gross Warns “Central Bankers Are Destroying The Engine Of The Real Economy”

    If the central banks destroy the engine — they destroy themselves.

    Bill Gross gets it. A 10 year old could be made to understand the implications of central bank policy.

    Let’s assume the central bankers understand that they are committing suicide.

    Now what do they fear that has driven them to blow up the system that is the foundation of their power?

    • Petunia says:

      Blowing themselves up is how Wall St. works. These guys have no boundaries and no limits. That’s how Bear Stearns and Lehman went under.

      • Petunia says:

        P.S. This is the result of investment firms going public. When the big Wall St. firms were investing their own money, in partnerships, this rarely happened.

    • economicminor says:

      I think it is more a matter of Group Think along with total faith in the Power of Positive Thinking..

      In most organizations, with every layer of management and bureaucracy about half the common sense and knowledge is lost. The PPT faith will not allow anyone to say “Wait! What IF!” If you do not go along with the *common* knowledge and go out on a limb, some one will cut that limb off because you no longer think like the *group*. The only way to survive is to go along to get along. Just think how many layers of management/bureaucracy there are between the street and those who make the rules! Those at the top actually understand very little of the real economy but can not give the slightest appearance of doubt.

      Any thought that the FED actually understands anything relevant is just plain magical thinking..

      • Thomas Malthus says:

        Shall we examine what the central banks are doing:

        – ZIRP NIRP
        – trillions of QE
        – subprime everything
        – making cash available to failing corporations to buy up stocks and drive the markets higher
        – manipulating every asset class…

        Let’s be serious – this is not group think – it is desperation – it is a drowning man grabbing for your hair to keep himself above water

        The central banks understand this is guaranteed to blow up the system — to wreck the global economy.

        They absolutely do not believe it is going to fix anything.

        Why blow up the system?

        • economicminor says:

          Thomas, you really think that while this train is running full steam ahead off the broken bridge into the chasm, the FED wants to add more and more cars to the train so that when it goes, it will kill more and more people?

        • Thomas Malthus says:

          I do not think it matters.

          As I have explained we are out of cheap to extract oil.

          If they Fed did not act after the turn of the century the train would be off the tracks already and smashed into pieces.

          The Fed’s current actions will eventually push on a string and the train will fly off the tracks and smash to pieces.

          The result will be the same — would you prefer it to happen sooner than later?

          The stark reality is that we are out of cheap oil. When the end comes it will be total. It will be forever.

          Remember this – over 99% of all agricultural land is farmed with petrochemical fertilizers and pesticides.

          When they are no longer available i.e. post collapse …. 7.3 billion people will starve.

          That I guarantee you.

          But it gets worse…. there are also 4000 spent nuclear fuel ponds that will run out of control when the economy collapses.

          The problem is if the spent fuel gets too close, they will produce a fission reaction and explode with a force much larger than any fission bomb given the total amount of fuel on the site. All the fuel in all the reactors and all the storage pools at this site (1760 tons of Uranium per slide #4) would be consumed in such a mega-explosion.

          In comparison, Fat Man and Little Boy weapons dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki contained less than a hundred pounds each of fissile material –

          The Fed is literally fighting to delay the extinction of our species.

          Every day they win the fight is worth celebrating

          Perhaps now you might understand why they are doing things that make you want to pull your hair out.

          If you recognize the dire situation they are facing — it is easy to understand why are doing ‘whatever it takes’

          Whatever it takes — to hold back the beast for as long as possible….

        • economicminor says:

          I guess that one definition of insanity is to do something over and over always expecting different results!

          The FED is either insane, cruel and demented or so involved in Group Think that they can not see the forest for the trees.. which is my best guess.

        • Thomas Malthus says:

          They are committing suicide.

          No doubt about that.

          But only because they realize if they don’t commit suicide — they die immediately

        • Kasadour says:

          I agree. desperation. They’ve backed themselves into a corner just like the Italian banks doom loop scenario where the ECB has no choice but to bail out the banking system or it’s lights out on the whole thing. They are stuck. And they know it. Plain and simple.

        • Thomas Malthus says:

          Just as they had no choice to get on the treadmill to hill just after the turn of the century when oil prices started to rise and destroy growth

          According to the OECD Economics Department and the International Monetary Fund Research Department, a sustained $10 per barrel increase in oil prices from $25 to $35 would result in the OECD as a whole losing 0.4% of GDP in the first and second years of higher prices.

        • economicminor says:

          Thomas, I know what you are saying is a fair assessment of the future. What frustrates me the most is that what you are saying is a Group Think Committee analyzation of it. Because it is said, it must be true. So the collective belief is that it is “True”. WE will only study and plan for the scenario that benefits those of us who rule!

          Mankind does seem to be headed toward a massive die off. Not that we have to. EXCEPT the corporate, religious and government mindset is set on never ending growth. Which can not happen on a planet. There is a carrying capacity. You mentioned peak cheap oil. Oil is still the most prominent energy source. The *efficient* farming practices require lots of energy and water and one is at peak, near peak, beyond peak? There are issues with the current practice using GMOs and lots of chemicals and lots of energy to produce enough and distribute enough to keep people from becoming restless and agitated.

          Personally I think we have exceeded it already.. And rather than cut back on producing more and more people, the Collective Group Think Committees continues to push toward more and more growth. To pay over and over, not only for what we have previously built but for what we are consuming.. The world is truly on an Insanity Train ride. YET! This is about credits on one side or the other of the big ledger in the sky. Who works and who benefits.

          AND rather than spend the time and money to at least plan to do something about making a corner and hope the speed of the train isn’t such that we just roll into a ravine. No, there is no room for alliterating the path.. they (we) have to go off the broken bridge? Where are our survival instincts?

          And IF any of us underlings, even if ALL the underlings scream their lungs out to the power struggles at the top. Well, there really is no longer any connection between the masses trying to have a good life and raise their kids and those who now rule them. There is no / zero connection… All those getting laid at the party are way to busy trying to extract their *due*. This is how the top of our economic/political system is functioning! You know it and many people know it. Rome! If you’ve ever studied that crazy system, worked until the cost of getting the energy (fuel/trees) to their huge cities and factories was just to great. Then as now, those with power fight change tooth and nail and the system just stagnates and then ….. You are probably correct. Humans love their beliefs… They’ll fight wars over them and stick to them to the end.. even when they are dumb and harmful and even suicidal.

          Group ThinkEconomics / Politics has *given!* a majority of us in the US, absolutely NO one to vote for that is not a disciple of that Insanity Growth Forever Doctrine… The people are restless and very agitated. Maybe this will be the election of the Green Party or the Libertarians? All I can do is hope and just enjoy what time I have.

          When people feel they have no choices and they feel their way of life is threatened…. desperate mobs … And all because the rulers were so disconnected to reality that they just couldn’t see the warning signs. To engaged in getting laid.

        • Thomas Malthus says:

          I understand where you are coming from – I have been there.

          It is only relatively recently that I have come to these conclusions… previously I suspect you and I would have been pretty much lined up on these issues.

          The thing is…

          The economy MUST grow…. if it fails to grow — and we fail to reverse that trend — we enter a deflationary death spiral.

          What does that look like?

          Job losses – fear — less spending — which leads to more job losses… which reduces consumption even further — more job losses….

          Eventually even the biggest corporations would fail — gigantic job losses…

          Then the operating system of the economy – the financial system — would collapse.

          You can get a feel for what that looks like on p. 56 of this research paper:

          V. Financial System -Supply-chain Cross Contagion

          This is a short essay on what no growth would look like:

          I have concluded that we have no choice in what we are doing …. we can choose to stop now … and collapse on a dime…

          Or we can continue to do ‘whatever it takes’ and push collapse off into the future.

          I’d prefer to hold it off for as long as possible — for obvious reasons

        • d says:

          “The economy MUST grow…. if it fails to grow — and we fail to reverse that trend — we enter a deflationary death spiral.”

          Rubbish you can plan and controll a decline.

          People like you dont want that option, as you and they will not benefit from it.

          You and they benefit from the oil and credit fueled economic morass we are in.

          So you continuously promote more of the same as the only option.

          You are part of the problem naysaying any attempt at a solution.

        • economicminor says:

          Yes, under the current paradigm it has to grow. BUT now it can not grow because of the physical constraints due to the fact that exponential growth in a finite system is not possible. The finite system is a constrained at this time by peaked out energy, global warming and peaked resources. We no longer have cheap plentiful oil supplies compared to the world’s population and demand. We can’t even recycle the physical resources because of the cost of the energy. We could however use the energy we have in a much more efficient manner but that would require a mind set other than Crony Capitalism and Narcissistic leadership. Thus the dilemma of disconnected Group Think by our power structure and their belief in their own Power of Positive Thinking.

          Again, there is always hope that a new paradigm will emerge and not as a phoenix from the ashes of destruction.

          Our entire system is built on cheap energy and energy is no longer cheap and we won’t admit it to ourselves. The age of the individual is over and the age of self preservation of our civilization is upon us. We either rise to the occasion or we kill ourselves off in endless skirmishes over who wins the final Monopoly Game.

        • Thomas Malthus says:

          Agree on all points. I’d suggest you jump onto the Finite World blog. I

          In addition to outstanding analysis of the situation — there are a core group of commentators who post deep insights.

          There are very few people on the planet who recognize and understand the true nature of the problem we are facing — who also understand the the ‘solutions’ that most people believe in — are nothing more than hopium to keep the sheeple calm as they enter the slaughter house…

          Many of those people are on Finite World.

  5. VK says:

    In other good news, Vancouver’s housing bubble just imploded. Prices down 25% in 3 months and 20% in one month.

  6. naresh says:

    i had a difficult time understanding this article wolf usually they are easy to read i dont get it can you sum it up are delinquencies off and loans bad or are they loosening borrowing and writing off previous bad loans

    • Wolf Richter says:

      No problem.

      Delinquencies are new loan arrears. So if a company took out a loan 5 years ago, but now cannot make the loan payments and falls behind more than 30 days in making a payment, the bank considers the loan “delinquent” in its data. The Fed (one of the bank regulators) tracks this info and publishes the results. If a loan is 90 days delinquent, it means the company is three monthly payments behind. Just like a consumer auto loan.

      Charge offs are the amounts that a bank thinks are uncollectible. Banks have collateral when they issue a loan. So when a company cannot service that loan anymore, after a while, the bank will take over the collateral and sell it (the foreclosure process with mortgages). The difference between the outstanding loan balance and the receipts from the sale of the collateral, plus other expenses, are a loss to the bank. It estimates these losses in its “loan loss reserves” and “charge offs.”

      What I didn’t cover in the article is that banks set up “loan loss reserves” where they estimate how much money they will lose on these loans, and they book those losses in advance via these reserves. So the charge offs are against these reserves (which have already been expensed on the income statement).

      So on the financial statements of a bank, you will see this activity via the “loan loss reserves.”

  7. Curious Cat says:

    Be it Europe, Russia, China or the US, it seems business and governments have reached levels of debt that are impossible to ever pay off. But clearly the hope is that the world economy will become super charged and become able to pay off the debt with the future proceeds.

    That seems unlikely. World wide population growth is apparently at record lows. The three great industrial revolutions, steam, electricity and micro processing/Internet all seemed to have peaked with no clear candidate for a fourth revolution. So productivity increases are unlikely. (Besides which as productivity increases fewer jobs are available.)

    Without either population growth and/or productivity increases economic growth is impossible.

    This seems to foretell flat or declining economic activities for the foreseeable future. It’s either more of the same for the God’s knows how long or blowing the whole thing up and starting over (War) which is a time honored mechanism for redistributing assets.

    Is there a third alternative? What happens next? Any ideas? Am I wrong?

    • NOTaREALmerican says:

      There is no alternative, sorry.

    • Chicken says:

      Seems some are speculating on some kind of tech-boom/bioengineering revolution or something?

      Meanwhile the lying FED wears their Farnsworth Electronium Hats (a product of their forward time machine) harnessing the power of sunspots to produce cognitive radiation.

    • Islander says:

      “Productivity increases are unlikely”? Please don’t be a negative nancy, I at least anticipate several exciting developments, one of which will come from robotics. After all we have all the parts for it already: the hardware to move and manipulate, the camera eyes to see and the cheap chips to think. All that’s needed is a bit of software, an area where science is making great strides.

      It could usher in an era of free money, human emancipation, local manufacturing and who knows what else. The future is bright (if the bots don’t kill us).

      • economicminor says:

        robotics, really? an era of free money, human emancipation?

        Even though the age of Robotics may be here, those who own them will never allow the peons and serfs to benefit.. More likely is the Terminator Clone/Drone Machines made to eliminate the pesky humans who have high maintenance and low productivity…

  8. OutLookingIn says:

    Just another “Fundy”. Fundamental that is.
    To add to the ever growing litany of negative fundamentals.

    European banking crises
    US dollar weakening
    Over $13 trillion in bonds with a negative rate
    Business debt 29% higher than the 08 financial crises
    Railcar loadings near 2008 lows
    Cass freight index now down last 24 months
    Baltic Dry Index remains low – bottom bouncing
    Harpex shows severe downturn last 6 months
    House bubble 2.0 at 05-06 peaks
    GDP per capita and household income has collapsed
    Business inventory to sales ratio is dismal
    Auto sales have peaked – now in 6 month decline
    Class 8 truck net new orders have crashed
    CAT negative world retail sales now approaching 4 years

    There are many, many more fundamentals just as equally bad. This cannot be fixed with just a monetary policy change. This system has now gone well beyond being fixable. It is now irreparable and requires a system wide reset, or a completely new system.

    • Chicken says:

      Yet somehow “They” (subjective term) are able to lull the masses and suppress cognitive thought.

      Little is known about the entire structure of these aliens 1st encountered on Nude Beach planet, but their most interesting and notable organ is their sprunjer which they use to find and exploit information. This sprunjer may suggest that the profession as a whole is very keen on finding information, and thus becoming scammers may be quite common for people of this stature. Also, it is hinted that their drooping noses are used in intercourse.”

      • huis789 says:

        Is there available a picture or a simple diagram of the sprunjer. I would like to procure one for personal (non-commercial) use.

        • Chicken says:

          I would too! See “Bender’s Big Score” for a full explanation of how these alien scammers were able to use their spunjers to uncover a Paradox-Free Time Travel Machine, which they use to swindle all of Earth’s wealth, much like the FED has enabled TBTF criminal enterprise in the largest transfer of wealth in human history.

    • economicminor says:

      you forgot the damage to the ecosystem that is lowering the amount of food this planet is producing. Floods, fires, and great pestilence is already here..

      There is just NO way that the planet can become MORE productive and make more profits to pay off the astronomical debts that have been created while making more food and things most people really don’t need while not adding to the global weather, environmental disasters that we are already seeing. It will take decades at least for the seas to recover.

      Wiping out the debts will reset everything and allow humans and the remaining infrastructure to be returned to productive use. But between the weather gods and angry people, what remains will be much less than we have now.. I just can’t see any way enough growth to return to pay off the huge volumes of debts and obligations now on the books..

      • Chicken says:

        And by definition (excluding perhaps technological advances) increased food production equates to additional habitat destruction, no?

  9. wholy1 says:

    Seat belts, Folks! Keep the neck from snapping when the head impacts the overhead luggage rack.
    This is [possibly just] the “END of the [unwind] Beginning”.
    The majority of the adults to experience the Great Depression have already checked out so, not a lot of “oral historians” remaining to give One a glimpse in to the daily “adjustments/challenges” of the GreatER Depression, that commenced 2007-08 and gathering momentum.
    It’s all “a PROCESS” . . . UNTIL IT ISN’T!
    Exciting times . . . for the [prepared/rural berthed] repenting Remnant!
    Ooooops! Censored AGAIN. The moderator is exposed.

    • Wolf Richter says:

      Your comments are blocked when they get into war mongering – particularly your favorite, World War III mongering – as the solution to the credit cycle. I can stand plenty of silliness, and I produce some of it myself. But I can’t stand war mongering. And suggesting war as a solution to the credit cycle exceeds my tolerance.

      • Petunia says:

        I agree with the general premise that TPTB will lead us into a world war to reset the monetary system. All you have to do is look at the Paris conference of 1919 and the Dawes Plan that followed. Then Bretton Woods after WWII. It worked the last two times.

        • Wolf Richter says:

          Anyone can believe anything they choose to believe. But what they can post on WS is more limited.

        • nick kelly says:

          I’ve studied WWII quite a bit, frankly more than some tenured profs teaching the period and have a few bits published.
          It would be very hard to find ANY historian who thinks you can separate Hitler from WWII. If he isn’t around it doesn’t happen.

          Up until Hitler the Army had been the main decider about war. The Kaiser Wilhelm II was afraid he might be overthrown by the Army if he ‘fell out’ -backed down in the run up to WWI.
          After defeat the Army was fearful of another war, but Hitler relished the prospect.
          In the pursuit of power, Hitler courted the Army- once he achieved it things changed. He alone faced down the Army when he re-occupied the Rhineland.
          They also tried to convince him that Britain’s guarantee to Poland was not a bluff, and that a German invasion would provoke the war.

          On Sunday, November 5, 1939, a month after the outbreak of the war but before the attack in the West, General von Brauchitsch sought an interview with Hitler.
          After some uncomfortable preamble, the General said the Army would be grateful for an assurance that the Army alone would be responsible for future campaigns.
          Hitler flew into a tremendous rage. For the next 20 minutes he accused the General Staff and the General personally of ‘disloyalty, sabotage, cowardice, and defeatism’
          ‘The General drove shakily back to his HQ where he arrived in such poor shape he only give a somewhat incoherent account of the proceedings’
          Quotes from Barbarossa by Alan Clarke

          For the next few years the Army swarmed with plots to get rid of Hitler and end the war. On a visit to the Russian front it was planned to arrest him- but he brought a big SS contingent that arrived first.
          In 1943 a bomb was placed on his plane but didn’t detonate.
          In July 1944 in the last attempt ( Valkyrie) the bomb did go off put unfortunately Hitler survived. About 2000 or so of the conspirators didn’t. Many who weren’t executed committed suicide. The hero of the Afrika Korps, Rommel, respected in the West as a clean fighter and charged with the task of approaching the West for a peace, chose suicide and a promise of safety for his family over trial.

          Any attempt to separate Hitler personally from the war (from which only the US emerged intact although it certainly wasn’t their idea) and assign the blame to the usual occult financial motives faces a very uphill struggle.
          And of course it was a key plank of the National Socialist German Workers Party that finance ( i.e, the Jews) had started WWI.

      • d says:

        Yes it is an inhuman suggestion.

        It is however something China is playing at.

        There can be no other explanation for there behaviors in the Western Philippine Sea.

        The only question being does it remain an Asian war or globalize.

  10. d says:

    Nick kelly.

    The Versailles Diktat guaranteed another major war in Europe, (which morphed into WW II, due to American isolationism).

    No matter who lead Germany.

    Your failure to comprehend this BASIC of 20 Th Century European Military and political events is astounding. Given your claim’s.

    Even Woodrow Wilson could see it coming, before the Diktat was even delivered…

    • nick kelly says:

      Agreed that Versailles was too harsh and by 1930 ish most Brits agreed. This lead to what today is called the ‘appeasement’ of Germany.
      Unfortunately for everyone, Hitler got the credit.
      By September !939 Germany had re-armed, gobbled up Czechoslovakia, and annexed Austria, leaving the Reich with a greater land mass than BEFORE WWI.
      But it wasn’t enough for the ‘Bohemian Corporal’
      It is well established history that the German Army disagreed with Hitler ( and you) and wanted to stop at this point.

    • Thomas Malthus says:

      An excellent book on this topic

      • d says:

        There are some excellent references, and good facts in that book, Which will direct the reader to other good works, some of which are not prominent.

        However it is far to PRO KENYSIAN Biased. To be of any real use.

  11. Chris says:

    So the market is 2T and we are worried about approx. 1% being delinquent? Or is just the pace?

    Listen I agree with the premise that central bankers have created a world awash in debt that will lead to eventual lower quality of life for millions (and accompanying war) but credit vehicles and their derivatives are a real mixed bag. I think the collapse will happen more visibly for those paying attention: bond crisis in Japan, huge Yuan devaluation in China, and then eventual High yield market breakdown etc etc. The stress that puts on the equity markets and confidence will be the real issue in my opinion. For now, it is just playing out like sequals to the movie “The International”

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