These Two Charts Show the True Fiasco of US Oil & Gas

Rig count for oil and for gas: two separate fiascos

Oil-and-gas exploration and production companies in the US have announced cutbacks of 30%, 40%, or 50% and beyond in operating budgets and capital expenditures. They want to survive in an environment of plunging oil and gas prices, and hence plunging revenues. They loaded up on debt, and that debt is now exacting its pound of flesh.

These companies lease drilling rigs from oil-field services companies, such as Halliburton. When the going gets tough and they run out of borrowed money, they stop leasing rigs, and they try to get out from under the rigs that they have already contracted for. It’s a slow process. But it has begun.

The number of rigs drilling for oil in the US dropped another 55 in the latest week to 1,366, the lowest since October 2013, down 15.1% from the peak in the second week of October last year, when 1,609 rigs were drilling for oil.

The rig count had already dropped by 61 in the prior week, the largest week-to-week drop in Baker Hughes’ data series going back to 1987. In percentage terms (-4.12%), it had been the largest drop since the Financial Crisis.

In both weeks combined, the rig count plunged by 116, or 7.8%. The last time it started plunging like this for two weeks was in December 2008 (also down 7.8%, ironically), during the stock market crash.

The standouts:

California lost 4 active oil and gas rigs in the latest week, bringing the rig count to 18 (including 1 offshore), from 45 rigs (including 2 offshore) reported on November 21. In those eight weeks, the rig count plunged 60%! Drilling is coming to a halt in California.

North Dakota, second largest oil-producing state, lost another 6 rigs in the latest week, to 156 active rigs. Down 13.3% in five weeks.

Texas, the largest oil-producing state, got hit the hardest, not in percentage terms – that honor belongs to California – but in number of rigs that have been evaporating: 44 in the latest week. The oil and gas rig count is now at 766, the lowest since March 2011. That’s down 15.4% from the peak of 905 rigs reported on November 21.

This is what drilling activity looks like across the US:

US-rig-count_1988_2015-01-16=oil

As I wrote a few days ago in This Is Just the Beginning of the Great American Oil Bust:

Estimates vary widely as to how far the rig cutting will go. Barclays’ analyst Anderson estimated that at least 500 rigs could be idled in the American oil patch by the end of the year. Raymond James analyst Praveen Narra said that his firm estimated that up to 850 rigs could be idled this year. If 60% are idled, as was the case during the Financial Crisis, it would mean that 965 rigs would be taken out of service.

Over the last 10 years, the oil and gas business in the US has become huge, and the unwind will be huge as well.

Rigs drilling for natural gas follow a different pattern. The rig count collapsed years ago as the price of natural gas fell below the cost of production, after a phenomenal no-holds-barred fracking boom in the years before the financial crisis, which culminated in August 2008 when over 1,600 gas rigs were active. This resulted in a “gas glut” that killed prices, pushing them below the cost of production.

The rig count collapsed in two phases, first during the financial crisis, and then after a sucker rally, during the “gas glut.” It has turned into a true fiasco for the industry and increasingly for its investors:

US-rig-count_1988_2015-01-16=gas

But why is production still rising after this kind of plunge in drilling activity?

There are a number of reasons, but one stands out: Numerous of these newly drilled and completed or partially completed wells couldn’t be hooked up to pipelines because the growth of the pipeline infrastructure hadn’t kept up with the drilling boom. These wells – by some estimates, 1,300 in the Marcellus alone – just sat there, waiting for the pipeline. Over the last two years, pipeline infrastructure has reached these wells, and despite the plunge in drilling activity, “production” – which is counted when natural gas reaches a trading hub, not when the well is drilled – has soared in 2014.

So the rig count for natural gas dropped 19 in the latest reporting week, to 310, matching the low of June 2014, levels not seen since May 1993! Yet, in the overall fiasco that natural gas drillers are facing, this is just another minor downtick, and barely visible on the chart.

And now, years of wondrous Wall-Street engineering dissolve in reality. Read…   Money Dries Up for Oil & Gas, Layoffs Spread, Write-Offs Start

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  8 comments for “These Two Charts Show the True Fiasco of US Oil & Gas

  1. Michael Gorback
    Jan 18, 2015 at 1:02 am

    Then we get a bump up in unemployment, a drop in GDP and QE4?

    So we’ll end up with Romney running for president, the euro tanking, Grexit in the news every day and a round of QE- this is some Kafkaesque nightmare like the movie Groundhog Day where we re-live 2012 over and over.

  2. Richard Lamb
    Jan 18, 2015 at 2:48 am

    More of the same will undoubtedly come up for consideration, however, can everyone (Fed, ECB & BoJ) be doing QE. With currencies racing to the bottom where will the excess liquidity in the hands of spec-vestors go, the Swiss Franc?

    Monetary policy is not resolving the twin problems of excessive debt and lack of demand. Politicians have seen central bankers as alchemists able to turn debased economies into gold. Painful fiscal and structural changes will be required before we exit Groundhog Day. The question is whether democratically elected politicians can achieve what is required.

    The upcoming Greek election will give an indication of how much pain electorates will take. Whilst, Italy has shown not much whereas until now, Spain has but also has an upcoming election.

    Monetary policy is stuck in a loop, however, exiting from a rigged market as the Swiss Franc débâcle showed, you can expect some nasty collateral damage.

    • SteveK9
      Jan 21, 2015 at 6:22 pm

      Excessive PRIVATE debt. We need two things:

      1) Address the corruption of Wall Street

      2) Fiscal deficits to restore demand

      (Government debt is immaterial (Japan) unless it is so high that it results in excessive inflation (that is not a problem now). If the economy booms and inflation becomes a problem you reduce fiscal deficits or run a fiscal surplus.)

      • SteveK9
        Jan 21, 2015 at 6:23 pm

        Countries like Greece, Spain, Italy do not have this option, because they do not control their currency. Their solution is to exit the Euro. Immediate pain, but that would be over soon, and nothing like the misery that austerity has (gratuitously) caused.

  3. coal
    Jan 18, 2015 at 5:42 am

    Wolf,

    How does all this play out ?… August 17, 2006 “South Africa has a way to make oil from coal”

    http://www.post-gazette.com/business/businessnews/2006/08/17/South-Africa-has-a-way-to-make-oil-from-coal/stories/200608170378

    The UK has a LOT of coal!.

    • Jan 18, 2015 at 8:40 am

      The Germans during the War invented that process and made fuel that way for their airplanes, etc. A number of companies have since tried to commercialize the technology. The problem is it’s not anywhere near cost-competitive with petroleum products. I don’t know at what price it would be competitive, but maybe someday we’ll get there.

    • SteveK9
      Jan 21, 2015 at 6:26 pm

      Did some work on this in the lab … in 1974. Not exactly a new idea. Jimmy Carter had a ‘Synfuels’ program. Wolf is right, price of oil has never been high enough. Besides nuclear is the answer anyway, forget coal, think uranium.

  4. ERG
    Jan 20, 2015 at 3:25 pm

    It actually IS cost competitive when oil is at $100+/bbl. The US DoE has been studying it since dirt was invented as the US has a 200+ year supply of coal at present use rates.

    With oil in the $40s/bbl, it aint gonna happen.

    It didnt happen in this last bubble because if you think fracking is capital intensive, then coal-to-liquids is fracking on steroids with the added disadvantage that it takes a long time before you get your first bbl of product…and by then the price has dropped…so say-buh-bye to your $5 billion (yes, that’s BILLION) investment.

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